Naishadha-charita [sanskrit]

by K.K. Handiqui | 1965 | 29,064 words

The Sanskrit edition of the Naishadha-charita referencing the English translation and grammatical analysis. The Naishadha-charita is one of the mahakavyas (great epic poems) and deals with the famous story Of Nala and Damayanti, as found in the Mahabharata.

Verse 12.2

ततः स भैम्या ववृते वृते नृपैर्विनिःश्वसद्भिः सदसि स्वयंवरः ।
चिरागतैस्तर्किततद्विरागितैः स्फुरद्भिरानन्दमहार्णवैर्नवैः ॥ २ ॥

tataḥ sa bhaimyā vavṛte vṛte nṛpairviniḥśvasadbhiḥ sadasi svayaṃvaraḥ |
cirāgataistarkitatadvirāgitaiḥ sphuradbhirānandamahārṇavairnavaiḥ || 2 ||

The English translation of Naishadha-charita [Sanskrit] Verse 12.2 is contained in the book Naisadhacarita of Sriharsa (An old and Rare Book) by K.K. Handiqui. This book is available online or you could buy the latest edition:

Read online Buy now! English translation by K.K. Handiqui (1965)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.2). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Tad, Tata, Bhaimi, Vrit, Vrita, Vriti, Sadas, Svayamvara, Cira, Agata, Tarkita, Viragita, Sphurat, Ananda, Aha, Arnava, Nava,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Naishadha-charita [Sanskrit] Verse 12.2). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line1: “tataḥ sa bhaimyā vavṛte vṛte nṛpairviniḥśvasadbhiḥ sadasi svayaṃvaraḥ”
  • tataḥ -
  • tataḥ (indeclinable adverb); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable adverb)
    tataḥ (indeclinable correlative); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable correlative)
    tataḥ (indeclinable); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable)
    tad (noun, neuter); (3 der.)
    tataḥ (ablative single)
    tataḥ (ablative dual)
    tataḥ (ablative plural)
    tata (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    tataḥ (nominative single)
    tan -> tata (participle, masculine); (1 der.)
    tataḥ (nominative single), from √tan (class 8 verb)
    sa (noun, masculine); (3 der.)
    tataḥ (ablative single)
    tataḥ (ablative dual)
    tataḥ (ablative plural)
    (noun, feminine); (6 der.)
    tataḥ (ablative single)
    tataḥ (ablative dual)
    tataḥ (ablative plural)
    tataḥ (ablative single)
    tataḥ (ablative dual)
    tataḥ (ablative plural)
  • sa -
  • sa (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    sa (vocative single)
    sa (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    sa (nominative single)
  • bhaimyā* -
  • bhaimī (noun, feminine); (2 der.)
    bhaimyāḥ (ablative single)
    bhaimyāḥ (genitive single)
  • vavṛte -
  • vṛt (verb class 1); (2 der.)
    vavṛte (perfect middle first single)
    vavṛte (perfect middle third single)
  • vṛte -
  • vṛt (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    vṛte (dative single)
    vṛt (noun, neuter); (1 der.)
    vṛte (dative single)
    vṛta (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    vṛte (locative single)
    vṛta (noun, neuter); (4 der.)
    vṛte (nominative dual)
    vṛte (vocative dual)
    vṛte (accusative dual)
    vṛte (locative single)
    vṛtā (noun, feminine); (4 der.)
    vṛte (nominative dual)
    vṛte (vocative single)
    vṛte (vocative dual)
    vṛte (accusative dual)
    vṛti (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    vṛte (vocative single)
    vṛ -> vṛta (participle, masculine); (3 der.)
    vṛte (locative single), from √vṛ (class 1 verb)
    vṛte (locative single), from √vṛ (class 5 verb)
    vṛte (locative single), from √vṛ (class 9 verb)
    vṛ -> vṛta (participle, neuter); (12 der.)
    vṛte (nominative dual), from √vṛ (class 1 verb)
    vṛte (vocative dual), from √vṛ (class 1 verb)
    vṛte (accusative dual), from √vṛ (class 1 verb)
    vṛte (locative single), from √vṛ (class 1 verb)
    vṛte (nominative dual), from √vṛ (class 5 verb)
    vṛte (vocative dual), from √vṛ (class 5 verb)
    vṛte (accusative dual), from √vṛ (class 5 verb)
    vṛte (locative single), from √vṛ (class 5 verb)
    vṛte (nominative dual), from √vṛ (class 9 verb)
    vṛte (vocative dual), from √vṛ (class 9 verb)
    vṛte (accusative dual), from √vṛ (class 9 verb)
    vṛte (locative single), from √vṛ (class 9 verb)
    vṛ -> vṛtā (participle, feminine); (12 der.)
    vṛte (nominative dual), from √vṛ (class 1 verb)
    vṛte (vocative single), from √vṛ (class 1 verb)
    vṛte (vocative dual), from √vṛ (class 1 verb)
    vṛte (accusative dual), from √vṛ (class 1 verb)
    vṛte (nominative dual), from √vṛ (class 5 verb)
    vṛte (vocative single), from √vṛ (class 5 verb)
    vṛte (vocative dual), from √vṛ (class 5 verb)
    vṛte (accusative dual), from √vṛ (class 5 verb)
    vṛte (nominative dual), from √vṛ (class 9 verb)
    vṛte (vocative single), from √vṛ (class 9 verb)
    vṛte (vocative dual), from √vṛ (class 9 verb)
    vṛte (accusative dual), from √vṛ (class 9 verb)
    vṛ -> vṛta (participle, masculine); (2 der.)
    vṛte (locative single), from √vṛ (class 5 verb)
    vṛte (locative single), from √vṛ (class 9 verb)
