Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

saṃjaya uvāca |
gatapūrvāhṇabhūyiṣṭhe tasminnahani dāruṇe |
vartamāne mahāraudre mahāvīravarakṣaye || 1 ||
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durmukhaḥ kṛtavarmā ca kṛpaḥ śalyo viviṃśatiḥ |
bhīṣmaṃ jugupurāsādya tava putreṇa coditāḥ || 2 ||
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etairatirathairguptaḥ pañcabhirbharatarṣabha |
pāṇḍavānāmanīkāni vijagāhe mahārathaḥ || 3 ||
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cedikāśikarūṣeṣu pāñcāleṣu ca bhārata |
bhīṣmasya bahudhā tālaścaranketuradṛśyata || 4 ||
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śirāṃsi ca tadā bhīṣmo bāhūṃścāpi sahāyudhān |
nicakarta mahāvegairbhallaiḥ saṃnataparvabhiḥ || 5 ||
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nṛtyato rathamārgeṣu bhīṣmasya bharatarṣabha |
kecidārtasvaraṃ cakrurnāgā marmaṇi tāḍitāḥ || 6 ||
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abhimanyuḥ susaṃkruddhaḥ piśaṅgaisturagottamaiḥ |
saṃyuktaṃ rathamāsthāya prāyādbhīṣmarathaṃ prati || 7 ||
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jāmbūnadavicitreṇa karṇikāreṇa ketunā |
abhyavarṣata bhīṣmaṃ ca tāṃścaiva rathasattamān || 8 ||
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sa tālaketostīkṣṇena ketumāhatya patriṇā |
bhīṣmeṇa yuyudhe vīrastasya cānucaraiḥ saha || 9 ||
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kṛtavarmāṇamekena śalyaṃ pañcabhirāyasaiḥ |
viddhvā navabhirānarchacchitāgraiḥ prapitāmaham || 10 ||
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pūrṇāyatavisṛṣṭena samyakpraṇihitena ca |
dhvajamekena vivyādha jāmbūnadavibhūṣitam || 11 ||
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durmukhasya tu bhallena sarvāvaraṇabhedinā |
jahāra sāratheḥ kāyācchiraḥ saṃnataparvaṇā || 12 ||
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dhanuściccheda bhallena kārtasvaravibhūṣitam |
kṛpasya niśitāgreṇa tāṃśca tīkṣṇamukhaiḥ śaraiḥ || 13 ||
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jaghāna paramakruddho nṛtyanniva mahārathaḥ |
tasya lāghavamudvīkṣya tutuṣurdevatā api || 14 ||
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labdhalakṣyatayā kārṣṇeḥ sarve bhīṣmamukhā rathāḥ |
sattvavantamamanyanta sākṣādiva dhanaṃjayam || 15 ||
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tasya lāghavamārgasthamalātasadṛśaprabham |
diśaḥ paryapataccāpaṃ gāṇḍīvamiva ghoṣavat || 16 ||
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tamāsādya mahāvegairbhīṣmo navabhirāśugaiḥ |
vivyādha samare tūrṇamārjuniṃ paravīrahā || 17 ||
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dhvajaṃ cāsya tribhirbhallaiściccheda paramaujasaḥ |
sārathiṃ ca tribhirbāṇairājaghāna yatavrataḥ || 18 ||
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tathaiva kṛtavarmā ca kṛpaḥ śalyaśca māriṣa |
viddhvā nākampayatkārṣṇiṃ mainākamiva parvatam || 19 ||
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sa taiḥ parivṛtaḥ śūro dhārtarāṣṭrairmahārathaiḥ |
vavarṣa śaravarṣāṇi kārṣṇiḥ pañcarathānprati || 20 ||
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tatasteṣāṃ mahāstrāṇi saṃvārya śaravṛṣṭibhiḥ |
nanāda balavānkārṣṇirbhīṣmāya visṛjañśarān || 21 ||
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tatrāsya sumahadrājanbāhvorbalamadṛśyata |
yatamānasya samare bhīṣmamardayataḥ śaraiḥ || 22 ||
