Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 6.88.4

स तैर्विद्धः स्रवन्रक्तं प्रभिन्न इव कुञ्जरः ।
दध्रे मतिं विनाशाय राज्ञः स पिशिताशनः ।
जग्राह च महाशक्तिं गिरीणामपि दारणीम् ॥ ४ ॥

sa tairviddhaḥ sravanraktaṃ prabhinna iva kuñjaraḥ |
dadhre matiṃ vināśāya rājñaḥ sa piśitāśanaḥ |
jagrāha ca mahāśaktiṃ girīṇāmapi dāraṇīm || 4 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...Chekitana of great prowess, proceeded against all the kings under the command of Duryodhana. And the heroic Abhimanyu, and that mighty car-warrior, viz., the son of...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (6.88.4). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Tad, Viddha, Sravat, Rakta, Prabhinna, Iva, Kunjara, Mati, Vinasha, Rajan, Pishitashana, Mahashakti, Giri, Api, Darani,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 6.88.4). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “sa tairviddhaḥ sravanraktaṃ prabhinna iva kuñjaraḥ
  • sa -
  • sa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • tair -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
  • viddhaḥ -
  • viddha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    vidh -> viddha (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √vidh class 6 verb]
    vidh -> viddha (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √vidh class 1 verb], [nominative single from √vidh class 6 verb]
    vyadh -> viddha (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √vyadh class 4 verb]
  • sravan -
  • sravat (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    sru -> sravat (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √sru class 1 verb], [vocative single from √sru class 1 verb]
  • raktam -
  • rakta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    rakta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    raktā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    rag -> rakta (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √rag class 1 verb]
    rag -> rakta (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √rag class 1 verb], [accusative single from √rag class 1 verb]
    raj -> rakta (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √raj class 1 verb], [accusative single from √raj class 4 verb]
    raj -> rakta (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √raj class 1 verb], [accusative single from √raj class 1 verb], [nominative single from √raj class 4 verb], [accusative single from √raj class 4 verb]
    rañj -> rakta (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √rañj class 1 verb], [accusative single from √rañj class 4 verb]
    rañj -> rakta (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √rañj class 1 verb], [accusative single from √rañj class 1 verb], [nominative single from √rañj class 4 verb], [accusative single from √rañj class 4 verb]
  • prabhinna* -
  • prabhinna (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • iva -
  • iva (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    iva (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • kuñjaraḥ -
  • kuñjara (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “dadhre matiṃ vināśāya rājñaḥ sa piśitāśanaḥ
  • dadhre -
  • dhṛ (verb class 1)
    [perfect middle first single], [perfect middle third single]
    dhrā (verb class 1)
    [perfect middle first single], [perfect middle third single]
    dhrā (verb class 2)
    [perfect middle first single], [perfect middle third single]
    dhrai (verb class 1)
    [perfect middle first single], [perfect middle third single]
    dhrai (verb class 2)
    [perfect middle first single], [perfect middle third single]
  • matim -
  • mati (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
    mati (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • vināśāya -
  • vināśa (noun, masculine)
    [dative single]
  • rājñaḥ -
  • rājan (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • sa -
  • sa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • piśitāśanaḥ -
  • piśitāśana (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 3: “jagrāha ca mahāśaktiṃ girīṇāmapi dāraṇīm
  • jagrāha -
  • grah (verb class 9)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • mahāśaktim -
  • mahāśakti (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
    mahāśakti (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • girīṇām -
  • giri (noun, feminine)
    [genitive plural]
    giri (noun, masculine)
    [genitive plural]
  • api -
  • api (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    ap (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
  • dāraṇīm -
  • dāraṇī (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 6.88.4

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 6.88.4 in Kannada sript:
ಸ ತೈರ್ವಿದ್ಧಃ ಸ್ರವನ್ರಕ್ತಂ ಪ್ರಭಿನ್ನ ಇವ ಕುಞ್ಜರಃ ।
ದಧ್ರೇ ಮತಿಂ ವಿನಾಶಾಯ ರಾಜ್ಞಃ ಸ ಪಿಶಿತಾಶನಃ ।
ಜಗ್ರಾಹ ಚ ಮಹಾಶಕ್ತಿಂ ಗಿರೀಣಾಮಪಿ ದಾರಣೀಮ್ ॥ ೪ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 6.88.4 in Bengali sript:
স তৈর্বিদ্ধঃ স্রবন্রক্তং প্রভিন্ন ইব কুঞ্জরঃ ।
দধ্রে মতিং বিনাশায রাজ্ঞঃ স পিশিতাশনঃ ।
জগ্রাহ চ মহাশক্তিং গিরীণামপি দারণীম্ ॥ ৪ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 6.88.4 in Gujarati sript:
સ તૈર્વિદ્ધઃ સ્રવન્રક્તં પ્રભિન્ન ઇવ કુઞ્જરઃ ।
દધ્રે મતિં વિનાશાય રાજ્ઞઃ સ પિશિતાશનઃ ।
જગ્રાહ ચ મહાશક્તિં ગિરીણામપિ દારણીમ્ ॥ ૪ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 6.88.4 in Malayalam sript:
സ തൈര്വിദ്ധഃ സ്രവന്രക്തം പ്രഭിന്ന ഇവ കുഞ്ജരഃ ।
ദധ്രേ മതിം വിനാശായ രാജ്ഞഃ സ പിശിതാശനഃ ।
ജഗ്രാഹ ച മഹാശക്തിം ഗിരീണാമപി ദാരണീമ് ॥ ൪ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 6.88.4 in Telugu sript:
స తైర్విద్ధః స్రవన్రక్తం ప్రభిన్న ఇవ కుఞ్జరః ।
దధ్రే మతిం వినాశాయ రాజ్ఞః స పిశితాశనః ।
జగ్రాహ చ మహాశక్తిం గిరీణామపి దారణీమ్ ॥ ౪ ॥

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