Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

vaiśaṃpāyana uvāca |
evaṃ pṛṣṭvā sūtaputraṃ hṛcchokenārdito bhṛśam |
jaye nirāśaḥ putrāṇāṃ dhṛtarāṣṭro'patatkṣitau || 1 ||
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taṃ visaṃjñaṃ nipatitaṃ siṣicuḥ paricārakāḥ |
jalenātyarthaśītena vījantaḥ puṇyagandhinā || 2 ||
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patitaṃ cainamājñāya samantādbharatastriyaḥ |
parivavrurmahārājamaspṛśaṃścaiva pāṇibhiḥ || 3 ||
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utthāpya cainaṃ śanakai rājānaṃ pṛthivītalāt |
āsanaṃ prāpayāmāsurbāṣpakaṇṭhyo varāṅganāḥ || 4 ||
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āsanaṃ prāpya rājā tu mūrchayābhipariplutaḥ |
niśceṣṭo'tiṣṭhata tadā vījyamānaḥ samantataḥ || 5 ||
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sa labdhvā śanakaiḥ saṃjñāṃ vepamāno mahīpatiḥ |
punargāvalgaṇiṃ sūtaṃ paryapṛcchadyathātatham || 6 ||
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yattadudyannivādityo jyotiṣā praṇudaṃstamaḥ |
āyādajātaśatrurvai kastaṃ droṇādavārayat || 7 ||
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prabhinnamiva mātaṅgaṃ tathā kruddhaṃ tarasvinam |
āsaktamanasaṃ dīptaṃ pratidviradaghātinam |
vāśitāsaṃgame yadvadajayyaṃ pratiyūthapaiḥ || 8 ||
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ati cānyānraṇe yodhānvīraḥ puruṣasattamaḥ |
yo hyeko hi mahābāhurnirdahedghoracakṣuṣā |
kṛtsnaṃ duryodhanabalaṃ dhṛtimānsatyasaṃgaraḥ || 9 ||
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cakṣurhaṇaṃ jaye saktamiṣvāsavararakṣitam |
dāntaṃ bahumataṃ loke ke śūrāḥ paryavārayan || 10 ||
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ke duṣpradharṣaṃ rājānamiṣvāsavaramacyutam |
samāsedurnaravyāghraṃ kaunteyaṃ tatra māmakāḥ || 11 ||
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tarasaivābhipatyātha yo vai droṇamupādravat |
taṃ bhīmasenamāyāntaṃ ke śūrāḥ paryavārayan || 12 ||
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yadāyājjaladaprakhyo rathaḥ paramavīryavān |
parjanya iva bībhatsustumulāmaśaniṃ sṛjan || 13 ||
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vavarṣa śaravarṣāṇi varṣāṇi maghavāniva |
iṣusaṃbādhamākāśaṃ kurvankapivaradhvajaḥ |
avasphūrjandiśaḥ sarvāstalanemisvanena ca || 14 ||
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cāpavidyutprabho ghoro rathagulmabalāhakaḥ |
rathanemighoṣastanitaḥ śaraśabdātibandhuraḥ || 15 ||
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roṣanirjitajīmūto mano'bhiprāyaśīghragaḥ |
marmātigo bāṇadhārastumulaḥ śoṇitodakaḥ || 16 ||
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saṃplāvayanmahīṃ sarvāṃ mānavairāstaraṃstadā |
gadāniṣṭanito raudro duryodhanakṛtodyamaḥ || 17 ||
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yuddhe'bhyaṣiñcadvijayo gārdhrapatraiḥ śilāśitaiḥ |
gāṇḍīvaṃ dhārayandhīmānkīdṛśaṃ vo manastadā || 18 ||
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kaccidgāṇḍīvaśabdena na praṇaśyata vai balam |
yadvaḥ sa bhairavaṃ kurvannarjuno bhṛśamabhyagāt || 19 ||
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kaccinnāpānudaddroṇādiṣubhirvo dhanaṃjayaḥ |
vāto meghānivāvidhyanpravāñśaravanānilaḥ |
ko hi gāṇḍīvadhanvānaṃ naraḥ soḍhuṃ raṇe'rhati || 20 ||
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yatsenāḥ samakampanta yadvīrānaspṛśadbhayam |
ke tatra nājahurdroṇaṃ ke kṣudrāḥ prādravanbhayāt || 21 ||
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ke vā tatra tanūstyaktvā pratīpaṃ mṛtyumāvrajan |
amānuṣāṇāṃ jetāraṃ yuddheṣvapi dhanaṃjayam || 22 ||
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na ca vegaṃ sitāśvasya viśakṣyantīha māmakāḥ |
gāṇḍīvasya ca nirghoṣaṃ prāvṛḍjaladanisvanam || 23 ||
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viṣvakseno yasya yantā yoddhā caiva dhanaṃjayaḥ |
aśakyaḥ sa ratho jetuṃ manye devāsurairapi || 24 ||