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parākrāntasya tasyaiva bhīṣmo'pi prāhiṇoccharān |
sa tāṃściccheda samare bhīṣmacāpacyutāñśarān || 23 ||
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tato dhvajamamogheṣurbhīṣmasya navabhiḥ śaraiḥ |
ciccheda samare vīrastata uccukruśurjanāḥ || 24 ||
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sa rājato mahāskandhastālo hemavibhūṣitaḥ |
saubhadraviśikhaiśchinnaḥ papāta bhuvi bhārata || 25 ||
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dhvajaṃ saubhadraviśikhaiḥ patitaṃ bharatarṣabha |
dṛṣṭvā bhīmo'nadaddhṛṣṭaḥ saubhadramabhiharṣayan || 26 ||
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atha bhīṣmo mahāstrāṇi divyāni ca bahūni ca |
prāduścakre mahāraudraḥ kṣaṇe tasminmahābalaḥ || 27 ||
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tataḥ śatasahasreṇa saubhadraṃ prapitāmahaḥ |
avākiradameyātmā śarāṇāṃ nataparvaṇām || 28 ||
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tato daśa maheṣvāsāḥ pāṇḍavānāṃ mahārathāḥ |
rakṣārthamabhyadhāvanta saubhadraṃ tvaritā rathaiḥ || 29 ||
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virāṭaḥ saha putreṇa dhṛṣṭadyumnaśca pārṣataḥ |
bhīmaśca kekayāścaiva sātyakiśca viśāṃ pate || 30 ||
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javenāpatatāṃ teṣāṃ bhīṣmaḥ śāṃtanavo raṇe |
pāñcālyaṃ tribhirānarchatsātyakiṃ niśitaiḥ śaraiḥ || 31 ||
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pūrṇāyatavisṛṣṭena kṣureṇa niśitena ca |
dhvajamekena ciccheda bhīmasenasya patriṇā || 32 ||
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jāmbūnadamayaḥ ketuḥ kesarī narasattama |
papāta bhīmasenasya bhīṣmeṇa mathito rathāt || 33 ||
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bhīmasenastribhirviddhvā bhīṣmaṃ śāṃtanavaṃ raṇe |
kṛpamekena vivyādha kṛtavarmāṇamaṣṭabhiḥ || 34 ||
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pragṛhītāgrahastena vairāṭirapi dantinā |
abhyadravata rājānaṃ madrādhipatimuttaraḥ || 35 ||
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tasya vāraṇarājasya javenāpatato rathī |
śalyo nivārayāmāsa vegamapratimaṃ raṇe || 36 ||
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tasya kruddhaḥ sa nāgendro bṛhataḥ sādhuvāhinaḥ |
padā yugamadhiṣṭhāya jaghāna caturo hayān || 37 ||
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sa hatāśve rathe tiṣṭhanmadrādhipatirāyasīm |
uttarāntakarīṃ śaktiṃ cikṣepa bhujagopamām || 38 ||
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tayā bhinnatanutrāṇaḥ praviśya vipulaṃ tamaḥ |
sa papāta gajaskandhātpramuktāṅkuśatomaraḥ || 39 ||
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samādāya ca śalyo'simavaplutya rathottamāt |
vāraṇendrasya vikramya cicchedātha mahākaram || 40 ||
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bhinnamarmā śaravrātaiśchinnahastaḥ sa vāraṇaḥ |
bhīmamārtasvaraṃ kṛtvā papāta ca mamāra ca || 41 ||
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etadīdṛśakaṃ kṛtvā madrarājo mahārathaḥ |
āruroha rathaṃ tūrṇaṃ bhāsvaraṃ kṛtavarmaṇaḥ || 42 ||
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uttaraṃ nihataṃ dṛṣṭvā vairāṭirbhrātaraṃ śubham |
kṛtavarmaṇā ca sahitaṃ dṛṣṭvā śalyamavasthitam |
śaṅkhaḥ krodhātprajajvāla haviṣā havyavāḍiva || 43 ||
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sa visphārya mahaccāpaṃ kārtasvaravibhūṣitam |
abhyadhāvajjighāṃsanvai śalyaṃ madrādhipaṃ balī || 44 ||
