Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 5.144.23

वैशंपायन उवाच ।
इति कर्णवचः श्रुत्वा कुन्ती दुःखात्प्रवेपती ।
उवाच पुत्रमाश्लिष्य कर्णं धैर्यादकम्पितम् ॥ २३ ॥

vaiśaṃpāyana uvāca |
iti karṇavacaḥ śrutvā kuntī duḥkhātpravepatī |
uvāca putramāśliṣya karṇaṃ dhairyādakampitam || 23 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...achievements and fame. If, indeed, I am a Kshatriya, I have, for you, been deprived of all the rites of a Kshatriya. What enemy would have done me a greater injury? Without showing me...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (5.144.23). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Vaishampayana, Iti, Karna, Vaca, Vacas, Kunti, Duhkha, Prava, Pat, Pati, Patin, Putra, Dhairya, Akampita,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 5.144.23). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “vaiśaṃpāyana uvāca
  • vaiśampāyana* -
  • vaiśampāyana (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • uvāca -
  • vac (verb class 2)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    vac (verb class 3)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
  • Line 2: “iti karṇavacaḥ śrutvā kuntī duḥkhātpravepatī
  • iti -
  • iti (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    iti (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
  • karṇa -
  • karṇa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • vacaḥ -
  • vacas (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    vacas (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    vaca (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • śrutvā -
  • śru -> śrutvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √śru]
  • kuntī -
  • kuntī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
    kunti (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • duḥkhāt -
  • duḥkha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    duḥkha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • prave -
  • prava (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    prava (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    pravā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    pru (verb class 1)
    [present middle first single]
  • patī -
  • patī (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
    patī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
    pat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    pati (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    pati (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    patin (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 3: “uvāca putramāśliṣya karṇaṃ dhairyādakampitam
  • uvāca -
  • vac (verb class 2)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    vac (verb class 3)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
  • putram -
  • putra (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    putra (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    putrā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • ā -
  • ā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    ā (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • śliṣya -
  • śliṣ -> śliṣya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √śliṣ]
    śliṣ -> śliṣya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √śliṣ]
    śliṣ (verb class 4)
    [imperative active second single]
  • karṇam -
  • karṇa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    karṇā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • dhairyād -
  • dhairya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • akampitam -
  • akampita (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    akampita (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    akampitā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 5.144.23

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 5.144.23 in Kannada sript:
ವೈಶಂಪಾಯನ ಉವಾಚ ।
ಇತಿ ಕರ್ಣವಚಃ ಶ್ರುತ್ವಾ ಕುನ್ತೀ ದುಃಖಾತ್ಪ್ರವೇಪತೀ ।
ಉವಾಚ ಪುತ್ರಮಾಶ್ಲಿಷ್ಯ ಕರ್ಣಂ ಧೈರ್ಯಾದಕಮ್ಪಿತಮ್ ॥ ೨೩ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 5.144.23 in Bengali sript:
বৈশংপাযন উবাচ ।
ইতি কর্ণবচঃ শ্রুত্বা কুন্তী দুঃখাত্প্রবেপতী ।
উবাচ পুত্রমাশ্লিষ্য কর্ণং ধৈর্যাদকম্পিতম্ ॥ ২৩ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 5.144.23 in Gujarati sript:
વૈશંપાયન ઉવાચ ।
ઇતિ કર્ણવચઃ શ્રુત્વા કુન્તી દુઃખાત્પ્રવેપતી ।
ઉવાચ પુત્રમાશ્લિષ્ય કર્ણં ધૈર્યાદકમ્પિતમ્ ॥ ૨૩ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 5.144.23 in Malayalam sript:
വൈശംപായന ഉവാച ।
ഇതി കര്ണവചഃ ശ്രുത്വാ കുന്തീ ദുഃഖാത്പ്രവേപതീ ।
ഉവാച പുത്രമാശ്ലിഷ്യ കര്ണം ധൈര്യാദകമ്പിതമ് ॥ ൨൩ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 5.144.23 in Telugu sript:
వైశంపాయన ఉవాచ ।
ఇతి కర్ణవచః శ్రుత్వా కున్తీ దుఃఖాత్ప్రవేపతీ ।
ఉవాచ పుత్రమాశ్లిష్య కర్ణం ధైర్యాదకమ్పితమ్ ॥ ౨౩ ॥

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