Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi

by Ganganatha Jha | 1920 | 1,381,940 words | ISBN-10: 8120811550

This is the English translation of the Manusmriti, which is a collection of Sanskrit verses dealing with ‘Dharma’, a collective name for human purpose, their duties and the law. Various topics will be dealt with, but this volume of the series includes 12 discourses (adhyaya). The commentary on this text by Medhatithi elaborately explains various t...

Verse 1.13 [Creation of Heaven and Earth]

Sanskrit text, Unicode transliteration and English translation by Ganganath Jha:

ताभ्यां स शकलाभ्यां च दिवं भूमिं च निर्ममे ।
मध्ये व्योम दिशश्चाष्टावपां स्थानं च शाश्वतम् ॥ १३ ॥

tābhyāṃ sa śakalābhyāṃ ca divaṃ bhūmiṃ ca nirmame |
madhye vyoma diśaścāṣṭāvapāṃ sthānaṃ ca śāśvatam
|| 13 ||

Out of those two pieces (of the egg) he formed Heaven and Earth, and, between them, the Ākāśa, the eight quarters and the eternal receptacle of water.—(13)


Medhātithi’s commentary (manubhāṣya):

Two pieces’—the two halves of the egg-shell; out of these two pieces of the egg-shell,—‘he formed,’ produced,—‘and Earth’; the lower half being earth [and the upper half Heaven];—‘between them Ākāśa,’ empty space,—‘the eight quarters,’ the East and the rest, along with the intermediate points of the South-East, etc.;—‘the receptacle of water’—(1) in the atmosphere, (2) the Ocean and (3) the Ākāśa within the Earth and the Nether Regions.—(13)

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