Naishadha-charita [sanskrit]

by K.K. Handiqui | 1965 | 29,064 words

The Sanskrit edition of the Naishadha-charita referencing the English translation and grammatical analysis. The Naishadha-charita is one of the mahakavyas (great epic poems) and deals with the famous story Of Nala and Damayanti, as found in the Mahabharata.

Verse 2.105

वैदर्भीकेलिशैले मरकतशिखरादुत्थितैरंशुदर्भैर्ब्रह्माण्डाघातभग्नस्यदजमदतया ह्रीधृतावाङ्मुखत्वैः ।
कस्या नोत्तानगाया दिवि सुरसुरभेरास्यदेशं गताग्रैर्यद्गोग्रासप्रदानव्रतसुकृतमविश्रान्तमुज्जृम्भते स्म ॥ १०५ ॥

vaidarbhīkeliśaile marakataśikharādutthitairaṃśudarbhairbrahmāṇḍāghātabhagnasyadajamadatayā hrīdhṛtāvāṅmukhatvaiḥ |
kasyā nottānagāyā divi surasurabherāsyadeśaṃ gatāgrairyadgogrāsapradānavratasukṛtamaviśrāntamujjṛmbhate sma || 105 ||

The English translation of Naishadha-charita [Sanskrit] Verse 2.105 is contained in the book Naisadhacarita of Sriharsa (An old and Rare Book) by K.K. Handiqui. This book is available online or you could buy the latest edition:

Read online Buy now! The English translation by K.K. Handiqui (1965)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (2.105). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Vaidarbhi, Kelishaila, Marakata, Shikhara, Utthita, Darbha, Brahmanda, Aghata, Bhagna, Jamat, Dhrit, Dhrita, Avanmukha, Tva, Div, Divi, Surasura, Bhera, Sha, Gat, Gata, Agra, Yat, Yad, Gograsa, Pradana, Vrata, Sukrit, Sukrita, Avishranta, Ujjrimbha, Tad, Yushmad, Sma,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Naishadha-charita [Sanskrit] Verse 2.105). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “vaidarbhīkeliśaile marakataśikharādutthitairaṃśudarbhairbrahmāṇḍāghātabhagnasyadajamadatayā hrīdhṛtāvāṅmukhatvaiḥ
  • vaidarbhī -
  • vaidarbhī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
    vaidarbhi (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • keliśaile -
  • keliśaila (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
  • marakata -
  • marakata (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • śikharād -
  • śikhara (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    śikhara (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • utthitair -
  • utthita (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    utthita (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • aṃśu -
  • aṃśu (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
  • darbhair -
  • darbha (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
  • brahmāṇḍā -
  • brahmāṇḍa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • aghāta -
  • aghāta (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • bhagnasya -
  • bhagna (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    bhagna (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
  • da -
  • da (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    da (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • jamad -
  • jamat (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
    jamat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    jam -> jamat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √jam class 1 verb], [vocative single from √jam class 1 verb], [accusative single from √jam class 1 verb]
  • ata -
  • at (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • yā* -
  • (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [accusative plural]
    (pronoun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [accusative plural]
  • hrī -
  • hrī (noun, feminine)
    [compound]
  • dhṛtā -
  • dhṛta (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    dhṛta (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    dhṛt (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    dhṛt (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
    dhṛtā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • avāṅmukha -
  • avāṅmukha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    avāṅmukha (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • tvaiḥ -
  • tva (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    tva (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • Line 2: “kasyā nottānagāyā divi surasurabherāsyadeśaṃ gatāgrairyadgogrāsapradānavratasukṛtamaviśrāntamujjṛmbhate sma
  • kasyā* -
  • (pronoun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • nottā -
  • nud (verb class 6)
    [periphrastic-future active third single]
  • nagāyā -
  • divi -
  • divi (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    divī (noun, feminine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    div (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
  • surasura -
  • surasura (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    surasura (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • bherā -
  • bhera (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • asyade -
  • syad (verb class 1)
    [imperfect middle first single]
  • śam -
  • śa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    śa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • gatā -
  • gata (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    gata (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    gat (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    gat (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
    gatā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • agrair -
  • agra (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    agra (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • yad -
  • yat (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yat (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
    yad (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    yat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    i -> yat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √i class 2 verb], [vocative single from √i class 2 verb], [accusative single from √i class 2 verb]
    yat (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • gogrāsa -
  • gogrāsa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • pradāna -
  • pradāna (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • vrata -
  • vrata (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    vrata (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • sukṛtam -
  • sukṛta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    sukṛta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    sukṛtā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    sukṛt (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • aviśrāntam -
  • aviśrānta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    aviśrānta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    aviśrāntā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • ujjṛmbha -
  • ujjṛmbha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ujjṛmbha (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • te -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [dative single], [genitive single]
  • sma -
  • sma (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    sman (noun, masculine)
    [compound]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Naishadha-charita [Sanskrit] Verse 2.105

Cover of edition (1989)

Philosophical Reflections in the Naisadhacarita
by Harekrishna Meher (1989)

English (Hardcover)

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2016)

The Naisadhiyacarita and Literary Community in South Asia
by Deven M. Patel (2016)

English (Hardcover)

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2013)

Naishadhiya Charitam of Mahakavi Shri Harsha
by Dr. Devarshi Sanadhya Shastri (2013)

Sanskrit Text with Hindi Translation; Set of 2 Volumes ; Krishnadas Sanskrit Series 52; Includes Jivatu Commentary of Mallinath and Candrika Hindi Commentary

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2015)

Nala and Damayanti
by B.N. Goswamy (2015)

A Great Series of Paintings of An Old Indian Romance; Foreword by Karan Sing.

Buy now!
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