Naishadha-charita [sanskrit]

by K.K. Handiqui | 1965 | 29,064 words

The Sanskrit edition of the Naishadha-charita referencing the English translation and grammatical analysis. The Naishadha-charita is one of the mahakavyas (great epic poems) and deals with the famous story Of Nala and Damayanti, as found in the Mahabharata.

Verse 5.121

नाक्षराणि पठता किमपाठि प्रस्मृतः किमथवा पठितोऽपि ।
इत्थमर्थिचयसंशयदोलाखेलनं खलु चकार नकारः ॥ १२१ ॥

nākṣarāṇi paṭhatā kimapāṭhi prasmṛtaḥ kimathavā paṭhito'pi |
itthamarthicayasaṃśayadolākhelanaṃ khalu cakāra nakāraḥ || 121 ||

The English translation of Naishadha-charita [Sanskrit] Verse 5.121 is contained in the book Naisadhacarita of Sriharsa (An old and Rare Book) by K.K. Handiqui. This book is available online or you could buy the latest edition:

Read online Buy now! The English translation by K.K. Handiqui (1965)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (5.121). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Nri, Akshara, Pathat, Kim, Pathin, Prasmrita, Athava, Pathitri, Pathita, Api, Ittham, Ittha, Arthin, Arthi, Caya, Samshaya, Dola, Khelana, Khalu, Cakara, Nakara,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Naishadha-charita [Sanskrit] Verse 5.121). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “nākṣarāṇi paṭhatā kimapāṭhi prasmṛtaḥ kimathavā paṭhito'pi
  • -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    nṛ (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • akṣarāṇi -
  • akṣara (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • paṭhatā -
  • paṭh -> paṭhat (participle, masculine)
    [instrumental single from √paṭh class 1 verb]
    paṭh -> paṭhat (participle, neuter)
    [instrumental single from √paṭh class 1 verb]
  • kim -
  • kim (indeclinable interrogative)
    [indeclinable interrogative]
    kim (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    kim (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • a -
  • a (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • pāṭhi -
  • pāṭhin (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    pāṭhin (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • prasmṛtaḥ -
  • prasmṛta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • kim -
  • kim (indeclinable interrogative)
    [indeclinable interrogative]
    kim (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    kim (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • athavā -
  • athavā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • paṭhito' -
  • paṭhitṛ (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    paṭhita (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    paṭh -> paṭhita (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √paṭh class 1 verb]
  • api -
  • api (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    ap (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
    api (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • Line 2: “itthamarthicayasaṃśayadolākhelanaṃ khalu cakāra nakāraḥ
  • ittham -
  • ittham (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    ittha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • arthi -
  • arthin (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    arthin (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    arthī (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    arthī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
    arthī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • caya -
  • caya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    caya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    cay (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
    ci (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • saṃśaya -
  • saṃśaya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • dolā -
  • dolā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • khelanam -
  • khelana (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    khelanā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • khalu -
  • khalu (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    khalu (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    khalu (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    khalu (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • cakāra -
  • cakāra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    kṛ (verb class 1)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    kṛ (verb class 2)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    kṛ (verb class 5)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    kṛ (verb class 8)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    kṛ (verb class 3)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    kṛ (verb class 6)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    kṝ (verb class 5)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    kṝ (verb class 9)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
  • nakāraḥ -
  • nakāra (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Naishadha-charita [Sanskrit] Verse 5.121

Cover of edition (1989)

Philosophical Reflections in the Naisadhacarita
by Harekrishna Meher (1989)

English (Hardcover)

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2016)

The Naisadhiyacarita and Literary Community in South Asia
by Deven M. Patel (2016)

English (Hardcover)

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Cover of edition (2013)

Naishadhiya Charitam of Mahakavi Shri Harsha
by Dr. Devarshi Sanadhya Shastri (2013)

Sanskrit Text with Hindi Translation; Set of 2 Volumes ; Krishnadas Sanskrit Series 52; Includes Jivatu Commentary of Mallinath and Candrika Hindi Commentary

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2015)

Nala and Damayanti
by B.N. Goswamy (2015)

A Great Series of Paintings of An Old Indian Romance; Foreword by Karan Sing.

Buy now!
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