Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

dhṛtarāṣṭra uvāca |
yadidaṃ bhārataṃ varṣaṃ yatredaṃ mūrchitaṃ balam |
yatrātimātraṃ lubdho'yaṃ putro duryodhano mama || 1 ||
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yatra gṛddhāḥ pāṇḍusutā yatra me sajjate manaḥ |
etanme tattvamācakṣva kuśalo hyasi saṃjaya || 2 ||
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saṃjaya uvāca |
na tatra pāṇḍavā gṛddhāḥ śṛṇu rājanvaco mama |
gṛddho duryodhanastatra śakuniścāpi saubalaḥ || 3 ||
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apare kṣatriyāścāpi nānājanapadeśvarāḥ |
ye gṛddhā bhārate varṣe na mṛṣyanti parasparam || 4 ||
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atra te varṇayiṣyāmi varṣaṃ bhārata bhāratam |
priyamindrasya devasya manorvaivasvatasya ca || 5 ||
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pṛthośca rājanvainyasya tathekṣvākormahātmanaḥ |
yayāterambarīṣasya māndhāturnahuṣasya ca || 6 ||
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tathaiva mucukundasya śiberauśīnarasya ca |
ṛṣabhasya tathailasya nṛgasya nṛpatestathā || 7 ||
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anyeṣāṃ ca mahārāja kṣatriyāṇāṃ balīyasām |
sarveṣāmeva rājendra priyaṃ bhārata bhāratam || 8 ||
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tatte varṣaṃ pravakṣyāmi yathāśrutamariṃdama |
śṛṇu me gadato rājanyanmāṃ tvaṃ paripṛcchasi || 9 ||
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mahendro malayaḥ sahyaḥ śuktimānṛkṣavānapi |
vindhyaśca pāriyātraśca saptaite kulaparvatāḥ || 10 ||
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teṣāṃ sahasraśo rājanparvatāstu samīpataḥ |
abhijñātāḥ sāravanto vipulāścitrasānavaḥ || 11 ||
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anye tato'parijñātā hrasvā hrasvopajīvinaḥ |
āryā mlecchāśca kauravya tairmiśrāḥ puruṣā vibho || 12 ||
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nadīḥ pibanti bahulā gaṅgāṃ sindhuṃ sarasvatīm |
godāvarīṃ narmadāṃ ca bāhudāṃ ca mahānadīm || 13 ||
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śatadruṃ candrabhāgāṃ ca yamunāṃ ca mahānadīm |
dṛṣadvatīṃ vipāśāṃ ca vipāpāṃ sthūlavālukām || 14 ||
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nadīṃ vetravatīṃ caiva kṛṣṇaveṇāṃ ca nimnagām |
irāvatīṃ vitastāṃ ca payoṣṇīṃ devikāmapi || 15 ||
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vedasmṛtiṃ vetasinīṃ tridivāmiṣkumālinīm |
karīṣiṇīṃ citravahāṃ citrasenāṃ ca nimnagām || 16 ||
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gomatīṃ dhūtapāpāṃ ca vandanāṃ ca mahānadīm |
kauśikīṃ tridivāṃ kṛtyāṃ vicitrāṃ lohatāriṇīm || 17 ||
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rathasthāṃ śatakumbhāṃ ca sarayūṃ ca nareśvara |
carmaṇvatīṃ vetravatīṃ hastisomāṃ diśaṃ tathā || 18 ||
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śatāvarīṃ payoṣṇīṃ ca parāṃ bhaimarathīṃ tathā |
kāverīṃ culukāṃ cāpi vāpīṃ śatabalāmapi || 19 ||
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nicīrāṃ mahitāṃ cāpi suprayogāṃ narādhipa |
pavitrāṃ kuṇḍalāṃ sindhuṃ vājinīṃ puramālinīm || 20 ||
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pūrvābhirāmāṃ vīrāṃ ca bhīmāmoghavatīṃ tathā |
palāśinīṃ pāpaharāṃ mahendrāṃ pippalāvatīm || 21 ||
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pāriṣeṇāmasiknīṃ ca saralāṃ bhāramardinīm |
puruhīṃ pravarāṃ menāṃ moghāṃ ghṛtavatīṃ tathā || 22 ||
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dhūmatyāmatikṛṣṇāṃ ca sūcīṃ chāvīṃ ca kaurava |
sadānīrāmadhṛṣyāṃ ca kuśadhārāṃ mahānadīm || 23 ||
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śaśikāntāṃ śivāṃ caiva tathā vīravatīmapi |
vāstuṃ suvāstuṃ gaurīṃ ca kampanāṃ sahiraṇvatīm || 24 ||
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hiraṇvatīṃ citravatīṃ citrasenāṃ ca nimnagām |
rathacitrāṃ jyotirathāṃ viśvāmitrāṃ kapiñjalām || 25 ||
