Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 5.170.16

ते रथैर्मेघसंकाशैर्गजैश्च गजयोधिनः ।
पृष्ठ्यैश्चाश्वैर्महीपालाः समुत्पेतुरुदायुधाः ॥ १६ ॥

te rathairmeghasaṃkāśairgajaiśca gajayodhinaḥ |
pṛṣṭhyaiścāśvairmahīpālāḥ samutpeturudāyudhāḥ || 16 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...of strife, a great calamity is ready to overtake the Kurus! Strive then for slaying our antagonists. Be a man, fight with that Partha, whom you so often challengest. O you of wicked understanding...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (5.170.16). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Tad, Yushmad, Ratha, Megha, Sankasha, Gaja, Gajayodhin, Prishthya, Ashva, Mahipala, Samud, Udayudha,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 5.170.16). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “te rathairmeghasaṃkāśairgajaiśca gajayodhinaḥ
  • te -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [dative single], [genitive single]
  • rathair -
  • ratha (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
  • megha -
  • megha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    megha (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • saṅkāśair -
  • saṅkāśa (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
  • gajaiś -
  • gaja (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • gajayodhinaḥ -
  • gajayodhin (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    gajayodhin (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • Line 2: “pṛṣṭhyaiścāśvairmahīpālāḥ samutpeturudāyudhāḥ
  • pṛṣṭhyaiś -
  • pṛṣṭhya (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    pṛṣṭhya (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • aśvair -
  • aśva (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
  • mahīpālāḥ -
  • mahīpāla (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • samut -
  • samud (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    samud (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • petur -
  • pat (verb class 1)
    [perfect active third plural]
    pat (verb class 4)
    [perfect active third plural]
  • udāyudhāḥ -
  • udāyudha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    udāyudhā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 5.170.16

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 5.170.16 in Kannada sript:
ತೇ ರಥೈರ್ಮೇಘಸಂಕಾಶೈರ್ಗಜೈಶ್ಚ ಗಜಯೋಧಿನಃ ।
ಪೃಷ್ಠ್ಯೈಶ್ಚಾಶ್ವೈರ್ಮಹೀಪಾಲಾಃ ಸಮುತ್ಪೇತುರುದಾಯುಧಾಃ ॥ ೧೬ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 5.170.16 in Bengali sript:
তে রথৈর্মেঘসংকাশৈর্গজৈশ্চ গজযোধিনঃ ।
পৃষ্ঠ্যৈশ্চাশ্বৈর্মহীপালাঃ সমুত্পেতুরুদাযুধাঃ ॥ ১৬ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 5.170.16 in Gujarati sript:
તે રથૈર્મેઘસંકાશૈર્ગજૈશ્ચ ગજયોધિનઃ ।
પૃષ્ઠ્યૈશ્ચાશ્વૈર્મહીપાલાઃ સમુત્પેતુરુદાયુધાઃ ॥ ૧૬ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 5.170.16 in Malayalam sript:
തേ രഥൈര്മേഘസംകാശൈര്ഗജൈശ്ച ഗജയോധിനഃ ।
പൃഷ്ഠ്യൈശ്ചാശ്വൈര്മഹീപാലാഃ സമുത്പേതുരുദായുധാഃ ॥ ൧൬ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


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Preview of verse 5.170.16 in Telugu sript:
తే రథైర్మేఘసంకాశైర్గజైశ్చ గజయోధినః ।
పృష్ఠ్యైశ్చాశ్వైర్మహీపాలాః సముత్పేతురుదాయుధాః ॥ ౧౬ ॥

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