Mandukya Upanishad (Madhva commentary)

by Srisa Chandra Vasu | 1909 | 15,464 words | ISBN-13: 9789332869165

The English translation of the Mandukya Upanishad including the commentary of Madhva called the Bhasya. The describe the secret meaning of Om as the four names and aspects of the Lord (Vishva, Taijasa, Prajna and Turiya). This Upanishad is associated with the Atharva Veda and contains tweelve verses although Madhva reads the Gaudapada’s Karikas as ...

1. (U8) He this Ātman is the Supreme and Imperishable, and called Om. His every part is of surpassing excellence. His portions are called.measures and His measures are portions. These are the syllable “A”, “U” and “M”.—26.


[Note.—Adhyakṣaram (Adhyakṣara)—that which surpasses (adhi) all, and is imperishable, the Supreme and Imperishable]

[Note.—Oṅkāraḥ (Oṅkāra)—designated by Om: Om the Maker, The sound Om]

[Note.—Adhimātram (Adhimātra)—numerous (adhi), parts or mātrās; whose parts are all infinite and excellent, and full (adhi). Whose every portion is an infinity.]

Madhva’s commentary called the Bhāṣya:

The word adhyakṣara [adhi-akṣaram] means He who surpasses (adhi) all and is great in every respect, and who is Imperishable (akṣara): Or the most Excellent and Imperishable. The word adhimātra means he whose mātrās on parts are excellent (adhi); or he whose every portion is an infinity. (For every part of the infinite must be infinite). This Infinite is called Om: which is made up of three sounds, the sound “a”, “u”, and “m”. He is called “akāra [akāraḥ]” because he is symbolised by the letter “a”, i.e., “a” is His name.

Note.—This and the last khaṇḍa eulogise the Prāṇava. In the previous two khaṇḍas have been shown the fourfold aspect of the Lord as Viśva, Taijasa, Prājña and Turīya and the four-fold syllables of Oṅkāra, namely “a”, “u”, “m” and the nāda. This Upaniṣad verse declares first the threefold Prāṇava, A. U. M.

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