Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 6.73.31

एवमुक्त्वा ततो वीरो ययौ मध्येन भारतीम् ।
भीमसेनस्य मार्गेषु गदाप्रमथितैर्गजैः ॥ ३१ ॥

evamuktvā tato vīro yayau madhyena bhāratīm |
bhīmasenasya mārgeṣu gadāpramathitairgajaiḥ || 31 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...excited with rage, fixed on his bowstring a number of fierce shafts, sharp and perfectly straight, and capable of taking (the foe’s) life. And that foremost of mighty...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (6.73.31). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Evam, Eva, Uktva, Tatah, Tad, Tata, Vira, Yayi, Yayu, Madhyena, Madhya, Bharati, Bhimasena, Marga, Gada, Pramathita, Gaja,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 6.73.31). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “evamuktvā tato vīro yayau madhyena bhāratīm
  • evam -
  • evam (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    evam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    eva (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    eva (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    evā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • uktvā -
  • uktvā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    vac -> uktvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √vac]
    vac -> uktvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √vac]
  • tato* -
  • tataḥ (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tataḥ (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tataḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    tata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    tan -> tata (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √tan class 8 verb]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
  • vīro* -
  • vīra (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • yayau -
  • yayi (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    yayi (noun, feminine)
    [locative single]
    yayu (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    yayu (noun, feminine)
    [locative single]
    (verb class 2)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
  • madhyena -
  • madhyena (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    madhya (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    madhya (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • bhāratīm -
  • bhāratī (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • Line 2: “bhīmasenasya mārgeṣu gadāpramathitairgajaiḥ
  • bhīmasenasya -
  • bhīmasena (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
  • mārgeṣu -
  • mārga (noun, masculine)
    [locative plural]
    mārga (noun, neuter)
    [locative plural]
  • gadā -
  • gadā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • pramathitair -
  • pramathita (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    pramathita (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • gajaiḥ -
  • gaja (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 6.73.31

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 6.73.31 in Kannada sript:
ಏವಮುಕ್ತ್ವಾ ತತೋ ವೀರೋ ಯಯೌ ಮಧ್ಯೇನ ಭಾರತೀಮ್ ।
ಭೀಮಸೇನಸ್ಯ ಮಾರ್ಗೇಷು ಗದಾಪ್ರಮಥಿತೈರ್ಗಜೈಃ ॥ ೩೧ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 6.73.31 in Bengali sript:
এবমুক্ত্বা ততো বীরো যযৌ মধ্যেন ভারতীম্ ।
ভীমসেনস্য মার্গেষু গদাপ্রমথিতৈর্গজৈঃ ॥ ৩১ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 6.73.31 in Gujarati sript:
એવમુક્ત્વા તતો વીરો યયૌ મધ્યેન ભારતીમ્ ।
ભીમસેનસ્ય માર્ગેષુ ગદાપ્રમથિતૈર્ગજૈઃ ॥ ૩૧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 6.73.31 in Malayalam sript:
ഏവമുക്ത്വാ തതോ വീരോ യയൌ മധ്യേന ഭാരതീമ് ।
ഭീമസേനസ്യ മാര്ഗേഷു ഗദാപ്രമഥിതൈര്ഗജൈഃ ॥ ൩൧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 6.73.31 in Telugu sript:
ఏవముక్త్వా తతో వీరో యయౌ మధ్యేన భారతీమ్ ।
భీమసేనస్య మార్గేషు గదాప్రమథితైర్గజైః ॥ ౩౧ ॥

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