Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 5.178.21

को जातु परभावां हि नारीं व्यालीमिव स्थिताम् ।
वासयेत गृहे जानन्स्त्रीणां दोषान्महात्ययान् ॥ २१ ॥

ko jātu parabhāvāṃ hi nārīṃ vyālīmiva sthitām |
vāsayeta gṛhe jānanstrīṇāṃ doṣānmahātyayān || 21 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...disgrace, O great Muni! At present, O holy one, even this is what has been my determination, viz., that that would be my highest duty which the holy Rama, O best of Brahmanas, might point...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (5.178.21). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Kah, Jatu, Parabhava, Nari, Vyali, Iva, Sthita, Grih, Griha, Janat, Stri, Dosha, Mahatyaya,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 5.178.21). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “ko jātu parabhāvāṃ hi nārīṃ vyālīmiva sthitām
  • ko* -
  • kaḥ (indeclinable interrogative)
    [indeclinable interrogative]
    ka (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    kaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • jātu -
  • jātu (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    jātu (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    jātu (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    jātu (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    jātū (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    jātū (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
    jātū (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • parabhāvām -
  • parabhāvā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • hi -
  • hi (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • nārīm -
  • nārī (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • vyālīm -
  • vyālī (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • iva -
  • iva (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    iva (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • sthitām -
  • sthitā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
    sthā -> sthitā (participle, feminine)
    [accusative single from √sthā class 1 verb]
  • Line 2: “vāsayeta gṛhe jānanstrīṇāṃ doṣānmahātyayān
  • vāsayeta -
  • vās (verb class 10)
    [optative active second plural], [optative middle third single]
    vas (verb class 0)
    [optative active second plural], [optative middle third single]
    vas (verb class 0)
    [optative active second plural], [optative middle third single]
    vas (verb class 0)
    [optative active second plural], [optative middle third single]
  • gṛhe -
  • gṛh (noun, masculine)
    [dative single]
    gṛh (noun, neuter)
    [dative single]
    gṛhā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • jānan -
  • jānat (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single], [vocative single]
    jñā -> jānat (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √jñā class 9 verb], [vocative single from √jñā class 9 verb]
  • strīṇām -
  • strī (noun, feminine)
    [genitive plural]
  • doṣān -
  • doṣa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative plural], [ablative single]
  • mahātyayān -
  • mahātyaya (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 5.178.21

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 5.178.21 in Kannada sript:
ಕೋ ಜಾತು ಪರಭಾವಾಂ ಹಿ ನಾರೀಂ ವ್ಯಾಲೀಮಿವ ಸ್ಥಿತಾಮ್ ।
ವಾಸಯೇತ ಗೃಹೇ ಜಾನನ್ಸ್ತ್ರೀಣಾಂ ದೋಷಾನ್ಮಹಾತ್ಯಯಾನ್ ॥ ೨೧ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 5.178.21 in Bengali sript:
কো জাতু পরভাবাং হি নারীং ব্যালীমিব স্থিতাম্ ।
বাসযেত গৃহে জানন্স্ত্রীণাং দোষান্মহাত্যযান্ ॥ ২১ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 5.178.21 in Gujarati sript:
કો જાતુ પરભાવાં હિ નારીં વ્યાલીમિવ સ્થિતામ્ ।
વાસયેત ગૃહે જાનન્સ્ત્રીણાં દોષાન્મહાત્યયાન્ ॥ ૨૧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 5.178.21 in Malayalam sript:
കോ ജാതു പരഭാവാം ഹി നാരീം വ്യാലീമിവ സ്ഥിതാമ് ।
വാസയേത ഗൃഹേ ജാനന്സ്ത്രീണാം ദോഷാന്മഹാത്യയാന് ॥ ൨൧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 5.178.21 in Telugu sript:
కో జాతు పరభావాం హి నారీం వ్యాలీమివ స్థితామ్ ।
వాసయేత గృహే జానన్స్త్రీణాం దోషాన్మహాత్యయాన్ ॥ ౨౧ ॥

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