Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 6.39.17

श्रद्धया परया तप्तं तपस्तत्त्रिविधं नरैः ।
अफलाकाङ्क्षिभिर्युक्तैः सात्त्विकं परिचक्षते ॥ १७ ॥

śraddhayā parayā taptaṃ tapastattrividhaṃ naraiḥ |
aphalākāṅkṣibhiryuktaiḥ sāttvikaṃ paricakṣate || 17 ||

Note! The following is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...the body), when enjoying or joined to the qualities. They (however) see that have the eye of knowledge.{GL_NOTE:141733:} Devotees exerting (towards that end) behold...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (6.39.17). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Shraddhaya, Shraddha, Para, Taptam, Tapta, Tap, Tapa, Tapas, Tat, Tad, Trividha, Nara, Aphalakankshin, Yukta, Sattvika, Pari,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 6.39.17). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “śraddhayā parayā taptaṃ tapastattrividhaṃ naraiḥ
  • śraddhayā -
  • śraddhayā (indeclinable)
    śraddhā (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental single]
  • parayā -
  • parā (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental single]
  • taptam -
  • taptam (indeclinable)
    tapta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    tapta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    taptā (noun, feminine)
    tap -> tapta (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √tap class 1 verb], [accusative single from √tap class 4 verb]
    tap -> tapta (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √tap class 1 verb], [accusative single from √tap class 1 verb], [nominative single from √tap class 4 verb], [accusative single from √tap class 4 verb]
  • tapas -
  • tapas (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    tap (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    tap (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    tapa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • tat -
  • tat (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • trividham -
  • trividha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    trividha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    trividhā (noun, feminine)
  • naraiḥ -
  • nara (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    nara (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • Line 2: “aphalākāṅkṣibhiryuktaiḥ sāttvikaṃ paricakṣate
  • aphalākāṅkṣibhir -
  • aphalākāṅkṣin (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    aphalākāṅkṣin (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • yuktaiḥ -
  • yukta (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    yukta (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
    yuj -> yukta (participle, masculine)
    [instrumental plural from √yuj class 7 verb]
    yuj -> yukta (participle, neuter)
    [instrumental plural from √yuj class 7 verb]
  • sāttvikam -
  • sāttvika (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    sāttvika (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • pari -
  • pari (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    pari (indeclinable)
    pari (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    pari (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    pari (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    parī (noun, masculine)
    parī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
    parī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    pari (Preverb)
  • cakṣate -
  • cakṣ (verb class 2)
    [present middle third plural]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 6.39.17

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 6.39.17 in Kannada sript:
ಶ್ರದ್ಧಯಾ ಪರಯಾ ತಪ್ತಂ ತಪಸ್ತತ್ತ್ರಿವಿಧಂ ನರೈಃ ।
ಅಫಲಾಕಾಙ್ಕ್ಷಿಭಿರ್ಯುಕ್ತೈಃ ಸಾತ್ತ್ವಿಕಂ ಪರಿಚಕ್ಷತೇ ॥ ೧೭ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

Buy now!
Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 6.39.17 in Bengali sript:
শ্রদ্ধযা পরযা তপ্তং তপস্তত্ত্রিবিধং নরৈঃ ।
অফলাকাঙ্ক্ষিভির্যুক্তৈঃ সাত্ত্বিকং পরিচক্ষতে ॥ ১৭ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

Buy now!

Preview of verse 6.39.17 in Gujarati sript:
શ્રદ્ધયા પરયા તપ્તં તપસ્તત્ત્રિવિધં નરૈઃ ।
અફલાકાઙ્ક્ષિભિર્યુક્તૈઃ સાત્ત્વિકં પરિચક્ષતે ॥ ૧૭ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 6.39.17 in Malayalam sript:
ശ്രദ്ധയാ പരയാ തപ്തം തപസ്തത്ത്രിവിധം നരൈഃ ।
അഫലാകാങ്ക്ഷിഭിര്യുക്തൈഃ സാത്ത്വികം പരിചക്ഷതേ ॥ ൧൭ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


Buy now!

Preview of verse 6.39.17 in Telugu sript:
శ్రద్ధయా పరయా తప్తం తపస్తత్త్రివిధం నరైః ।
అఫలాకాఙ్క్షిభిర్యుక్తైః సాత్త్వికం పరిచక్షతే ॥ ౧౭ ॥

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