Naishadha-charita [sanskrit]

by K.K. Handiqui | 1965 | 29,064 words

The Sanskrit edition of the Naishadha-charita referencing the English translation and grammatical analysis. The Naishadha-charita is one of the mahakavyas (great epic poems) and deals with the famous story Of Nala and Damayanti, as found in the Mahabharata.

Verse 4.124

श्रीहर्षं कविराजराजिमुकुटालंकारहीरः सुतं श्रीहीरः सुषुबे जितेन्द्रियचयं मामल्लदेवी च यम् ।
तुर्यः स्थैर्यविचारणप्रकरणभ्रातर्ययं तन्महाकाव्येऽत्र व्यगलन्नलस्य चरिते सर्गो निसर्गोज्ज्वलः ॥ १२४ ॥

śrīharṣaṃ kavirājarājimukuṭālaṃkārahīraḥ sutaṃ śrīhīraḥ suṣube jitendriyacayaṃ māmalladevī ca yam |
turyaḥ sthairyavicāraṇaprakaraṇabhrātaryayaṃ tanmahākāvye'tra vyagalannalasya carite sargo nisargojjvalaḥ || 124 ||

The English translation of Naishadha-charita [Sanskrit] Verse 4.124 is contained in the book Naisadhacarita of Sriharsa (An old and Rare Book) by K.K. Handiqui. This book is available online or you could buy the latest edition:

Read online Buy now! The English translation by K.K. Handiqui (1965)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (4.124). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Shriharsha, Kaviraja, Raji, Uksh, Uta, Alankara, Hira, Sut, Suta, Shri, Sushu, Jitendriya, Caya, Mamalladevi, Yah, Turi, Turya, Sthairyavicarana, Prakarana, Bhratri, Aya, Idam, Tanman, Han, Kavya, Kavi, Atra, Vya, Ala, Alasya, Carita, Sarga, Nisarga, Ujjvala,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Naishadha-charita [Sanskrit] Verse 4.124). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “śrīharṣaṃ kavirājarājimukuṭālaṃkārahīraḥ sutaṃ śrīhīraḥ suṣube jitendriyacayaṃ māmalladevī ca yam
  • śrīharṣam -
  • śrīharṣa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
  • kavirāja -
  • kavirāja (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • rājim -
  • rāji (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
    rāji (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • uk -
  • ukṣ (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    ukṣ (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • uṭā -
  • uṭa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • alaṅkāra -
  • alaṅkāra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    alaṅkāra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • hīraḥ -
  • hīra (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • sutam -
  • suta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    suta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    sutā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    sut (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
    su -> suta (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √su class 5 verb]
    su -> suta (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √su class 5 verb], [accusative single from √su class 5 verb]
    -> suta (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √ class 6 verb]
    -> suta (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √ class 6 verb], [accusative single from √ class 6 verb]
    -> suta (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √ class 2 verb]
    -> suta (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √ class 2 verb], [accusative single from √ class 2 verb]
    su (verb class 2)
    [imperative active second dual]
  • śrī -
  • śrī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
    śrī (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
  • hīraḥ -
  • hīra (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • suṣu -
  • suṣū (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    suṣū (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    suṣū (noun, feminine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    (noun, neuter)
    [locative plural]
  • be -
  • ba (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
  • jitendriya -
  • jitendriya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    jitendriya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • cayam -
  • caya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    caya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    cayā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • māmalladevī -
  • māmalladevī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • yam -
  • ya (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
    yaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • Line 2: “turyaḥ sthairyavicāraṇaprakaraṇabhrātaryayaṃ tanmahākāvye'tra vyagalannalasya carite sargo nisargojjvalaḥ
  • turyaḥ -
  • turī (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    turya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • sthairyavicāraṇa -
  • sthairyavicāraṇa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • prakaraṇa -
  • prakaraṇa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • bhrātarya -
  • bhrātṛ (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
  • ayam -
  • aya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    idam (pronoun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • tanma -
  • tanman (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • -
  • (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    han (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • kāvye' -
  • kāvya (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    kāvya (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    kāvyā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    kav -> kāvya (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √kav class 1 verb]
    kav -> kāvya (participle, neuter)
    [nominative dual from √kav class 1 verb], [vocative dual from √kav class 1 verb], [accusative dual from √kav class 1 verb], [locative single from √kav class 1 verb]
    kav -> kāvyā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative dual from √kav class 1 verb], [vocative single from √kav class 1 verb], [vocative dual from √kav class 1 verb], [accusative dual from √kav class 1 verb]
    kāvī (noun, masculine)
    [dative single]
  • atra -
  • atra (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    atra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    atra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • vya -
  • vi (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    vi (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    vi (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    vi (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    ve (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    vya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    vi (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • agalann -
  • gal (verb class 1)
    [imperfect active third plural]
  • alasya -
  • alasya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    alasya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ala (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
  • carite -
  • carita (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    carita (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    caritā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • sargo* -
  • sarga (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • nisargo -
  • nisarga (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • ujjvalaḥ -
  • ujjvala (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Naishadha-charita [Sanskrit] Verse 4.124

Cover of edition (1989)

Philosophical Reflections in the Naisadhacarita
by Harekrishna Meher (1989)

English (Hardcover)

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2016)

The Naisadhiyacarita and Literary Community in South Asia
by Deven M. Patel (2016)

English (Hardcover)

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2013)

Naishadhiya Charitam of Mahakavi Shri Harsha
by Dr. Devarshi Sanadhya Shastri (2013)

Sanskrit Text with Hindi Translation; Set of 2 Volumes ; Krishnadas Sanskrit Series 52; Includes Jivatu Commentary of Mallinath and Candrika Hindi Commentary

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2015)

Nala and Damayanti
by B.N. Goswamy (2015)

A Great Series of Paintings of An Old Indian Romance; Foreword by Karan Sing.

Buy now!
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