Naishadha-charita [sanskrit]

by K.K. Handiqui | 1965 | 29,064 words

The Sanskrit edition of the Naishadha-charita referencing the English translation and grammatical analysis. The Naishadha-charita is one of the mahakavyas (great epic poems) and deals with the famous story Of Nala and Damayanti, as found in the Mahabharata.

Verse 2.20

चिकुरप्रकरा जयन्ति ते विदुषी मूर्धनि सा बिभर्ति यान् ।
पशुनाप्यपुरस्कृतेन तत्तुलनामिच्छतु चामरेण कः ॥ २० ॥

cikuraprakarā jayanti te viduṣī mūrdhani sā bibharti yān |
paśunāpyapuraskṛtena tattulanāmicchatu cāmareṇa kaḥ || 20 ||

The English translation of Naishadha-charita [Sanskrit] Verse 2.20 is contained in the book Naisadhacarita of Sriharsa (An old and Rare Book) by K.K. Handiqui. This book is available online or you could buy the latest edition:

Read online Buy now! The English translation by K.K. Handiqui (1965)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (2.20). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Cikura, Prakara, Jayanti, Jayat, Tad, Yushmad, Vidushi, Vidus, Vidvas, Murdhan, Murdhani, Yat, Yah, Pashu, Apya, Puraskrita, Tat, Tulana, Camara, Kah,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Naishadha-charita [Sanskrit] Verse 2.20). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “cikuraprakarā jayanti te viduṣī mūrdhani bibharti yān
  • cikura -
  • cikura (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    cikura (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • prakarā* -
  • prakara (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • jayanti -
  • jayantī (noun, feminine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    jayat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    ji -> jayat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative plural from √ji class 1 verb], [vocative plural from √ji class 1 verb], [accusative plural from √ji class 1 verb]
    ji -> jayantī (participle, feminine)
    [vocative single from √ji class 1 verb]
    ji (verb class 1)
    [present active third plural]
  • te -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [dative single], [genitive single]
  • viduṣī -
  • viduṣī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
    vidus (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    vidvas (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    vid -> vidvas (participle, neuter)
    [nominative dual from √vid class 2 verb], [vocative dual from √vid class 2 verb], [accusative dual from √vid class 2 verb]
    vid -> viduṣī (participle, feminine)
    [nominative single from √vid class 2 verb]
  • mūrdhani -
  • mūrdhanī (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    mūrdhanī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
    mūrdhanī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    mūrdhan (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
  • sā* -
  • so (noun, feminine)
    [accusative plural]
  • bibharti -
  • bhṛ (verb class 3)
    [present active third single]
  • yān -
  • yat (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    yāt (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single], [vocative single]
    ya (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
    yaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • Line 2: “paśunāpyapuraskṛtena tattulanāmicchatu cāmareṇa kaḥ
  • paśunā -
  • paśu (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    paśū (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • apya -
  • apya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • puraskṛtena -
  • puraskṛta (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    puraskṛta (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • tat -
  • tat (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • tulanām -
  • tulanā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • icchatu -
  • iṣ (verb class 6)
    [imperative active third single]
  • cāmareṇa -
  • cāmara (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    cāmara (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • kaḥ -
  • kaḥ (indeclinable interrogative)
    [indeclinable interrogative]
    ka (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    kaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [nominative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Naishadha-charita [Sanskrit] Verse 2.20

Cover of edition (1989)

Philosophical Reflections in the Naisadhacarita
by Harekrishna Meher (1989)

English (Hardcover)

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Cover of edition (2016)

The Naisadhiyacarita and Literary Community in South Asia
by Deven M. Patel (2016)

English (Hardcover)

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Cover of edition (2013)

Naishadhiya Charitam of Mahakavi Shri Harsha
by Dr. Devarshi Sanadhya Shastri (2013)

Sanskrit Text with Hindi Translation; Set of 2 Volumes ; Krishnadas Sanskrit Series 52; Includes Jivatu Commentary of Mallinath and Candrika Hindi Commentary

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2015)

Nala and Damayanti
by B.N. Goswamy (2015)

A Great Series of Paintings of An Old Indian Romance; Foreword by Karan Sing.

Buy now!
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