    vṛ -> vṛta (participle, neuter); (8 der.)
    vṛte (nominative dual), from √vṛ (class 5 verb)
    vṛte (vocative dual), from √vṛ (class 5 verb)
    vṛte (accusative dual), from √vṛ (class 5 verb)
    vṛte (locative single), from √vṛ (class 5 verb)
    vṛte (nominative dual), from √vṛ (class 9 verb)
    vṛte (vocative dual), from √vṛ (class 9 verb)
    vṛte (accusative dual), from √vṛ (class 9 verb)
    vṛte (locative single), from √vṛ (class 9 verb)
    vṛ -> vṛtā (participle, feminine); (8 der.)
    vṛte (nominative dual), from √vṛ (class 5 verb)
    vṛte (vocative single), from √vṛ (class 5 verb)
    vṛte (vocative dual), from √vṛ (class 5 verb)
    vṛte (accusative dual), from √vṛ (class 5 verb)
    vṛte (nominative dual), from √vṛ (class 9 verb)
    vṛte (vocative single), from √vṛ (class 9 verb)
    vṛte (vocative dual), from √vṛ (class 9 verb)
    vṛte (accusative dual), from √vṛ (class 9 verb)
  • Cannot analyse nṛpairviniḥśvasadbhiḥ*sa
  • sadasi -
  • sadas (noun, neuter); (1 der.)
    sadasi (locative single)
    sad (verb class 6); (1 der.)
    sadasi (present active second single)
  • svayaṃvaraḥ -
  • svayaṃvara (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    svayaṃvaraḥ (nominative single)
  • Line2: “cirāgataistarkitatadvirāgitaiḥ sphuradbhirānandamahārṇavairnavaiḥ”
  • cirā -
  • cira (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    cira (vocative single)
    cira (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    cira (vocative single)
    cirā (noun, feminine); (2 der.)
    cirā (nominative single)
    cirā (nominative single)
  • agatais -
  • agata (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    agataiḥ (instrumental plural)
    agata (noun, neuter); (1 der.)
    agataiḥ (instrumental plural)
  • tarkita -
  • tarkita (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    tarkita (vocative single)
    tarkita (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    tarkita (vocative single)
    tark -> tarkita (participle, masculine); (1 der.)
    tarkita (vocative single), from √tark (class 10 verb)
    tark -> tarkita (participle, neuter); (1 der.)
    tarkita (vocative single), from √tark (class 10 verb)
  • tad -
  • tad (indeclinable); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable)
    tad (indeclinable adverb); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable adverb)
    tat (indeclinable correlative); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable correlative)
    tad (noun, neuter); (3 der.)
    tat (compound)
    tat (nominative single)
    tat (accusative single)
  • virāgitaiḥ -
  • virāgita (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    virāgitaiḥ (instrumental plural)
    virāgita (noun, neuter); (1 der.)
    virāgitaiḥ (instrumental plural)
  • sphuradbhir -
  • sphurat (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    sphuradbhiḥ (instrumental plural)
    sphurat (noun, neuter); (1 der.)
    sphuradbhiḥ (instrumental plural)
    sphur -> sphurat (participle, masculine); (1 der.)
    sphuradbhiḥ (instrumental plural), from √sphur (class 6 verb)
    sphur -> sphurat (participle, neuter); (1 der.)
    sphuradbhiḥ (instrumental plural), from √sphur (class 6 verb)
  • ānandam -
  • ānanda (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    ānandam (adverb)
    ānandam (accusative single)
    ānanda (noun, neuter); (3 der.)
    ānandam (adverb)
    ānandam (nominative single)
    ānandam (accusative single)
    ānandā (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    ānandam (adverb)
  • ahā -
  • aha (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    aha (vocative single)
  • arṇavair -
  • arṇava (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    arṇavaiḥ (instrumental plural)
    arṇava (noun, neuter); (1 der.)
    arṇavaiḥ (instrumental plural)
  • navaiḥ -
  • nava (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    navaiḥ (instrumental plural)
    nava (noun, neuter); (1 der.)
    navaiḥ (instrumental plural)

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Naishadha-charita [Sanskrit] Verse 12.2

Cover of edition (1989)

Philosophical Reflections in the Naisadhacarita
by Harekrishna Meher (1989)

English (Hardcover)

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Cover of edition (2016)

The Naisadhiyacarita and Literary Community in South Asia
by Deven M. Patel (2016)

English (Hardcover)

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Cover of edition (2013)

Naishadhiya Charitam of Mahakavi Shri Harsha
by Dr. Devarshi Sanadhya Shastri (2013)

Sanskrit Text with Hindi Translation; Set of 2 Volumes ; Krishnadas Sanskrit Series 52; Includes Jivatu Commentary of Mallinath and Candrika Hindi Commentary

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Cover of edition (2015)

Nala and Damayanti
by B.N. Goswamy (2015)

A Great Series of Paintings of An Old Indian Romance; Foreword by Karan Sing.

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