Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 6.45.42

एतदीदृशकं कृत्वा मद्रराजो महारथः ।
आरुरोह रथं तूर्णं भास्वरं कृतवर्मणः ॥ ४२ ॥

etadīdṛśakaṃ kṛtvā madrarājo mahārathaḥ |
āruroha rathaṃ tūrṇaṃ bhāsvaraṃ kṛtavarmaṇaḥ || 42 ||

Note! The following is not a translation of the above verse, but merely an arbitrary extract of the English text.

...and Kripa, and Salya, and Vivinsati, urged by your son, approached Bhishma and began to protect him. And protected by those five mighty car-warriors. O bull of Bharata...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (6.45.42). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Etad, Idrishaka, Kritva, Kritvan, Madraraja, Maharatha, Aru, Oha, Ratha, Turnam, Turna, Bhasvara, Kritavarman,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 6.45.42). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “etadīdṛśakaṃ kṛtvā madrarājo mahārathaḥ
  • etadī -
  • etad (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
  • īdṛśakam -
  • īdṛśaka (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    īdṛśaka (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • kṛtvā -
  • kṛtvā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    kṛ -> kṛtvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √kṛ]
    kṛ -> kṛtvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √kṛ]
    kṛ -> kṛtvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √kṛ]
    kṛ -> kṛtvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √kṛ]
    kṛtvan (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • madrarājo* -
  • madrarāja (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • mahārathaḥ -
  • mahāratha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “āruroha rathaṃ tūrṇaṃ bhāsvaraṃ kṛtavarmaṇaḥ
  • ārur -
  • āru (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    āru (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    ār (verb class 4)
    [perfect active third plural]
  • oha -
  • oha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    oha (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    uh (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • ratham -
  • ratha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
  • tūrṇam -
  • tūrṇam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tūrṇa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    tūrṇa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    tūrṇā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    tvar -> tūrṇa (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √tvar class 1 verb]
    tvar -> tūrṇa (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √tvar class 1 verb], [accusative single from √tvar class 1 verb]
  • bhāsvaram -
  • bhāsvara (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    bhāsvara (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    bhāsvarā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • kṛtavarmaṇaḥ -
  • kṛtavarman (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 6.45.42

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

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Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 6.45.42 in Kannada sript:
ಏತದೀದೃಶಕಂ ಕೃತ್ವಾ ಮದ್ರರಾಜೋ ಮಹಾರಥಃ ।
ಆರುರೋಹ ರಥಂ ತೂರ್ಣಂ ಭಾಸ್ವರಂ ಕೃತವರ್ಮಣಃ ॥ ೪೨ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 6.45.42 in Bengali sript:
এতদীদৃশকং কৃত্বা মদ্ররাজো মহারথঃ ।
আরুরোহ রথং তূর্ণং ভাস্বরং কৃতবর্মণঃ ॥ ৪২ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 6.45.42 in Gujarati sript:
એતદીદૃશકં કૃત્વા મદ્રરાજો મહારથઃ ।
આરુરોહ રથં તૂર્ણં ભાસ્વરં કૃતવર્મણઃ ॥ ૪૨ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 6.45.42 in Malayalam sript:
ഏതദീദൃശകം കൃത്വാ മദ്രരാജോ മഹാരഥഃ ।
ആരുരോഹ രഥം തൂര്ണം ഭാസ്വരം കൃതവര്മണഃ ॥ ൪൨ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 6.45.42 in Telugu sript:
ఏతదీదృశకం కృత్వా మద్రరాజో మహారథః ।
ఆరురోహ రథం తూర్ణం భాస్వరం కృతవర్మణః ॥ ౪౨ ॥

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