Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 5.164.20

स्वेन सैन्येन सहितः प्रतपञ्शत्रुवाहिनीम् ।
प्रधक्ष्यति स पाञ्चालान्कक्षं कृष्णगतिर्यथा ॥ २० ॥

svena sainyena sahitaḥ pratapañśatruvāhinīm |
pradhakṣyati sa pāñcālānkakṣaṃ kṛṣṇagatiryathā || 20 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...Duryodhana, regardest the kingdom as your own and think that the Pandavas have sunk into distress. You have been filled with pride at this. You seest not, however, danger that is in your...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (5.164.20). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Sva, Sainya, Sahitri, Sahita, Pratapat, Vahini, Pradha, Kshi, Ati, Pancala, Kaksha, Krishnagati, Yatha,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 5.164.20). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line1: “svena sainyena sahitaḥ pratapañśatruvāhinīm
  • svena -
  • sva (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    sva (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • sainyena -
  • sainya (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    sainya (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • sahitaḥ -
  • sahitṛ (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    sahita (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    sah -> sahita (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √sah class 1 verb], [nominative single from √sah class 10 verb]
  • pratapañś -
  • pratapat (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single], [vocative single]
  • śatru -
  • śatru (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
  • vāhinīm -
  • vāhinī (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • Line2: “pradhakṣyati sa pāñcālānkakṣaṃ kṛṣṇagatiryathā
  • pradha -
  • pradha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • kṣya -
  • kṣi (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • ati -
  • ati (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    ati (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • sa -
  • sa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • pāñcālān -
  • pāñcāla (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • kakṣam -
  • kakṣa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    kakṣā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • kṛṣṇagatir -
  • kṛṣṇagati (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • yathā -
  • yathā (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    yathā (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yathā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 5.164.20

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 5.164.20 in Kannada sript:
ಸ್ವೇನ ಸೈನ್ಯೇನ ಸಹಿತಃ ಪ್ರತಪಞ್ಶತ್ರುವಾಹಿನೀಮ್ ।
ಪ್ರಧಕ್ಷ್ಯತಿ ಸ ಪಾಞ್ಚಾಲಾನ್ಕಕ್ಷಂ ಕೃಷ್ಣಗತಿರ್ಯಥಾ ॥ ೨೦ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 5.164.20 in Bengali sript:
স্বেন সৈন্যেন সহিতঃ প্রতপঞ্শত্রুবাহিনীম্ ।
প্রধক্ষ্যতি স পাঞ্চালান্কক্ষং কৃষ্ণগতির্যথা ॥ ২০ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 5.164.20 in Gujarati sript:
સ્વેન સૈન્યેન સહિતઃ પ્રતપઞ્શત્રુવાહિનીમ્ ।
પ્રધક્ષ્યતિ સ પાઞ્ચાલાન્કક્ષં કૃષ્ણગતિર્યથા ॥ ૨૦ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 5.164.20 in Malayalam sript:
സ്വേന സൈന്യേന സഹിതഃ പ്രതപഞ്ശത്രുവാഹിനീമ് ।
പ്രധക്ഷ്യതി സ പാഞ്ചാലാന്കക്ഷം കൃഷ്ണഗതിര്യഥാ ॥ ൨൦ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 5.164.20 in Telugu sript:
స్వేన సైన్యేన సహితః ప్రతపఞ్శత్రువాహినీమ్ ।
ప్రధక్ష్యతి స పాఞ్చాలాన్కక్షం కృష్ణగతిర్యథా ॥ ౨౦ ॥

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