Naishadha-charita [sanskrit]

by K.K. Handiqui | 1965 | 29,064 words

The Sanskrit edition of the Naishadha-charita referencing the English translation and grammatical analysis. The Naishadha-charita is one of the mahakavyas (great epic poems) and deals with the famous story Of Nala and Damayanti, as found in the Mahabharata.

Verse 2.33

भजते खलु षण्मुखं शिखी चिकुरैर्निर्मितबर्हगर्हणः ।
अपि जम्भरिपुं दमस्वसुर्जितकुम्भः कुचशोभयेभराट् ॥ ३३ ॥

bhajate khalu ṣaṇmukhaṃ śikhī cikurairnirmitabarhagarhaṇaḥ |
api jambharipuṃ damasvasurjitakumbhaḥ kucaśobhayebharāṭ || 33 ||

The English translation of Naishadha-charita [Sanskrit] Verse 2.33 is contained in the book Naisadhacarita of Sriharsa (An old and Rare Book) by K.K. Handiqui. This book is available online or you could buy the latest edition:

Read online Buy now! The English translation by K.K. Handiqui (1965)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (2.33). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Khalu, Shanmukha, Shikhi, Shikhin, Cikura, Nirmita, Barha, Garhana, Api, Jambha, Ripu, Damasvasri, Jita, Kumbha, Kuca, Bha, Raj,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Naishadha-charita [Sanskrit] Verse 2.33). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “bhajate khalu ṣaṇmukhaṃ śikhī cikurairnirmitabarhagarhaṇaḥ
  • bhajate -
  • bhaj (verb class 1)
    [present middle third single]
  • khalu -
  • khalu (indeclinable)
    khalu (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    khalu (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    khalu (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • ṣaṇmukham -
  • ṣaṇmukha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ṣaṇmukha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    ṣaṇmukhā (noun, feminine)
  • śikhī -
  • śikhī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
    śikhi (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    śikhin (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • cikurair -
  • cikura (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    cikura (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • nirmita -
  • nirmita (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    nirmita (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • barha -
  • barha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    barha (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    barh (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • garhaṇaḥ -
  • garhaṇa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “api jambharipuṃ damasvasurjitakumbhaḥ kucaśobhayebharāṭ
  • api -
  • api (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    ap (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
    api (Preverb)
  • jambha -
  • jambha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    jambh (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • ripum -
  • ripu (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
    ripu (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • damasvasur -
  • damasvasṛ (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • jita -
  • jita (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    jita (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ji -> jita (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √ji class 1 verb], [vocative single from √ji class 9 verb]
    ji -> jita (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √ji class 1 verb], [vocative single from √ji class 9 verb]
  • kumbhaḥ -
  • kumbha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • kuca -
  • kuca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    kuc (verb class 6)
    [imperative active second single]
  • śobhaye -
  • śubh (verb class 0)
    [present middle first single]
  • bha -
  • bha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    bha (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • rāṭ -
  • rāj (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    rāj (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Naishadha-charita [Sanskrit] Verse 2.33

Cover of edition (1989)

Philosophical Reflections in the Naisadhacarita
by Harekrishna Meher (1989)

English (Hardcover)

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Cover of edition (2016)

The Naisadhiyacarita and Literary Community in South Asia
by Deven M. Patel (2016)

English (Hardcover)

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Cover of edition (2013)

Naishadhiya Charitam of Mahakavi Shri Harsha
by Dr. Devarshi Sanadhya Shastri (2013)

Sanskrit Text with Hindi Translation; Set of 2 Volumes ; Krishnadas Sanskrit Series 52; Includes Jivatu Commentary of Mallinath and Candrika Hindi Commentary

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Cover of edition (2015)

Nala and Damayanti
by B.N. Goswamy (2015)

A Great Series of Paintings of An Old Indian Romance; Foreword by Karan Sing.

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