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sukumāro yuvā śūro darśanīyaśca pāṇḍavaḥ |
medhāvī nipuṇo dhīmānyudhi satyaparākramaḥ || 25 ||
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ārāvaṃ vipulaṃ kurvanvyathayansarvakauravān |
yadāyānnakulo dhīmānke śūrāḥ paryavārayan || 26 ||
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āśīviṣa iva kruddhaḥ sahadevo yadābhyayāt |
śatrūṇāṃ kadanaṃ kurvañjetāsau durjayo yudhi || 27 ||
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āryavratamamogheṣuṃ hrīmantamaparājitam |
droṇāyābhimukhaṃ yāntaṃ ke śūrāḥ paryavārayan || 28 ||
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yaḥ sa sauvīrarājasya pramathya mahatīṃ camūm |
ādatta mahiṣīṃ bhojyāṃ kāmyāṃ sarvāṅgaśobhanām || 29 ||
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satyaṃ dhṛtiśca śauryaṃ ca brahmacaryaṃ ca kevalam |
sarvāṇi yuyudhāne'sminnityāni puruṣarṣabhe || 30 ||
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balinaṃ satyakarmāṇamadīnamaparājitam |
vāsudevasamaṃ yuddhe vāsudevādanantaram || 31 ||
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yuktaṃ dhanaṃjayapreṣye śūramācāryakarmaṇi |
pārthena samamastreṣu kastaṃ droṇādavārayat || 32 ||
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vṛṣṇīnāṃ pravaraṃ vīraṃ śūraṃ sarvadhanuṣmatām |
rāmeṇa samamastreṣu yaśasā vikrameṇa ca || 33 ||
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satyaṃ dhṛtirdamaḥ śauryaṃ brahmacaryamanuttamam |
sātvate tāni sarvāṇi trailokyamiva keśave || 34 ||
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tamevaṃguṇasaṃpannaṃ durvāramapi daivataiḥ |
samāsādya maheṣvāsaṃ ke vīrāḥ paryavārayan || 35 ||
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pāñcāleṣūttamaṃ śūramuttamābhijanapriyam |
nityamuttamakarmāṇamuttamaujasamāhave || 36 ||
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yuktaṃ dhanaṃjayahite mamānarthāya cottamam |
yamavaiśravaṇādityamahendravaruṇopamam || 37 ||
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mahārathasamākhyātaṃ droṇāyodyantamāhave |
tyajantaṃ tumule prāṇānke śūrāḥ paryavārayan || 38 ||
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eko'pasṛtya cedibhyaḥ pāṇḍavānyaḥ samāśritaḥ |
dhṛṣṭaketuṃ tamāyāntaṃ droṇātkaḥ samavārayat || 39 ||
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yo'vadhītketumāñśūro rājaputraṃ sudarśanam |
aparāntagiridvāre kastaṃ droṇādavārayat || 40 ||
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strīpūrvo yo naravyāghro yaḥ sa veda guṇāguṇān |
śikhaṇḍinaṃ yājñasenimamlānamanasaṃ yudhi || 41 ||
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devavratasya samare hetuṃ mṛtyormahātmanaḥ |
droṇāyābhimukhaṃ yāntaṃ ke vīrāḥ paryavārayan || 42 ||
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yasminnabhyadhikā vīre guṇāḥ sarve dhanaṃjayāt |
yasminnastrāṇi satyaṃ ca brahmacaryaṃ ca nityadā || 43 ||
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vāsudevasamaṃ vīrye dhanaṃjayasamaṃ bale |
tejasādityasadṛśaṃ bṛhaspatisamaṃ matau || 44 ||
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abhimanyuṃ mahātmānaṃ vyāttānanamivāntakam |
droṇāyābhimukhaṃ yāntaṃ ke vīrāḥ paryavārayan || 45 ||
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taruṇastvaruṇaprakhyaḥ saubhadraḥ paravīrahā |
yadābhyādravata droṇaṃ tadāsīdvo manaḥ katham || 46 ||
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draupadeyā naravyāghrāḥ samudramiva sindhavaḥ |
yaddroṇamādravansaṃkhye ke vīrāstānavārayan || 47 ||
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ye te dvādaśavarṣāṇi krīḍāmutsṛjya bālakāḥ |
astrārthamavasanbhīṣme bibhrato vratamuttamam || 48 ||
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kṣatraṃjayaḥ kṣatradevaḥ kṣatradharmā ca māninaḥ |
dhṛṣṭadyumnātmajā vīrāḥ ke tāndroṇādavārayan || 49 ||
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śatādviśiṣṭaṃ yaṃ yuddhe samapaśyanta vṛṣṇayaḥ |
