Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi

by Ganganatha Jha | 1920 | 1,381,940 words | ISBN-10: 8120811550

This is the English translation of the Manusmriti, which is a collection of Sanskrit verses dealing with ‘Dharma’, a collective name for human purpose, their duties and the law. Various topics will be dealt with, but this volume of the series includes 12 discourses (adhyaya). The commentary on this text by Medhatithi elaborately explains various t...

Sanskrit text, Unicode transliteration and English translation by Ganganath Jha:

अभिवादनशीलस्य नित्यं वृद्धोपसेविनः ।
चत्वारि तस्य वर्धन्ते आयुर्धर्मो यशो बलम् ॥ १२१ ॥

abhivādanaśīlasya nityaṃ vṛddhopasevinaḥ |
catvāri tasya vardhante āyurdharmo yaśo balam || 121 ||

For one who is in the habit of saluting and constantly revering elders,—four things prosper: viz., longevity, merit, fame and strength.—(121)


Medhātithi’s commentary (manubhāṣya):

The ‘habit of saluting’ stands, not only for the uttering of words of salute, but for the act of addressing all men with respect and in the proper manner. The term ‘habit’ indicates that the man does it without any personal motive at all.

Constantly reveres elders’—by talking agreeably, and also attends upon them with such service as he can render.

For him four things prosperlongevity, merit’—which is the tree that hears fruit in the other world, in the shape of Heaven,—‘fame and strength’—as described above.

Though this verse is purely valedictory, yet it serves to afford some idea as to the effects that ensue.—(121)


Explanatory notes by Ganganath Jha

This verse is quoted in Vīramitrodaya, (Saṃskāra, p. 460);—in Vidhānapārijāta (p. 501) as describing the reward for saluting one’s superiors;—in Parāśaramādhava (Ācāra, p. 306) as eulogising the act of saluting one’s superiors;—and in Smṛticandrikā (Saṃskāra, p. 97).


Comparative notes by various authors

Āpastamba-Dharmasūtra (1.5.15).—‘Desiring Heaven and Longevity (one should salute the Teacher).’

Baudhāyana-Dharmasūtra (1.2.26).—‘Desiring Heaven and Longevity, one should grasp his right foot with the right hand and the left foot with the left.’

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