Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 5.152.8

चित्रानीकाः सुवपुषो ज्वलिता इव पावकाः ।
तथा कवचिनः शूराः शस्त्रेषु कृतनिश्रमाः ॥ ८ ॥

citrānīkāḥ suvapuṣo jvalitā iva pāvakāḥ |
tathā kavacinaḥ śūrāḥ śastreṣu kṛtaniśramāḥ || 8 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...stationed on all sides. And the elephants also were furnished with rows of bells and pearls and decked with diverse ornaments. And on the back of each of those animals, mounted seven...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (5.152.8). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Citra, Suvapus, Jvalita, Iva, Pavaka, Tatha, Kavacin, Kavaci, Shura, Shastra, Krita, Nishrama,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 5.152.8). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “citrānīkāḥ suvapuṣo jvalitā iva pāvakāḥ
  • citrān -
  • citra (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • ī -
  • ī (noun, feminine)
    ī (noun, masculine)
    i (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • kāḥ -
  • kās (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    (pronoun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [accusative plural]
  • suvapuṣo* -
  • suvapus (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • jvalitā* -
  • jvalita (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    jvalitā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    jval -> jvalita (participle, masculine)
    [nominative plural from √jval class 1 verb], [vocative plural from √jval class 1 verb], [nominative plural from √jval], [vocative plural from √jval]
    jval -> jvalitā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative plural from √jval class 1 verb], [vocative plural from √jval class 1 verb], [accusative plural from √jval class 1 verb], [nominative plural from √jval], [vocative plural from √jval], [accusative plural from √jval]
  • iva -
  • iva (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    iva (indeclinable)
  • pāvakāḥ -
  • pāvaka (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    pāvakā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • Line 2: “tathā kavacinaḥ śūrāḥ śastreṣu kṛtaniśramāḥ
  • tathā -
  • tathā (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tathā (indeclinable)
    tathā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • kavacinaḥ -
  • kavacin (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    kavacin (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    kavacī (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • śūrāḥ -
  • śūra (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    śūrā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • śastreṣu -
  • śastra (noun, neuter)
    [locative plural]
    śastra (noun, masculine)
    [locative plural]
  • kṛta -
  • kṛta (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    kṛta (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    kṛ -> kṛta (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √kṛ class 1 verb], [vocative single from √kṛ class 2 verb], [vocative single from √kṛ class 5 verb], [vocative single from √kṛ class 8 verb]
    kṛ -> kṛta (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √kṛ class 1 verb], [vocative single from √kṛ class 2 verb], [vocative single from √kṛ class 5 verb], [vocative single from √kṛ class 8 verb]
    kṛ (verb class 1)
    [injunctive middle third single]
    kṛ (verb class 2)
    [imperative active second plural], [injunctive middle third single]
    kṛ (verb class 5)
    [injunctive middle third single]
    kṛ (verb class 8)
    [injunctive middle third single]
  • niśramāḥ -
  • niśrama (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 5.152.8

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 5.152.8 in Kannada sript:
ಚಿತ್ರಾನೀಕಾಃ ಸುವಪುಷೋ ಜ್ವಲಿತಾ ಇವ ಪಾವಕಾಃ ।
ತಥಾ ಕವಚಿನಃ ಶೂರಾಃ ಶಸ್ತ್ರೇಷು ಕೃತನಿಶ್ರಮಾಃ ॥ ೮ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 5.152.8 in Bengali sript:
চিত্রানীকাঃ সুবপুষো জ্বলিতা ইব পাবকাঃ ।
তথা কবচিনঃ শূরাঃ শস্ত্রেষু কৃতনিশ্রমাঃ ॥ ৮ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 5.152.8 in Gujarati sript:
ચિત્રાનીકાઃ સુવપુષો જ્વલિતા ઇવ પાવકાઃ ।
તથા કવચિનઃ શૂરાઃ શસ્ત્રેષુ કૃતનિશ્રમાઃ ॥ ૮ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 5.152.8 in Malayalam sript:
ചിത്രാനീകാഃ സുവപുഷോ ജ്വലിതാ ഇവ പാവകാഃ ।
തഥാ കവചിനഃ ശൂരാഃ ശസ്ത്രേഷു കൃതനിശ്രമാഃ ॥ ൮ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


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Preview of verse 5.152.8 in Telugu sript:
చిత్రానీకాః సువపుషో జ్వలితా ఇవ పావకాః ।
తథా కవచినః శూరాః శస్త్రేషు కృతనిశ్రమాః ॥ ౮ ॥

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