Naishadha-charita [sanskrit]

by K.K. Handiqui | 1965 | 29,064 words

The Sanskrit edition of the Naishadha-charita referencing the English translation and grammatical analysis. The Naishadha-charita is one of the mahakavyas (great epic poems) and deals with the famous story Of Nala and Damayanti, as found in the Mahabharata.

Verse 9.156

चण्डालस्ते विषामविशिखः स्पृश्यते दृश्यते न ख्यातोऽनङ्गस्त्वयि जयति यः किंनु कृत्ताङ्गुलीकः ।
कृत्वा मित्त्रं मधुमधिवनस्थानमन्तश्चरित्वा सख्याः प्राणान्हरति हरितस्त्वद्यशस्तज्जुषन्ताम् ॥ १५६ ॥

caṇḍālaste viṣāmaviśikhaḥ spṛśyate dṛśyate na khyāto'naṅgastvayi jayati yaḥ kiṃnu kṛttāṅgulīkaḥ |
kṛtvā mittraṃ madhumadhivanasthānamantaścaritvā sakhyāḥ prāṇānharati haritastvadyaśastajjuṣantām || 156 ||

The English translation of Naishadha-charita [Sanskrit] Verse 9.156 is contained in the book Naisadhacarita of Sriharsa (An old and Rare Book) by K.K. Handiqui. This book is available online or you could buy the latest edition:

Read online Buy now! The English translation by K.K. Handiqui (1965)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (9.156). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Candala, Tad, Yushmad, Vish, Visha, Avi, Shikha, Drishyata, Khyata, Khyat, Ananga, Jayat, Yah, Kim, Kritta, Angulika, Kritva, Kritvan, Mit, Tra, Madhu, Adhi, Vanasthana, Anta, Sakhi, Prana, Harat,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Naishadha-charita [Sanskrit] Verse 9.156). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “caṇḍālaste viṣāmaviśikhaḥ spṛśyate dṛśyate na khyāto'naṅgastvayi jayati yaḥ kiṃnu kṛttāṅgulīkaḥ
  • caṇḍālas -
  • caṇḍāla (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • te -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [dative single], [genitive single]
  • viṣām -
  • viṣ (noun, feminine)
    [genitive plural]
    viṣ (noun, masculine)
    [genitive plural]
    viṣ (noun, neuter)
    [genitive plural]
    viṣā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • avi -
  • avi (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    avi (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    avi (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    avī (noun, feminine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    o (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
  • śikhaḥ -
  • śikha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • spṛśyate -
  • spṛś (verb class 6)
    [present passive third single]
  • dṛśyate -
  • dṛśyatā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    dṛś (verb class 1)
    [present passive third single]
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • khyāto' -
  • khyāta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    khyā -> khyāta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √khyā class 2 verb], [accusative plural from √khyā class 2 verb], [ablative single from √khyā class 2 verb], [genitive single from √khyā class 2 verb]
    khyā -> khyāt (participle, neuter)
    [ablative single from √khyā class 2 verb], [genitive single from √khyā class 2 verb]
    khyā (verb class 2)
    [present active third dual]
  • anaṅgas -
  • anaṅga (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • tvayi -
  • yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [locative single]
  • jayati -
  • jayati (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    jayat (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    jayat (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
    ji -> jayat (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √ji class 1 verb]
    ji -> jayat (participle, neuter)
    [locative single from √ji class 1 verb]
    ji (verb class 1)
    [present active third single]
  • yaḥ -
  • yaḥ (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    ya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    yaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • kiṃ -
  • kim (indeclinable interrogative)
    [indeclinable interrogative]
    kim (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    kim (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • nu -
  • nu (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    nu (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    nau (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • kṛttā -
  • kṛtta (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    kṛtta (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    kṛttā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    kṛt -> kṛtta (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √kṛt class 1 verb], [vocative single from √kṛt class 6 verb]
    kṛt -> kṛtta (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √kṛt class 1 verb], [vocative single from √kṛt class 6 verb]
    kṛt -> kṛttā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative single from √kṛt class 1 verb], [nominative single from √kṛt class 6 verb]
    kṛt -> kṛtta (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √kṛt class 7 verb]
    kṛt -> kṛtta (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √kṛt class 7 verb]
    kṛt -> kṛttā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative single from √kṛt class 7 verb]
  • aṅgulīkaḥ -
  • aṅgulīka (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “kṛtvā mittraṃ madhumadhivanasthānamantaścaritvā sakhyāḥ prāṇānharati haritastvadyaśastajjuṣantām
  • kṛtvā -
  • kṛtvā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    kṛ -> kṛtvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √kṛ]
    kṛ -> kṛtvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √kṛ]
    kṛ -> kṛtvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √kṛ]
    kṛ -> kṛtvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √kṛ]
    kṛtvan (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • mit -
  • mit (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
  • tram -
  • tra (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    tra (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    trā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • madhum -
  • madhu (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • adhi -
  • adhi (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    adhi (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    adhī (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    adhī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
    adhī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • vanasthānam -
  • vanasthāna (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • antaś -
  • anta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • caritvā -
  • car -> caritvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √car]
  • sakhyāḥ -
  • sakhī (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • prāṇān -
  • prāṇa (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • harati -
  • hṛ -> harat (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √hṛ class 1 verb]
    hṛ -> harat (participle, neuter)
    [locative single from √hṛ class 1 verb]
    hṛ (verb class 1)
    [present active third single]
  • Cannot analyse haritastvadyaśastajjuṣantām

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Naishadha-charita [Sanskrit] Verse 9.156

Cover of edition (1989)

Philosophical Reflections in the Naisadhacarita
by Harekrishna Meher (1989)

English (Hardcover)

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2016)

The Naisadhiyacarita and Literary Community in South Asia
by Deven M. Patel (2016)

English (Hardcover)

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2013)

Naishadhiya Charitam of Mahakavi Shri Harsha
by Dr. Devarshi Sanadhya Shastri (2013)

Sanskrit Text with Hindi Translation; Set of 2 Volumes ; Krishnadas Sanskrit Series 52; Includes Jivatu Commentary of Mallinath and Candrika Hindi Commentary

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2015)

Nala and Damayanti
by B.N. Goswamy (2015)

A Great Series of Paintings of An Old Indian Romance; Foreword by Karan Sing.

Buy now!
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