Naishadha-charita [sanskrit]

by K.K. Handiqui | 1965 | 29,064 words

The Sanskrit edition of the Naishadha-charita referencing the English translation and grammatical analysis. The Naishadha-charita is one of the mahakavyas (great epic poems) and deals with the famous story Of Nala and Damayanti, as found in the Mahabharata.

Verse 1.30

न का निशि स्वप्नगतं ददर्श तं जगाद गोत्रस्खलिते च का न तम् ।
तदात्मताध्यातधवा रते च का चकार वा न स्वमनोभवोद्भवम् ॥ ३० ॥

na kā niśi svapnagataṃ dadarśa taṃ jagāda gotraskhalite ca kā na tam |
tadātmatādhyātadhavā rate ca kā cakāra vā na svamanobhavodbhavam || 30 ||

The English translation of Naishadha-charita [Sanskrit] Verse 1.30 is contained in the book Naisadhacarita of Sriharsa (An old and Rare Book) by K.K. Handiqui. This book is available online or you could buy the latest edition:

Read online Buy now! The English translation by K.K. Handiqui (1965)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.30). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Nish, Nishi, Svapnagata, Gotraskhalita, Tada, Mata, Dhava, Rata, Rati, Cakara, Var, Svamat, Bhavodbhava,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Naishadha-charita [Sanskrit] Verse 1.30). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “na niśi svapnagataṃ dadarśa taṃ jagāda gotraskhalite ca na tam
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • kā* -
  • kās (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    (pronoun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [accusative plural]
  • niśi -
  • niśi (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    niśi (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    niśi (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    niś (noun, feminine)
    [locative single]
  • svapnagatam -
  • svapnagata (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    svapnagata (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    svapnagatā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • dadarśa -
  • dṛś (verb class 1)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
  • tam -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    tan (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • jagāda -
  • gad (verb class 1)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
  • gotraskhalite -
  • gotraskhalita (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    gotraskhalita (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • kā* -
  • kās (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    (pronoun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [accusative plural]
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • tam -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    tan (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • Line 2: “tadātmatādhyātadhavā rate ca cakāra na svamanobhavodbhavam
  • tadāt -
  • tada (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    tada (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • matā -
  • mata (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    mata (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    matā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    man -> mata (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √man class 4 verb], [vocative single from √man class 8 verb]
    man -> mata (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √man class 4 verb], [vocative single from √man class 8 verb]
    man -> matā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative single from √man class 4 verb], [nominative single from √man class 8 verb]
  • adhyāta -
  • dhyā (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active second plural]
  • dhavā* -
  • dhava (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • rate -
  • rata (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    rata (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    ratā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    rati (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
    ram -> rata (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √ram class 1 verb]
    ram -> rata (participle, neuter)
    [nominative dual from √ram class 1 verb], [vocative dual from √ram class 1 verb], [accusative dual from √ram class 1 verb], [locative single from √ram class 1 verb]
    ram -> ratā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative dual from √ram class 1 verb], [vocative single from √ram class 1 verb], [vocative dual from √ram class 1 verb], [accusative dual from √ram class 1 verb]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • -
  • (indeclinable interrogative)
    [indeclinable interrogative]
    (pronoun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • cakāra -
  • cakāra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    kṛ (verb class 1)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    kṛ (verb class 2)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    kṛ (verb class 5)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    kṛ (verb class 8)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    kṛ (verb class 3)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    kṛ (verb class 6)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    kṝ (verb class 5)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    kṝ (verb class 9)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
  • vā* -
  • vār (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    vār (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    va (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • svaman -
  • svamat (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
  • o -
  • o (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
    a (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    u (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
    (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
  • bhavodbhavam -
  • bhavodbhava (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Naishadha-charita [Sanskrit] Verse 1.30

Cover of edition (1989)

Philosophical Reflections in the Naisadhacarita
by Harekrishna Meher (1989)

English (Hardcover)

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Cover of edition (2016)

The Naisadhiyacarita and Literary Community in South Asia
by Deven M. Patel (2016)

English (Hardcover)

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Cover of edition (2013)

Naishadhiya Charitam of Mahakavi Shri Harsha
by Dr. Devarshi Sanadhya Shastri (2013)

Sanskrit Text with Hindi Translation; Set of 2 Volumes ; Krishnadas Sanskrit Series 52; Includes Jivatu Commentary of Mallinath and Candrika Hindi Commentary

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2015)

Nala and Damayanti
by B.N. Goswamy (2015)

A Great Series of Paintings of An Old Indian Romance; Foreword by Karan Sing.

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