Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 5.153.33

वर्धमानो जयाशीर्भिर्निर्ययौ सैनिकैर्वृतः ।
आपगेयं पुरस्कृत्य भ्रातृभिः सहितस्तदा ।
स्कन्धावारेण महता कुरुक्षेत्रं जगाम ह ॥ ३३ ॥

vardhamāno jayāśīrbhirniryayau sainikairvṛtaḥ |
āpageyaṃ puraskṛtya bhrātṛbhiḥ sahitastadā |
skandhāvāreṇa mahatā kurukṣetraṃ jagāma ha || 33 ||

Note! The following is not a translation of the above verse, but merely an arbitrary extract of the English text.

...them in the command of his seven divisions. And above them all was placed in command of all the troops that Dhrishtadyumna who had sprung from the blazing (sacrificial) fire for the destruction...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (5.153.33). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Vardhamana, Jayashis, Sainika, Vrit, Vrita, Apageya, Puraskritya, Bhratri, Sahitri, Sahita, Tada, Skandhavara, Mahat, Mahata, Kurukshetra, Han,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 5.153.33). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “vardhamāno jayāśīrbhirniryayau sainikairvṛtaḥ
  • vardhamāno* -
  • vardhamāna (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    vṛdh -> vardhamāna (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √vṛdh class 1 verb]
  • jayāśīrbhir -
  • jayāśis (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental plural]
  • niryayau -
  • sainikair -
  • sainika (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    sainika (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • vṛtaḥ -
  • vṛt (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    vṛt (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    vṛta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    vṛ -> vṛta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √vṛ class 1 verb], [nominative single from √vṛ class 5 verb], [nominative single from √vṛ class 9 verb]
    vṛ -> vṛta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √vṛ class 5 verb], [nominative single from √vṛ class 9 verb]
  • Line 2: “āpageyaṃ puraskṛtya bhrātṛbhiḥ sahitastadā
  • āpageyam -
  • āpageya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
  • puraskṛtya -
  • puraskṛtya (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • bhrātṛbhiḥ -
  • bhrātṛ (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
  • sahitas -
  • sahitṛ (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    sahita (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    sah -> sahita (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √sah class 1 verb], [nominative single from √sah class 10 verb]
  • tadā -
  • tadā (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tadā (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tadā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tadā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 3: “skandhāvāreṇa mahatā kurukṣetraṃ jagāma ha
  • skandhāvāreṇa -
  • skandhāvāra (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
  • mahatā -
  • mahat (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    mahat (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
    mahatā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • kurukṣetram -
  • kurukṣetra (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    kurukṣetra (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • jagāma -
  • (verb class 3)
    [imperative active first plural]
    gam (verb class 1)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    gam (verb class 2)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    gam (verb class 3)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
  • ha -
  • ha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ha (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    han (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 5.153.33

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

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Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 5.153.33 in Kannada sript:
ವರ್ಧಮಾನೋ ಜಯಾಶೀರ್ಭಿರ್ನಿರ್ಯಯೌ ಸೈನಿಕೈರ್ವೃತಃ ।
ಆಪಗೇಯಂ ಪುರಸ್ಕೃತ್ಯ ಭ್ರಾತೃಭಿಃ ಸಹಿತಸ್ತದಾ ।
ಸ್ಕನ್ಧಾವಾರೇಣ ಮಹತಾ ಕುರುಕ್ಷೇತ್ರಂ ಜಗಾಮ ಹ ॥ ೩೩ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 5.153.33 in Bengali sript:
বর্ধমানো জযাশীর্ভির্নির্যযৌ সৈনিকৈর্বৃতঃ ।
আপগেযং পুরস্কৃত্য ভ্রাতৃভিঃ সহিতস্তদা ।
স্কন্ধাবারেণ মহতা কুরুক্ষেত্রং জগাম হ ॥ ৩৩ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 5.153.33 in Gujarati sript:
વર્ધમાનો જયાશીર્ભિર્નિર્યયૌ સૈનિકૈર્વૃતઃ ।
આપગેયં પુરસ્કૃત્ય ભ્રાતૃભિઃ સહિતસ્તદા ।
સ્કન્ધાવારેણ મહતા કુરુક્ષેત્રં જગામ હ ॥ ૩૩ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 5.153.33 in Malayalam sript:
വര്ധമാനോ ജയാശീര്ഭിര്നിര്യയൌ സൈനികൈര്വൃതഃ ।
ആപഗേയം പുരസ്കൃത്യ ഭ്രാതൃഭിഃ സഹിതസ്തദാ ।
സ്കന്ധാവാരേണ മഹതാ കുരുക്ഷേത്രം ജഗാമ ഹ ॥ ൩൩ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 5.153.33 in Telugu sript:
వర్ధమానో జయాశీర్భిర్నిర్యయౌ సైనికైర్వృతః ।
ఆపగేయం పురస్కృత్య భ్రాతృభిః సహితస్తదా ।
స్కన్ధావారేణ మహతా కురుక్షేత్రం జగామ హ ॥ ౩౩ ॥

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