Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 7.9.14

ववर्ष शरवर्षाणि वर्षाणि मघवानिव ।
इषुसंबाधमाकाशं कुर्वन्कपिवरध्वजः ।
अवस्फूर्जन्दिशः सर्वास्तलनेमिस्वनेन च ॥ १४ ॥

vavarṣa śaravarṣāṇi varṣāṇi maghavāniva |
iṣusaṃbādhamākāśaṃ kurvankapivaradhvajaḥ |
avasphūrjandiśaḥ sarvāstalanemisvanena ca || 14 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...brave combatants of my army surrounded that Bhimasena as he rushed upon my host? When that car-warrior of exceeding energy, viz., Vibhatsu, looking like a mass of clouds, came...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (7.9.14). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Sharavarsha, Varsha, Maghavan, Sambadha, Akasha, Kurvat, Kapi, Vara, Dhvaja, Ava, Sphurjat, Dishas, Dish, Disha, Saru, Sarva, Talat, Svana,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 7.9.14). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “vavarṣa śaravarṣāṇi varṣāṇi maghavāniva
  • vavarṣa -
  • vṛṣ (verb class 1)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
  • śaravarṣāṇi -
  • śaravarṣa (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • varṣāṇi -
  • varṣa (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    vṛṣ (verb class 1)
    [imperative active first single]
  • maghavāni -
  • maghavan (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • va -
  • va (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    va (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • Line 2: “iṣusaṃbādhamākāśaṃ kurvankapivaradhvajaḥ
  • iṣu -
  • iṣu (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    i (noun, masculine)
    [locative plural]
  • sambādham -
  • sambādha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    sambādha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    sambādhā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • ākāśam -
  • ākāśa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ākāśa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • kurvan -
  • kurvat (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single], [vocative single]
    kṛ -> kurvat (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √kṛ class 8 verb], [vocative single from √kṛ class 8 verb]
  • kapi -
  • kapi (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    kapī (noun, feminine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
  • vara -
  • vara (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    vara (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    vṛ (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • dhvajaḥ -
  • dhvaja (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 3: “avasphūrjandiśaḥ sarvāstalanemisvanena ca
  • ava -
  • ava (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    o (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
    av (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
    u (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • sphūrjan -
  • sphūrjā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    sphūrj -> sphūrjat (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √sphūrj class 1 verb], [vocative single from √sphūrj class 1 verb]
  • diśaḥ -
  • diśas (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    diś (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    diśa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • sarvās -
  • saru (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    sarva (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    sarvā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • talan -
  • tal -> talat (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √tal class 1 verb], [vocative single from √tal class 1 verb]
  • emi -
  • i (verb class 2)
    [present active first single]
  • svanena -
  • svana (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    svana (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 7.9.14

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 7.9.14 in Kannada sript:
ವವರ್ಷ ಶರವರ್ಷಾಣಿ ವರ್ಷಾಣಿ ಮಘವಾನಿವ ।
ಇಷುಸಂಬಾಧಮಾಕಾಶಂ ಕುರ್ವನ್ಕಪಿವರಧ್ವಜಃ ।
ಅವಸ್ಫೂರ್ಜನ್ದಿಶಃ ಸರ್ವಾಸ್ತಲನೇಮಿಸ್ವನೇನ ಚ ॥ ೧೪ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 7.9.14 in Bengali sript:
ববর্ষ শরবর্ষাণি বর্ষাণি মঘবানিব ।
ইষুসংবাধমাকাশং কুর্বন্কপিবরধ্বজঃ ।
অবস্ফূর্জন্দিশঃ সর্বাস্তলনেমিস্বনেন চ ॥ ১৪ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 7.9.14 in Gujarati sript:
વવર્ષ શરવર્ષાણિ વર્ષાણિ મઘવાનિવ ।
ઇષુસંબાધમાકાશં કુર્વન્કપિવરધ્વજઃ ।
અવસ્ફૂર્જન્દિશઃ સર્વાસ્તલનેમિસ્વનેન ચ ॥ ૧૪ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 7.9.14 in Malayalam sript:
വവര്ഷ ശരവര്ഷാണി വര്ഷാണി മഘവാനിവ ।
ഇഷുസംബാധമാകാശം കുര്വന്കപിവരധ്വജഃ ।
അവസ്ഫൂര്ജന്ദിശഃ സര്വാസ്തലനേമിസ്വനേന ച ॥ ൧൪ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 7.9.14 in Telugu sript:
వవర్ష శరవర్షాణి వర్షాణి మఘవానివ ।
ఇషుసంబాధమాకాశం కుర్వన్కపివరధ్వజః ।
అవస్ఫూర్జన్దిశః సర్వాస్తలనేమిస్వనేన చ ॥ ౧౪ ॥

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