cekitānaṃ maheṣvāsaṃ kastaṃ droṇādavārayat || 50 ||
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vārdhakṣemiḥ kaliṅgānāṃ yaḥ kanyāmāharadyudhi |
anādhṛṣṭiradīnātmā kastaṃ droṇādavārayat || 51 ||
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bhrātaraḥ pañca kaikeyā dhārmikāḥ satyavikramāḥ |
indragopakavarṇāśca raktavarmāyudhadhvajāḥ || 52 ||
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mātṛṣvasuḥ sutā vīrāḥ pāṇḍavānāṃ jayārthinaḥ |
tāndroṇaṃ hantumāyātānke vīrāḥ paryavārayan || 53 ||
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yaṃ yodhayanto rājāno nājayanvāraṇāvate |
ṣaṇmāsānabhisaṃrabdhā jighāṃsanto yudhāṃ patim || 54 ||
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dhanuṣmatāṃ varaṃ śūraṃ satyasaṃdhaṃ mahābalam |
droṇātkastaṃ naravyāghraṃ yuyutsuṃ pratyavārayat || 55 ||
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yaḥ putraṃ kāśirājasya vārāṇasyāṃ mahāratham |
samare strīṣu gṛdhyantaṃ bhallenāpaharadrathāt || 56 ||
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dhṛṣṭadyumnaṃ maheṣvāsaṃ pārthānāṃ mantradhāriṇam |
yuktaṃ duryodhanānarthe sṛṣṭaṃ droṇavadhāya ca || 57 ||
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nirdahantaṃ raṇe yodhāndārayantaṃ ca sarvaśaḥ |
droṇāyābhimukhaṃ yāntaṃ ke vīrāḥ paryavārayan || 58 ||
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utsaṅga iva saṃvṛddhaṃ drupadasyāstravittamam |
śaikhaṇḍinaṃ kṣatradevaṃ ke taṃ droṇādavārayan || 59 ||
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ya imāṃ pṛthivīṃ kṛtsnāṃ carmavatsamaveṣṭayat |
mahatā rathavaṃśena mukhyārighno mahārathaḥ || 60 ||
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daśāśvamedhānājahre svannapānāptadakṣiṇān |
nirargalānsarvamedhānputravatpālayanprajāḥ || 61 ||
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pibantyo dakṣiṇāṃ yasya gaṅgāsrotaḥ samāpiban |
tāvatīrgā dadau vīra uśīnarasuto'dhvare || 62 ||
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na pūrve nāpare cakruridaṃ kecana mānavāḥ |
iti saṃcukruśurdevāḥ kṛte karmaṇi duṣkare || 63 ||
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paśyāmastriṣu lokeṣu na taṃ saṃsthāsnucāriṣu |
jātaṃ vāpi janiṣyaṃ vā dvitīyaṃ vāpi saṃprati || 64 ||
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anyamauśīnarācchaibyāddhuro voḍhāramityuta |
gatiṃ yasya na yāsyanti mānuṣā lokavāsinaḥ || 65 ||
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tasya naptāramāyāntaṃ śaibyaṃ kaḥ samavārayat |
droṇāyābhimukhaṃ yāntaṃ vyāttānanamivāntakam || 66 ||
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virāṭasya rathānīkaṃ matsyasyāmitraghātinaḥ |
prepsantaṃ samare droṇaṃ ke vīrāḥ paryavārayan || 67 ||
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sadyo vṛkodarājjāto mahābalaparākramaḥ |
māyāvī rākṣaso ghoro yasmānmama mahadbhayam || 68 ||
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pārthānāṃ jayakāmaṃ taṃ putrāṇāṃ mama kaṇṭakam |
ghaṭotkacaṃ mahābāhuṃ kastaṃ droṇādavārayat || 69 ||
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ete cānye ca bahavo yeṣāmarthāya saṃjaya |
tyaktāraḥ saṃyuge prāṇānkiṃ teṣāmajitaṃ yudhi || 70 ||
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yeṣāṃ ca puruṣavyāghraḥ śārṅgadhanvā vyapāśrayaḥ |
hitārthī cāpi pārthānāṃ kathaṃ teṣāṃ parājayaḥ || 71 ||
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lokānāṃ gururatyantaṃ lokanāthaḥ sanātanaḥ |
nārāyaṇo raṇe nātho divyo divyātmavānprabhuḥ || 72 ||
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yasya divyāni karmāṇi pravadanti manīṣiṇaḥ |
tānyahaṃ kīrtayiṣyāmi bhaktyā sthairyārthamātmanaḥ || 73 ||
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Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Chapter 9

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

Buy now!
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