Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 6.45.29

ततो दश महेष्वासाः पाण्डवानां महारथाः ।
रक्षार्थमभ्यधावन्त सौभद्रं त्वरिता रथैः ॥ २९ ॥

tato daśa maheṣvāsāḥ pāṇḍavānāṃ mahārathāḥ |
rakṣārthamabhyadhāvanta saubhadraṃ tvaritā rathaiḥ || 29 ||

Note! The following is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...cut open, were seen to wail aloud, from desire of life. And some, endued with little strength, tortured by thirst, O king, and lying on the field of battle on the bare...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (6.45.29). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Tatah, Tad, Tata, Dasha, Dashan, Maheshvasa, Pandava, Maharatha, Rakshartha, Abhi, Saubhadra, Tvarita, Ratha,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 6.45.29). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “tato daśa maheṣvāsāḥ pāṇḍavānāṃ mahārathāḥ
  • tato* -
  • tataḥ (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tataḥ (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tataḥ (indeclinable)
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    tata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    tan -> tata (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √tan class 8 verb]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
  • daśa -
  • daśa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    daśa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    daśan (noun, masculine)
    daśan (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    daṃś (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • maheṣvāsāḥ -
  • maheṣvāsa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • pāṇḍavānām -
  • pāṇḍava (noun, masculine)
    [genitive plural]
    pāṇḍava (noun, neuter)
    [genitive plural]
  • mahārathāḥ -
  • mahāratha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    mahārathā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • Line 2: “rakṣārthamabhyadhāvanta saubhadraṃ tvaritā rathaiḥ
  • rakṣārtham -
  • rakṣārtha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    rakṣārtha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • abhya -
  • abhi (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    abhi (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    abhi (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    abhi (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    abhī (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [compound]
    abhī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    abhī (noun, feminine)
    [adverb], [compound]
    abhi (Preverb)
  • adhāvanta -
  • dhāv (verb class 1)
    [imperfect middle third plural]
    dhāv (verb class 1)
    [imperfect middle third plural]
  • saubhadram -
  • saubhadra (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    saubhadra (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    saubhadrā (noun, feminine)
  • tvaritā* -
  • tvarita (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    tvaritā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    tvar -> tvarita (participle, masculine)
    [nominative plural from √tvar class 1 verb], [vocative plural from √tvar class 1 verb], [nominative plural from √tvar], [vocative plural from √tvar]
    tvar -> tvaritā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative plural from √tvar class 1 verb], [vocative plural from √tvar class 1 verb], [accusative plural from √tvar class 1 verb], [nominative plural from √tvar], [vocative plural from √tvar], [accusative plural from √tvar]
  • rathaiḥ -
  • ratha (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 6.45.29

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 6.45.29 in Kannada sript:
ತತೋ ದಶ ಮಹೇಷ್ವಾಸಾಃ ಪಾಣ್ಡವಾನಾಂ ಮಹಾರಥಾಃ ।
ರಕ್ಷಾರ್ಥಮಭ್ಯಧಾವನ್ತ ಸೌಭದ್ರಂ ತ್ವರಿತಾ ರಥೈಃ ॥ ೨೯ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 6.45.29 in Bengali sript:
ততো দশ মহেষ্বাসাঃ পাণ্ডবানাং মহারথাঃ ।
রক্ষার্থমভ্যধাবন্ত সৌভদ্রং ত্বরিতা রথৈঃ ॥ ২৯ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 6.45.29 in Gujarati sript:
તતો દશ મહેષ્વાસાઃ પાણ્ડવાનાં મહારથાઃ ।
રક્ષાર્થમભ્યધાવન્ત સૌભદ્રં ત્વરિતા રથૈઃ ॥ ૨૯ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 6.45.29 in Malayalam sript:
തതോ ദശ മഹേഷ്വാസാഃ പാണ്ഡവാനാം മഹാരഥാഃ ।
രക്ഷാര്ഥമഭ്യധാവന്ത സൌഭദ്രം ത്വരിതാ രഥൈഃ ॥ ൨൯ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


Buy now!

Preview of verse 6.45.29 in Telugu sript:
తతో దశ మహేష్వాసాః పాణ్డవానాం మహారథాః ।
రక్షార్థమభ్యధావన్త సౌభద్రం త్వరితా రథైః ॥ ౨౯ ॥

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