Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 6.84.11

ततो दुर्योधनो राजा सोदर्यैः परिवारितः ।
भीष्मं जुगोप समरे वर्तमाने जनक्षये ॥ ११ ॥

tato duryodhano rājā sodaryaiḥ parivāritaḥ |
bhīṣmaṃ jugopa samare vartamāne janakṣaye || 11 ||

Note! The following is not a translation of the above verse, but merely an arbitrary extract of the English text.

...Sanjaya said, "Then the mighty Dhananjaya, struck with those shafts and drawing long breaths like a trodden snake, cut off, with great force, by means of his successive...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (6.84.11). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Tatah, Tad, Tata, Duryodhana, Raja, Rajan, Raj, Sodarya, Parivarita, Bhishma, Samara, Vartamana, Jana, Kshaya, Kshi,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 6.84.11). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “tato duryodhano rājā sodaryaiḥ parivāritaḥ
  • tato* -
  • tataḥ (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tataḥ (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tataḥ (indeclinable)
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    tata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    tan -> tata (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √tan class 8 verb]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
  • duryodhano* -
  • duryodhana (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • rājā -
  • rājā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    rājan (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    rāj (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    rāj (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • sodaryaiḥ -
  • sodarya (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    sodarya (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • parivāritaḥ -
  • parivārita (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “bhīṣmaṃ jugopa samare vartamāne janakṣaye
  • bhīṣmam -
  • bhīṣma (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    bhīṣma (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    bhīṣmā (noun, feminine)
  • jugopa -
  • gup (verb class 4)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
  • samare -
  • samara (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
  • vartamāne -
  • vartamāna (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    vartamāna (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    vartamānā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    vṛt -> vartamāna (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √vṛt class 1 verb]
    vṛt -> vartamāna (participle, neuter)
    [nominative dual from √vṛt class 1 verb], [vocative dual from √vṛt class 1 verb], [accusative dual from √vṛt class 1 verb], [locative single from √vṛt class 1 verb]
    vṛt -> vartamānā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative dual from √vṛt class 1 verb], [vocative single from √vṛt class 1 verb], [vocative dual from √vṛt class 1 verb], [accusative dual from √vṛt class 1 verb]
  • jana -
  • jana (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    jana (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    jan (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • kṣaye -
  • kṣaya (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    kṣaya (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    kṣayā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    kṣi (noun, feminine)
    [dative single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 6.84.11

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 6.84.11 in Kannada sript:
ತತೋ ದುರ್ಯೋಧನೋ ರಾಜಾ ಸೋದರ್ಯೈಃ ಪರಿವಾರಿತಃ ।
ಭೀಷ್ಮಂ ಜುಗೋಪ ಸಮರೇ ವರ್ತಮಾನೇ ಜನಕ್ಷಯೇ ॥ ೧೧ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 6.84.11 in Bengali sript:
ততো দুর্যোধনো রাজা সোদর্যৈঃ পরিবারিতঃ ।
ভীষ্মং জুগোপ সমরে বর্তমানে জনক্ষযে ॥ ১১ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 6.84.11 in Gujarati sript:
તતો દુર્યોધનો રાજા સોદર્યૈઃ પરિવારિતઃ ।
ભીષ્મં જુગોપ સમરે વર્તમાને જનક્ષયે ॥ ૧૧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 6.84.11 in Malayalam sript:
തതോ ദുര്യോധനോ രാജാ സോദര്യൈഃ പരിവാരിതഃ ।
ഭീഷ്മം ജുഗോപ സമരേ വര്തമാനേ ജനക്ഷയേ ॥ ൧൧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


Buy now!

Preview of verse 6.84.11 in Telugu sript:
తతో దుర్యోధనో రాజా సోదర్యైః పరివారితః ।
భీష్మం జుగోప సమరే వర్తమానే జనక్షయే ॥ ౧౧ ॥

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