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mahatā rathavaṃśena samantātparivāritaḥ |
sṛjanbāṇamayaṃ varṣaṃ prāyācchalyarathaṃ prati || 45 ||
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tamāpatantaṃ saṃprekṣya mattavāraṇavikramam |
tāvakānāṃ rathāḥ sapta samantātparyavārayan |
madrarājaṃ parīpsanto mṛtyordaṃṣṭrāntaraṃ gatam || 46 ||
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tato bhīṣmo mahābāhurvinadya jalado yathā |
tālamātraṃ dhanurgṛhya śaṅkhamabhyadravadraṇe || 47 ||
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tamudyatamudīkṣyātha maheṣvāsaṃ mahābalam |
saṃtrastā pāṇḍavī senā vātavegahateva nauḥ || 48 ||
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tatrārjunaḥ saṃtvaritaḥ śaṅkhasyāsītpuraḥsaraḥ |
bhīṣmādrakṣyo'yamadyeti tato yuddhamavartata || 49 ||
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hāhākāro mahānāsīdyodhānāṃ yudhi yudhyatām |
tejastejasi saṃpṛktamityevaṃ vismayaṃ yayuḥ || 50 ||
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atha śalyo gadāpāṇiravatīrya mahārathāt |
śaṅkhasya caturo vāhānahanadbharatarṣabha || 51 ||
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sa hatāśvādrathāttūrṇaṃ khaḍgamādāya vidrutaḥ |
bībhatsoḥ syandanaṃ prāpya tataḥ śāntimavindata || 52 ||
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tato bhīṣmarathāttūrṇamutpatanti patatriṇaḥ |
yairantarikṣaṃ bhūmiśca sarvataḥ samavastṛtam || 53 ||
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pāñcālānatha matsyāṃśca kekayāṃśca prabhadrakān |
bhīṣmaḥ praharatāṃ śreṣṭhaḥ pātayāmāsa mārgaṇaiḥ || 54 ||
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utsṛjya samare tūrṇaṃ pāṇḍavaṃ savyasācinam |
abhyadravata pāñcālyaṃ drupadaṃ senayā vṛtam |
priyaṃ saṃbandhinaṃ rājañśarānavakiranbahūn || 55 ||
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agnineva pradagdhāni vanāni śiśirātyaye |
śaradagdhānyadṛśyanta sainyāni drupadasya ha |
atiṣṭhata raṇe bhīṣmo vidhūma iva pāvakaḥ || 56 ||
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madhyaṃdine yathādityaṃ tapantamiva tejasā |
na śekuḥ pāṇḍaveyasya yodhā bhīṣmaṃ nirīkṣitum || 57 ||
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vīkṣāṃ cakruḥ samantātte pāṇḍavā bhayapīḍitāḥ |
trātāraṃ nādhyagacchanta gāvaḥ śītārditā iva || 58 ||
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hatavipradrute sainye nirutsāhe vimardite |
hāhākāro mahānāsītpāṇḍusainyeṣu bhārata || 59 ||
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tato bhīṣmaḥ śāṃtanavo nityaṃ maṇḍalakārmukaḥ |
mumoca bāṇāndīptāgrānahīnāśīviṣāniva || 60 ||
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śarairekāyanīkurvandiśaḥ sarvā yatavrataḥ |
jaghāna pāṇḍavarathānādiśyādiśya bhārata || 61 ||
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tataḥ sainyeṣu bhagneṣu mathiteṣu ca sarvaśaḥ |
prāpte cāstaṃ dinakare na prājñāyata kiṃcana || 62 ||
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bhīṣmaṃ ca samudīryantaṃ dṛṣṭvā pārthā mahāhave |
avahāramakurvanta sainyānāṃ bharatarṣabha || 63 ||
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Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Chapter 45

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

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Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

Buy now!
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