Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi

by Ganganatha Jha | 1920 | 1,381,940 words | ISBN-10: 8120811550 | ISBN-13: 9788120811553

This is the English translation of the Manusmriti, which is a collection of Sanskrit verses dealing with ‘Dharma’, a collective name for human purpose, their duties and the law. Various topics will be dealt with, but this volume of the series includes 12 discourses (adhyaya). The commentary on this text by Medhatithi elaborately explains various t...

Sanskrit text, Unicode transliteration and English translation by Ganganath Jha:

ततो भुक्तवतां तेषामन्नशेषं निवेदयेत् ।
यथा ब्रूयुस्तथा कुर्यादनुज्ञातस्ततो द्विजैः ॥ २५३ ॥

tato bhuktavatāṃ teṣāmannaśeṣaṃ nivedayet |
yathā brūyustathā kuryādanujñātastato dvijaiḥ || 253 ||

He shall then inform them of the food that may be left after they have eaten; being permitted by the Brāhmaṇas he shall do as they tell him.—(253)


Medhātithi’s commentary (manubhāṣya):

They shall be informed of the food that has been eaten; they should be told—‘here is this.’ ‘Being permitted by them, he shall do as they tell him,’ that is, without their permission he shall not make any other use of the food.—(253)


Explanatory notes by Ganganath Jha

This verse is quoted in Aparārka (p. 504), which adds that ‘if the Brāhmaṇas so wish, the food should be sent over to their house; or if they permit him to eat it, along with his relations, this may be done.’


Comparative notes by various authors

Śaunaka (Aparārka, p. 503).—‘Having seen that the Brāhmaṇas are satisfied,...... he shall keep some food for the sake of the ball-offerings, and offer the rest to the Brāhmaṇas, or use it according to their instructions.’

Āśvalāyana-Gṛhyasūtra (4.8.11).—‘Having enquired if all was complete, he shall keep, for the Sthālīpāka and the Piṇḍa offerings, everything that may have been used, and what remains he shall present (to the Brāhmaṇas).’

Yājñavalkya (1.242).—In regard to the remnants, he should ascertain their wishes.’

Laghu-Āśvalāyana (23.70).—‘Everything having been completed, he shall ask them ‘what is to he done with the remnants?’—On being permitted by them, he shall eat it, along with his friends.’

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