Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi

by Ganganatha Jha | 1920 | 1,381,940 words | ISBN-10: 8120811550 | ISBN-13: 9788120811553

This is the English translation of the Manusmriti, which is a collection of Sanskrit verses dealing with ‘Dharma’, a collective name for human purpose, their duties and the law. Various topics will be dealt with, but this volume of the series includes 12 discourses (adhyaya). The commentary on this text by Medhatithi elaborately explains various t...

Sanskrit text, Unicode transliteration and English translation by Ganganath Jha:

अनार्यता निष्ठुरता क्रूरता निष्क्रियात्मता ।
पुरुषं व्यञ्जयन्तीह लोके कलुषयोनिजम् ॥ ५८ ॥

anāryatā niṣṭhuratā krūratā niṣkriyātmatā |
puruṣaṃ vyañjayantīha loke kaluṣayonijam || 58 ||

Snobbishness, harshness, cruelty, and proneness to neglect duties, mark the man of impure origin in this world.—(58)


Medhātithi’s commentary (manubhāṣya):

That man is called a ‘snob’ in whose character jealousy and envy form the predominant features, who is entirely selfish; and he is called ‘cruel’ when he is addicted to greed and injuring others.

Neglect of duties’—omission of prescribed duties. These characteristics betray the man of low origin.—(58)


Comparative notes by various authors

(verses 10.57-61)

See Comparative notes for Verse 10.57.

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