Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 5.146.6

नीचैः स्थित्वा तु विदुर उपास्ते स्म विनीतवत् ।
प्रेष्यवत्पुरुषव्याघ्रो वालव्यजनमुत्क्षिपन् ॥ ६ ॥

nīcaiḥ sthitvā tu vidura upāste sma vinītavat |
preṣyavatpuruṣavyāghro vālavyajanamutkṣipan || 6 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...the throne. It was especially for my mother, again, that I did so. I, therefore, begged them not to put me to the yoke. I again joined my hands and conciliated my mother, saying...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (5.146.6). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Nicaih, Nica, Sthitva, Vidura, Upasti, Sma, Itavat, Presh, Preshya, Avat, Purushavyaghra, Valavyajana, Mud, Kshipat,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 5.146.6). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “nīcaiḥ sthitvā tu vidura upāste sma vinītavat
  • nīcaiḥ -
  • nīcaiḥ (indeclinable)
    nīca (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    nīca (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • sthitvā -
  • sthitvā (indeclinable)
    sthā -> sthitvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √sthā]
  • tu -
  • tu (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • vidura* -
  • vidura (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • upāste -
  • upāsti (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
  • sma -
  • sma (indeclinable)
    sman (noun, masculine)
  • vinī -
  • vi (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
  • itavat -
  • i -> itavat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √i class 2 verb], [vocative single from √i class 2 verb], [accusative single from √i class 2 verb]
  • Line 2: “preṣyavatpuruṣavyāghro vālavyajanamutkṣipan
  • preṣya -
  • preṣya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    preṣya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    preṣ -> preṣya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √preṣ]
    preṣ (noun, feminine)
    [locative single]
    preṣ -> preṣya (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √preṣ class 1 verb]
    preṣ -> preṣya (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √preṣ class 1 verb]
    pre (verb class 2)
    [present active second single]
  • avat -
  • avat (noun, masculine)
    avat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    u -> avat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √u class 1 verb], [vocative single from √u class 1 verb], [accusative single from √u class 1 verb]
  • puruṣavyāghro* -
  • puruṣavyāghra (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • vālavyajana -
  • vālavyajana (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • mut -
  • mud (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
  • kṣipan -
  • kṣip -> kṣipat (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √kṣip class 6 verb], [vocative single from √kṣip class 6 verb]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 5.146.6

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 5.146.6 in Kannada sript:
ನೀಚೈಃ ಸ್ಥಿತ್ವಾ ತು ವಿದುರ ಉಪಾಸ್ತೇ ಸ್ಮ ವಿನೀತವತ್ ।
ಪ್ರೇಷ್ಯವತ್ಪುರುಷವ್ಯಾಘ್ರೋ ವಾಲವ್ಯಜನಮುತ್ಕ್ಷಿಪನ್ ॥ ೬ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 5.146.6 in Bengali sript:
নীচৈঃ স্থিত্বা তু বিদুর উপাস্তে স্ম বিনীতবত্ ।
প্রেষ্যবত্পুরুষব্যাঘ্রো বালব্যজনমুত্ক্ষিপন্ ॥ ৬ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 5.146.6 in Gujarati sript:
નીચૈઃ સ્થિત્વા તુ વિદુર ઉપાસ્તે સ્મ વિનીતવત્ ।
પ્રેષ્યવત્પુરુષવ્યાઘ્રો વાલવ્યજનમુત્ક્ષિપન્ ॥ ૬ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 5.146.6 in Malayalam sript:
നീചൈഃ സ്ഥിത്വാ തു വിദുര ഉപാസ്തേ സ്മ വിനീതവത് ।
പ്രേഷ്യവത്പുരുഷവ്യാഘ്രോ വാലവ്യജനമുത്ക്ഷിപന് ॥ ൬ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


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Preview of verse 5.146.6 in Telugu sript:
నీచైః స్థిత్వా తు విదుర ఉపాస్తే స్మ వినీతవత్ ।
ప్రేష్యవత్పురుషవ్యాఘ్రో వాలవ్యజనముత్క్షిపన్ ॥ ౬ ॥

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