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upendrāṃ bahulāṃ caiva kucarāmambuvāhinīm |
vainandīṃ piñjalāṃ veṇṇāṃ tuṅgaveṇāṃ mahānadīm || 26 ||
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vidiśāṃ kṛṣṇaveṇṇāṃ ca tāmrāṃ ca kapilāmapi |
śaluṃ suvāmāṃ vedāśvāṃ harisrāvāṃ mahāpagām || 27 ||
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śīghrāṃ ca picchilāṃ caiva bhāradvājīṃ ca nimnagām |
kauśikīṃ nimnagāṃ śoṇāṃ bāhudāmatha candanām || 28 ||
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durgāmantaḥśilāṃ caiva brahmamedhyāṃ bṛhadvatīm |
carakṣāṃ mahirohīṃ ca tathā jambunadīmapi || 29 ||
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sunasāṃ tamasāṃ dāsīṃ trasāmanyāṃ varāṇasīm |
loloddhṛtakarāṃ caiva pūrṇāśāṃ ca mahānadīm || 30 ||
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mānavīṃ vṛṣabhāṃ caiva mahānadyo janādhipa |
sadānirāmayāṃ vṛtyāṃ mandagāṃ mandavāhinīm || 31 ||
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brahmāṇīṃ ca mahāgaurīṃ durgāmapi ca bhārata |
citropalāṃ citrabarhāṃ mañjuṃ makaravāhinīm || 32 ||
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mandākinīṃ vaitaraṇīṃ kokāṃ caiva mahānadīm |
śuktimatīmaraṇyāṃ ca puṣpaveṇyutpalāvatīm || 33 ||
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lohityāṃ karatoyāṃ ca tathaiva vṛṣabhaṅginīm |
kumārīmṛṣikulyāṃ ca brahmakulyāṃ ca bhārata || 34 ||
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sarasvatīḥ supuṇyāśca sarvā gaṅgāśca māriṣa |
viśvasya mātaraḥ sarvāḥ sarvāścaiva mahābalāḥ || 35 ||
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tathā nadyastvaprakāśāḥ śataśo'tha sahasraśaḥ |
ityetāḥ sarito rājansamākhyātā yathāsmṛti || 36 ||
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ata ūrdhvaṃ janapadānnibodha gadato mama |
tatreme kurupāñcālāḥ śālvamādreyajāṅgalāḥ || 37 ||
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śūrasenāḥ kaliṅgāśca bodhā maukāstathaiva ca |
matsyāḥ sukuṭyaḥ saubalyāḥ kuntalāḥ kāśikośalāḥ || 38 ||
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cedivatsāḥ karūṣāśca bhojāḥ sindhupulindakāḥ |
uttamaujā daśārṇāśca mekalāścotkalaiḥ saha || 39 ||
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pāñcālāḥ kauśijāścaiva ekapṛṣṭhā yugaṃdharāḥ |
saudhā madrā bhujiṅgāśca kāśayo'parakāśayaḥ || 40 ||
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jaṭharāḥ kukkuśāścaiva sudāśārṇāśca bhārata |
kuntayo'vantayaścaiva tathaivāparakuntayaḥ || 41 ||
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govindā mandakāḥ ṣaṇḍā vidarbhānūpavāsikāḥ |
aśmakāḥ pāṃsurāṣṭrāśca goparāṣṭrāḥ panītakāḥ || 42 ||
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ādirāṣṭrāḥ sukuṭṭāśca balirāṣṭraṃ ca kevalam |
vānarāsyāḥ pravāhāśca vakrā vakrabhayāḥ śakāḥ || 43 ||
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videhakā māgadhāśca suhmāśca vijayāstathā |
aṅgā vaṅgāḥ kaliṅgāśca yakṛllomāna eva ca || 44 ||
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mallāḥ sudeṣṇāḥ prāhūtāstathā māhiṣakārṣikāḥ |
vāhīkā vāṭadhānāśca ābhīrāḥ kālatoyakāḥ || 45 ||
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aparandhrāśca śūdrāśca pahlavāścarmakhaṇḍikāḥ |
aṭavīśabarāścaiva marubhaumāśca māriṣa || 46 ||
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upāvṛścānupāvṛścasurāṣṭrāḥ kekayāstathā |
kuṭṭāparāntā dvaidheyāḥ kākṣāḥ sāmudraniṣkuṭāḥ || 47 ||
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andhrāśca bahavo rājannantargiryāstathaiva ca |
bahirgiryāṅgamaladā māgadhā mānavarjakāḥ || 48 ||
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mahyuttarāḥ prāvṛṣeyā bhārgavāśca janādhipa |
puṇḍrā bhārgāḥ kirātāśca sudoṣṇāḥ pramudāstathā || 49 ||
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śakā niṣādā niṣadhāstathaivānartanairṛtāḥ |
dugūlāḥ pratimatsyāśca kuśalāḥ kunaṭāstathā || 50 ||
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tīragrāhāstaratoyā rājikā rasyakāgaṇāḥ |
