Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 6.3.4

जायन्ते विवृतास्याश्च व्याहरन्तोऽशिवा गिरः ।
त्रिपदाः शिखिनस्तार्क्ष्याश्चतुर्दंष्ट्रा विषाणिनः ॥ ४ ॥

jāyante vivṛtāsyāśca vyāharanto'śivā giraḥ |
tripadāḥ śikhinastārkṣyāścaturdaṃṣṭrā viṣāṇinaḥ || 4 ||

Note! The following is not a translation of the above verse, but merely an arbitrary extract of the English text.

...earth is frequently trembling, and Rahu approaches towards the sun. The white planet (Ketu) stays, having passed beyond the constellation Citra. All this particularly...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (6.3.4). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Jayanta, Vivritasya, Vya, Tas, Ashiva, Gir, Gira, Tripada, Shikhin, Shikhina, Tarkshi, Tarkshya, Caturdamshtra, Vishanin,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 6.3.4). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “jāyante vivṛtāsyāśca vyāharanto'śivā giraḥ
  • jāyante -
  • jāyanta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    jai (verb class 1)
    [present middle third plural]
    jan (verb class 4)
    [present middle third plural]
  • vivṛtāsyāś -
  • vivṛtāsya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    vivṛtāsyā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • vyā -
  • vya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    vyā (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • aharan -
  • hṛ (verb class 1)
    [imperfect active third plural]
  • to' -
  • tas (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    tas (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    ta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • aśivā* -
  • aśiva (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    aśivā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • giraḥ -
  • gir (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    gir (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    gir (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    gira (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “tripadāḥ śikhinastārkṣyāścaturdaṃṣṭrā viṣāṇinaḥ
  • tripadāḥ -
  • tripada (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    tripadā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • śikhinas -
  • śikhin (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    śikhin (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    śikhina (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • tārkṣyāś -
  • tārkṣī (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    tārkṣya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • caturdaṃṣṭrā* -
  • caturdaṃṣṭra (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    caturdaṃṣṭrā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • viṣāṇinaḥ -
  • viṣāṇin (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    viṣāṇin (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 6.3.4

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

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Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 6.3.4 in Kannada sript:
ಜಾಯನ್ತೇ ವಿವೃತಾಸ್ಯಾಶ್ಚ ವ್ಯಾಹರನ್ತೋಽಶಿವಾ ಗಿರಃ ।
ತ್ರಿಪದಾಃ ಶಿಖಿನಸ್ತಾರ್ಕ್ಷ್ಯಾಶ್ಚತುರ್ದಂಷ್ಟ್ರಾ ವಿಷಾಣಿನಃ ॥ ೪ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 6.3.4 in Bengali sript:
জাযন্তে বিবৃতাস্যাশ্চ ব্যাহরন্তোঽশিবা গিরঃ ।
ত্রিপদাঃ শিখিনস্তার্ক্ষ্যাশ্চতুর্দংষ্ট্রা বিষাণিনঃ ॥ ৪ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 6.3.4 in Gujarati sript:
જાયન્તે વિવૃતાસ્યાશ્ચ વ્યાહરન્તોઽશિવા ગિરઃ ।
ત્રિપદાઃ શિખિનસ્તાર્ક્ષ્યાશ્ચતુર્દંષ્ટ્રા વિષાણિનઃ ॥ ૪ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 6.3.4 in Malayalam sript:
ജായന്തേ വിവൃതാസ്യാശ്ച വ്യാഹരന്തോഽശിവാ ഗിരഃ ।
ത്രിപദാഃ ശിഖിനസ്താര്ക്ഷ്യാശ്ചതുര്ദംഷ്ട്രാ വിഷാണിനഃ ॥ ൪ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 6.3.4 in Telugu sript:
జాయన్తే వివృతాస్యాశ్చ వ్యాహరన్తోఽశివా గిరః ।
త్రిపదాః శిఖినస్తార్క్ష్యాశ్చతుర్దంష్ట్రా విషాణినః ॥ ౪ ॥

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