Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi

by Ganganatha Jha | 1920 | 1,381,940 words | ISBN-10: 8120811550

This is the English translation of the Manusmriti, which is a collection of Sanskrit verses dealing with ‘Dharma’, a collective name for human purpose, their duties and the law. Various topics will be dealt with, but this volume of the series includes 12 discourses (adhyaya). The commentary on this text by Medhatithi elaborately explains various t...

Sanskrit text, Unicode transliteration and English translation by Ganganath Jha:

ऊर्ध्वं प्राणा ह्युत्क्रमन्ति यूनः स्थविर आयति ।
प्रत्युत्थानाभिवादाभ्यां पुनस्तान् प्रतिपद्यते ॥ १२० ॥

ūrdhvaṃ prāṇā hyutkramanti yūnaḥ sthavira āyati |
pratyutthānābhivādābhyāṃ punastān pratipadyate || 120 ||

On the elder approaching, the vital breaths of the younger rush outward; and he recovers them by the acts of rising to meet and salute him.—(120)

 

Medhātithi’s commentary (manubhāṣya):

This verse is commendatory to what has gone before.

On the elder’—the person of higher age—‘approaching’—coming up,—‘the vital breaths’—the sources of life, the inner airs—‘of the younger’—‘rush outward’—move out; i.e., giving up their functions, they intend to cut off his life.

When however he rises to meek him and salutes him, the breaths proceed, as before, to sustain his life.

Recovers’—becomes resuscitated.—(120)

 

Explanatory notes by Ganganath Jha

This verse is quoted in Vīramitrodaya (Saṃskāra, p. 460);—again in the same work (Ācāra, p. 150), where ‘Āyāti’ is explained as ‘āyocchati’;—and in Smṛticandrikā (Saṃskāra, p. 97), as laying down that before saluting one should rise.

 

Comparative notes by various authors

Vaśiṣṭha-smṛti (13.13).—‘The Priest, the Father-in-law, the paternal uncle, the maternal uncle—those not junior in age;—these he shall salute after standing to receive them.’ Āpastamba, (Parāśaramādhava, p. 297)—[reproduces Manu].

Mahābhārata (13.104.64-65).—(same as Manu).

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