Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 5.142.3

उपपन्नो ह्यसौ राजा चेदिपाञ्चालकेकयैः ।
भीमार्जुनाभ्यां कृष्णेन युयुधानयमैरपि ॥ ३ ॥

upapanno hyasau rājā cedipāñcālakekayaiḥ |
bhīmārjunābhyāṃ kṛṣṇena yuyudhānayamairapi || 3 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...betray hatred for Brahmanas first, and then for their preceptors, and then for all their affectionate servants. The, eastern horizon of (Duryodhana’s encampment) appears red; the southern...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (5.142.3). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Upapanna, Asi, Asu, Adah, Raja, Rajan, Raj, Cedipa, Alaka, Kaya, Bhima, Arjuna, Krishna, Yuyudhana, Yama, Api,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 5.142.3). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “upapanno hyasau rājā cedipāñcālakekayaiḥ
  • upapanno* -
  • upapanna (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • hya -
  • hi (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • asau -
  • asi (noun, feminine)
    [locative single]
    asi (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    asu (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    adaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    adaḥ (pronoun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • rājā -
  • rājā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    rājan (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    rāj (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    rāj (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • cedipā -
  • cedipa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • añcā -
  • añc (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • alake -
  • alaka (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    alaka (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    alakā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • kayaiḥ -
  • kaya (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    kaya (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • Line 2: “bhīmārjunābhyāṃ kṛṣṇena yuyudhānayamairapi
  • bhīmā -
  • bhīma (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    bhīma (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    bhīmā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • arjunābhyām -
  • arjuna (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental dual], [dative dual], [ablative dual]
    arjuna (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental dual], [dative dual], [ablative dual]
    arjunā (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental dual], [dative dual], [ablative dual]
  • kṛṣṇena -
  • kṛṣṇa (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    kṛṣṇa (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • yuyudhāna -
  • yuyudhāna (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    yudh -> yuyudhāna (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √yudh class 1 verb], [vocative single from √yudh class 4 verb]
    yudh -> yuyudhāna (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √yudh class 1 verb], [vocative single from √yudh class 4 verb]
  • yamair -
  • yama (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    yama (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • api -
  • api (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    ap (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
    api (Preverb)

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 5.142.3

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 5.142.3 in Kannada sript:
ಉಪಪನ್ನೋ ಹ್ಯಸೌ ರಾಜಾ ಚೇದಿಪಾಞ್ಚಾಲಕೇಕಯೈಃ ।
ಭೀಮಾರ್ಜುನಾಭ್ಯಾಂ ಕೃಷ್ಣೇನ ಯುಯುಧಾನಯಮೈರಪಿ ॥ ೩ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 5.142.3 in Bengali sript:
উপপন্নো হ্যসৌ রাজা চেদিপাঞ্চালকেকযৈঃ ।
ভীমার্জুনাভ্যাং কৃষ্ণেন যুযুধানযমৈরপি ॥ ৩ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 5.142.3 in Gujarati sript:
ઉપપન્નો હ્યસૌ રાજા ચેદિપાઞ્ચાલકેકયૈઃ ।
ભીમાર્જુનાભ્યાં કૃષ્ણેન યુયુધાનયમૈરપિ ॥ ૩ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 5.142.3 in Malayalam sript:
ഉപപന്നോ ഹ്യസൌ രാജാ ചേദിപാഞ്ചാലകേകയൈഃ ।
ഭീമാര്ജുനാഭ്യാം കൃഷ്ണേന യുയുധാനയമൈരപി ॥ ൩ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


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Preview of verse 5.142.3 in Telugu sript:
ఉపపన్నో హ్యసౌ రాజా చేదిపాఞ్చాలకేకయైః ।
భీమార్జునాభ్యాం కృష్ణేన యుయుధానయమైరపి ॥ ౩ ॥

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