Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 6.12.30

सुकुमारी कुमारी च सीता कावेरका तथा ।
महानदी च कौरव्य तथा मणिजला नदी ।
इक्षुवर्धनिका चैव तथा भरतसत्तम ॥ ३० ॥

sukumārī kumārī ca sītā kāverakā tathā |
mahānadī ca kauravya tathā maṇijalā nadī |
ikṣuvardhanikā caiva tathā bharatasattama || 30 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...occupations of their order. (2) Amongst the Masakas are virtuous Kshatriyas granting (unto Brahmanas) every wish (entertained by them). (3) The Manasas, O...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (6.12.30). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Sukumari, Kumari, Kumarin, Sita, Tatha, Mahanadi, Kauravya, Manijala, Nadi, Nadin, Vardhanika, Bharatasattama,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 6.12.30). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “sukumārī kumārī ca sītā kāverakā tathā
  • sukumārī -
  • sukumārī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
  • kumārī -
  • kumārī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
    kumārī (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
    kumārin (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • sītā -
  • sītā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    sai -> sītā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative single from √sai class 1 verb]
  • kāverakā -
  • tathā -
  • tathā (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tathā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tathā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “mahānadī ca kauravya tathā maṇijalā nadī
  • mahānadī -
  • mahānadī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • kauravya -
  • kauravya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • tathā* -
  • tathā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    tatha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • maṇijalā* -
  • maṇijalā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • nadī -
  • nadī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
    nadi (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    nadi (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    nadin (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 3: “ikṣuvardhanikā caiva tathā bharatasattama
  • ikṣu -
  • ikṣu (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
  • vardhanikā -
  • vardhanikā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • cai -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • aiva -
  • i (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active first dual]
  • tathā* -
  • tathā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    tatha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • bharatasattama -
  • bharatasattama (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 6.12.30

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 6.12.30 in Kannada sript:
ಸುಕುಮಾರೀ ಕುಮಾರೀ ಚ ಸೀತಾ ಕಾವೇರಕಾ ತಥಾ ।
ಮಹಾನದೀ ಚ ಕೌರವ್ಯ ತಥಾ ಮಣಿಜಲಾ ನದೀ ।
ಇಕ್ಷುವರ್ಧನಿಕಾ ಚೈವ ತಥಾ ಭರತಸತ್ತಮ ॥ ೩೦ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 6.12.30 in Bengali sript:
সুকুমারী কুমারী চ সীতা কাবেরকা তথা ।
মহানদী চ কৌরব্য তথা মণিজলা নদী ।
ইক্ষুবর্ধনিকা চৈব তথা ভরতসত্তম ॥ ৩০ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 6.12.30 in Gujarati sript:
સુકુમારી કુમારી ચ સીતા કાવેરકા તથા ।
મહાનદી ચ કૌરવ્ય તથા મણિજલા નદી ।
ઇક્ષુવર્ધનિકા ચૈવ તથા ભરતસત્તમ ॥ ૩૦ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 6.12.30 in Malayalam sript:
സുകുമാരീ കുമാരീ ച സീതാ കാവേരകാ തഥാ ।
മഹാനദീ ച കൌരവ്യ തഥാ മണിജലാ നദീ ।
ഇക്ഷുവര്ധനികാ ചൈവ തഥാ ഭരതസത്തമ ॥ ൩൦ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 6.12.30 in Telugu sript:
సుకుమారీ కుమారీ చ సీతా కావేరకా తథా ।
మహానదీ చ కౌరవ్య తథా మణిజలా నదీ ।
ఇక్షువర్ధనికా చైవ తథా భరతసత్తమ ॥ ౩౦ ॥

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