Naishadha-charita [sanskrit]

by K.K. Handiqui | 1965 | 29,064 words

The Sanskrit edition of the Naishadha-charita referencing the English translation and grammatical analysis. The Naishadha-charita is one of the mahakavyas (great epic poems) and deals with the famous story Of Nala and Damayanti, as found in the Mahabharata.

Verse 2.49

तदिदं विशदं वचोमृतं परिपीयाभ्युदितं द्विजाधिपात् ।
अतितृप्ततया विनिर्ममे स तदुद्गारमिव स्मितं सितम् ॥ ४९ ॥

tadidaṃ viśadaṃ vacomṛtaṃ paripīyābhyuditaṃ dvijādhipāt |
atitṛptatayā vinirmame sa tadudgāramiva smitaṃ sitam || 49 ||

The English translation of Naishadha-charita [Sanskrit] Verse 2.49 is contained in the book Naisadhacarita of Sriharsa (An old and Rare Book) by K.K. Handiqui. This book is available online or you could buy the latest edition:

Read online Buy now! The English translation by K.K. Handiqui (1965)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (2.49). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Tad, Tat, Idam, Vishadam, Vishada, Vaca, Vacas, Mrita, Pari, Piya, Abhyudita, Dvija, Adhipa, Ati, Triptata, Nirmama, Udgara, Iva, Smita, Sita,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Naishadha-charita [Sanskrit] Verse 2.49). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “tadidaṃ viśadaṃ vacomṛtaṃ paripīyābhyuditaṃ dvijādhipāt
  • tad -
  • tad (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tad (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tat (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • idam -
  • idam (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • viśadam -
  • viśadam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    viśada (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    viśada (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    viśadā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • vaco -
  • vacas (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    vacas (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    vaca (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • mṛtam -
  • mṛta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    mṛta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    mṛtā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    mṛ -> mṛta (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √mṛ class 1 verb], [accusative single from √mṛ class 6 verb]
    mṛ -> mṛta (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √mṛ class 1 verb], [accusative single from √mṛ class 1 verb], [nominative single from √mṛ class 6 verb], [accusative single from √mṛ class 6 verb]
  • pari -
  • pari (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    pari (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    pari (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    pari (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    pari (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    parī (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    parī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
    parī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    pari (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • pīyā -
  • -> pīya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √]
    -> pīya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √]
    -> pīya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √]
    pai -> pīya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √pai]
    pi -> pīya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √pi]
    -> pīya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √]
    -> pīya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √]
    -> pīya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √]
    -> pīya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √]
    pīya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    pīya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    (verb class 4)
    [imperative active second single]
    pīy (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • abhyuditam -
  • abhyudita (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    abhyudita (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    abhyuditā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • dvijā -
  • dvija (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    dvija (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    dvijā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • adhipāt -
  • adhipa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • Line 2: “atitṛptatayā vinirmame sa tadudgāramiva smitaṃ sitam
  • ati -
  • ati (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    ati (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • tṛptatayā -
  • tṛptatā (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental single]
  • vi -
  • vi (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    vi (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    vi (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    vi (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    ve (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • nirmame -
  • nirmama (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    nirmama (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    nirmamā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • sa -
  • sa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • tad -
  • tad (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tad (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tat (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • udgāram -
  • udgāra (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
  • iva -
  • iva (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    iva (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • smitam -
  • smita (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    smita (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    smitā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    smi -> smita (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √smi class 1 verb]
    smi -> smita (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √smi class 1 verb], [accusative single from √smi class 1 verb]
  • sitam -
  • sita (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    sita (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    sitā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    -> sita (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √ class 4 verb]
    -> sita (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √ class 4 verb], [accusative single from √ class 4 verb]
    si -> sita (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √si class 5 verb], [accusative single from √si class 9 verb]
    si -> sita (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √si class 5 verb], [accusative single from √si class 5 verb], [nominative single from √si class 9 verb], [accusative single from √si class 9 verb]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Naishadha-charita [Sanskrit] Verse 2.49

Cover of edition (1989)

Philosophical Reflections in the Naisadhacarita
by Harekrishna Meher (1989)

English (Hardcover)

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2016)

The Naisadhiyacarita and Literary Community in South Asia
by Deven M. Patel (2016)

English (Hardcover)

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2013)

Naishadhiya Charitam of Mahakavi Shri Harsha
by Dr. Devarshi Sanadhya Shastri (2013)

Sanskrit Text with Hindi Translation; Set of 2 Volumes ; Krishnadas Sanskrit Series 52; Includes Jivatu Commentary of Mallinath and Candrika Hindi Commentary

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2015)

Nala and Damayanti
by B.N. Goswamy (2015)

A Great Series of Paintings of An Old Indian Romance; Foreword by Karan Sing.

Buy now!
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