by Ganganatha Jha | 1920 | 1,381,940 words | ISBN-10: 8120811550
This is the English translation of the Manusmriti, which is a collection of Sanskrit verses dealing with ‘Dharma’, a collective name for human purpose, their duties and the law. Various topics will be dealt with, but this volume of the series includes 12 discourses (adhyaya). The commentary on this text by Medhatithi elaborately explains various t...
Sanskrit text, Unicode transliteration and English translation by Ganganath Jha:
देवत्वं सात्त्विका यान्ति मनुष्यत्वं च राजसाः ।
तिर्यक्त्वं तामसा नित्यमित्येषा त्रिविधा गतिः ॥ ४० ॥
devatvaṃ sāttvikā yānti manuṣyatvaṃ ca rājasāḥ |
tiryaktvaṃ tāmasā nityamityeṣā trividhā gatiḥ || 40 ||
Those partaking of ‘Sattva’ reach the state of the gods, those endowed with ‘Rajas,’ the state of men, and those characterised by ‘Tamas,’ the state of beasts; such is the threefold migratory state.—(40)
Medhātithi’s commentary (manubhāṣya):
This verse indicates in general the states of existence brought about by the three qualities.—(40)
Explanatory notes by Ganganath Jha
This verse is quoted in Madanapārijāta (p. 698);—in Parāśaramādhava (Prayaścitta, p. 488);—and in Nṛsiṃhaprasāda (Prāyaścitta 41a.)
Comparative notes by various authors
See Comparative notes for Verse 12.32.