Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 6.58.54

तं हि वीरं महेष्वासाः सौभद्रप्रमुखा रथाः ।
पर्यरक्षन्त युध्यन्तं वज्रायुधमिवामराः ॥ ५४ ॥

taṃ hi vīraṃ maheṣvāsāḥ saubhadrapramukhā rathāḥ |
paryarakṣanta yudhyantaṃ vajrāyudhamivāmarāḥ || 54 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...myself. O younger brother of Indra, at your command I will certainly annihilate the Kurus.' Hearing that promise and oath of his, Janardana became gratified. And...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (6.58.54). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Vira, Maheshvasa, Saubhadra, Pramukha, Ratha, Pari, Arakshat, Yudh, Antam, Anta, Vajrayudha, Iva, Amara,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 6.58.54). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “taṃ hi vīraṃ maheṣvāsāḥ saubhadrapramukhā rathāḥ
  • tam -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    tan (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • hi -
  • hi (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • vīram -
  • vīra (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    vīra (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    vīrā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • maheṣvāsāḥ -
  • maheṣvāsa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • saubhadra -
  • saubhadra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    saubhadra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • pramukhā* -
  • pramukha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    pramukhā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • rathāḥ -
  • ratha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • Line 2: “paryarakṣanta yudhyantaṃ vajrāyudhamivāmarāḥ
  • parya -
  • pari (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    pari (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    pari (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    pari (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    pari (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    parī (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    parī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    parī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    pari (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • arakṣan -
  • arakṣat (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single], [vocative single]
    rakṣ (verb class 1)
    [imperfect active third plural]
  • ta -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    tan (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
  • yudhya -
  • yudh -> yudhya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √yudh]
    yudh -> yudhya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √yudh]
    yudh (noun, feminine)
    [locative single]
    yudh (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
  • antam -
  • antam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    anta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    anta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    antā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • vajrāyudham -
  • vajrāyudha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
  • ivā -
  • iva (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    iva (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • amarāḥ -
  • amara (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    amarā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 6.58.54

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 6.58.54 in Kannada sript:
ತಂ ಹಿ ವೀರಂ ಮಹೇಷ್ವಾಸಾಃ ಸೌಭದ್ರಪ್ರಮುಖಾ ರಥಾಃ ।
ಪರ್ಯರಕ್ಷನ್ತ ಯುಧ್ಯನ್ತಂ ವಜ್ರಾಯುಧಮಿವಾಮರಾಃ ॥ ೫೪ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 6.58.54 in Bengali sript:
তং হি বীরং মহেষ্বাসাঃ সৌভদ্রপ্রমুখা রথাঃ ।
পর্যরক্ষন্ত যুধ্যন্তং বজ্রাযুধমিবামরাঃ ॥ ৫৪ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 6.58.54 in Gujarati sript:
તં હિ વીરં મહેષ્વાસાઃ સૌભદ્રપ્રમુખા રથાઃ ।
પર્યરક્ષન્ત યુધ્યન્તં વજ્રાયુધમિવામરાઃ ॥ ૫૪ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 6.58.54 in Malayalam sript:
തം ഹി വീരം മഹേഷ്വാസാഃ സൌഭദ്രപ്രമുഖാ രഥാഃ ।
പര്യരക്ഷന്ത യുധ്യന്തം വജ്രായുധമിവാമരാഃ ॥ ൫൪ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 6.58.54 in Telugu sript:
తం హి వీరం మహేష్వాసాః సౌభద్రప్రముఖా రథాః ।
పర్యరక్షన్త యుధ్యన్తం వజ్రాయుధమివామరాః ॥ ౫౪ ॥

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