Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 6.45.12

दुर्मुखस्य तु भल्लेन सर्वावरणभेदिना ।
जहार सारथेः कायाच्छिरः संनतपर्वणा ॥ १२ ॥

durmukhasya tu bhallena sarvāvaraṇabhedinā |
jahāra sāratheḥ kāyācchiraḥ saṃnataparvaṇā || 12 ||

Note! The following is not a translation of the above verse, but merely an arbitrary extract of the English text.

...resemble the wails of those that are doomed to hell. And horsemen, on chargers of exceeding speed and furnished with outstretched tails resembling (the Plumes...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (6.45.12). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Durmukha, Bhalla, Sarvavarana, Bhedin, Bhedi, Sarathi, Kaya, Shira, Shiras, Samnata, Parvana, Parvan,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 6.45.12). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “durmukhasya tu bhallena sarvāvaraṇabhedinā
  • durmukhasya -
  • durmukha (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    durmukha (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
  • tu -
  • tu (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • bhallena -
  • bhalla (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    bhalla (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • sarvāvaraṇa -
  • sarvāvaraṇa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sarvāvaraṇa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • bhedinā -
  • bhedin (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    bhedin (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
    bhedī (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • Line 2: “jahāra sāratheḥ kāyācchiraḥ saṃnataparvaṇā
  • jahāra -
  • hṛ (verb class 1)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    hṝ (verb class 9)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
  • sāratheḥ -
  • sārathi (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • kāyācch -
  • kāya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    kāya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • śiraḥ -
  • śiras (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    śira (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • saṃnata -
  • saṃnata (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    saṃnata (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • parvaṇā -
  • parvaṇā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    parvan (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 6.45.12

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

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Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 6.45.12 in Kannada sript:
ದುರ್ಮುಖಸ್ಯ ತು ಭಲ್ಲೇನ ಸರ್ವಾವರಣಭೇದಿನಾ ।
ಜಹಾರ ಸಾರಥೇಃ ಕಾಯಾಚ್ಛಿರಃ ಸಂನತಪರ್ವಣಾ ॥ ೧೨ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 6.45.12 in Bengali sript:
দুর্মুখস্য তু ভল্লেন সর্বাবরণভেদিনা ।
জহার সারথেঃ কাযাচ্ছিরঃ সংনতপর্বণা ॥ ১২ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 6.45.12 in Gujarati sript:
દુર્મુખસ્ય તુ ભલ્લેન સર્વાવરણભેદિના ।
જહાર સારથેઃ કાયાચ્છિરઃ સંનતપર્વણા ॥ ૧૨ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 6.45.12 in Malayalam sript:
ദുര്മുഖസ്യ തു ഭല്ലേന സര്വാവരണഭേദിനാ ।
ജഹാര സാരഥേഃ കായാച്ഛിരഃ സംനതപര്വണാ ॥ ൧൨ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


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Preview of verse 6.45.12 in Telugu sript:
దుర్ముఖస్య తు భల్లేన సర్వావరణభేదినా ।
జహార సారథేః కాయాచ్ఛిరః సంనతపర్వణా ॥ ౧౨ ॥

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