tilakāḥ pārasīkāśca madhumantaḥ prakutsakāḥ || 51 ||
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kāśmīrāḥ sindhusauvīrā gāndhārā darśakāstathā |
abhīsārā kulūtāśca śaivalā bāhlikāstathā || 52 ||
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darvīkāḥ sakacā darvā vātajāmarathoragāḥ |
bahuvādyāśca kauravya sudāmānaḥ sumallikāḥ || 53 ||
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vadhrāḥ karīṣakāścāpi kulindopatyakāstathā |
vanāyavo daśāpārśvā romāṇaḥ kuśabindavaḥ || 54 ||
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kacchā gopālakacchāśca lāṅgalāḥ paravallakāḥ |
kirātā barbarāḥ siddhā videhāstāmraliṅgakāḥ || 55 ||
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oṣṭrāḥ puṇḍrāḥ sasairandhrāḥ pārvatīyāśca māriṣa |
athāpare janapadā dakṣiṇā bharatarṣabha || 56 ||
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draviḍāḥ keralāḥ prācyā bhūṣikā vanavāsinaḥ |
unnatyakā māhiṣakā vikalpā mūṣakāstathā || 57 ||
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karṇikāḥ kuntikāścaiva saudbhidā nalakālakāḥ |
kaukuṭṭakāstathā colāḥ koṅkaṇā mālavāṇakāḥ || 58 ||
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samaṅgāḥ kopanāścaiva kukurāṅgadamāriṣāḥ |
dhvajinyutsavasaṃketāstrigartāḥ sarvasenayaḥ || 59 ||
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tryaṅgāḥ kekarakāḥ proṣṭhāḥ parasaṃcarakāstathā |
tathaiva vindhyapulakāḥ pulindāḥ kalkalaiḥ saha || 60 ||
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mālakā mallakāścaiva tathaivāparavartakāḥ |
kulindāḥ kulakāścaiva karaṇṭhāḥ kurakāstathā || 61 ||
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mūṣakā stanabālāśca satiyaḥ pattipañjakāḥ |
ādidāyāḥ sirālāśca stūbakā stanapāstathā || 62 ||
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hṛṣīvidarbhāḥ kāntīkāstaṅgaṇāḥ parataṅgaṇāḥ |
uttarāścāpare mlecchā janā bharatasattama || 63 ||
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yavanāśca sakāmbojā dāruṇā mlecchajātayaḥ |
sakṣaddruhaḥ kuntalāśca hūṇāḥ pāratakaiḥ saha || 64 ||
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tathaiva maradhāścīnāstathaiva daśamālikāḥ |
kṣatriyopaniveśāśca vaiśyaśūdrakulāni ca || 65 ||
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śūdrābhīrātha daradāḥ kāśmīrāḥ paśubhiḥ saha |
khaśikāśca tukhārāśca pallavā girigahvarāḥ || 66 ||
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ātreyāḥ sabharadvājāstathaiva stanayoṣikāḥ |
aupakāśca kaliṅgāśca kirātānāṃ ca jātayaḥ || 67 ||
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tāmarā haṃsamārgāśca tathaiva karabhañjakāḥ |
uddeśamātreṇa mayā deśāḥ saṃkīrtitāḥ prabho || 68 ||
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yathāguṇabalaṃ cāpi trivargasya mahāphalam |
duhyeddhenuḥ kāmadhukca bhūmiḥ samyaganuṣṭhitā || 69 ||
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tasyāṃ gṛdhyanti rājānaḥ śūrā dharmārthakovidāḥ |
te tyajantyāhave prāṇānrasāgṛddhāstarasvinaḥ || 70 ||
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devamānuṣakāyānāṃ kāmaṃ bhūmiḥ parāyaṇam |
anyonyasyāvalumpanti sārameyā ivāmiṣam || 71 ||
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rājāno bharataśreṣṭha bhoktukāmā vasuṃdharām |
na cāpi tṛptiḥ kāmānāṃ vidyate ceha kasyacit || 72 ||
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tasmātparigrahe bhūmeryatante kurupāṇḍavāḥ |
sāmnā dānena bhedena daṇḍenaiva ca pārthiva || 73 ||
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pitā mātā ca putraśca khaṃ dyauśca narapuṃgava |
bhūmirbhavati bhūtānāṃ samyagacchidradarśinī || 74 ||
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Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Chapter 10

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

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Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

Buy now!
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