Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 5.115.1

गालव उवाच ।
महावीर्यो महीपालः काशीनामीश्वरः प्रभुः ।
दिवोदास इति ख्यातो भैमसेनिर्नराधिपः ॥ १ ॥

gālava uvāca |
mahāvīryo mahīpālaḥ kāśīnāmīśvaraḥ prabhuḥ |
divodāsa iti khyāto bhaimasenirnarādhipaḥ || 1 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...luminaries are seen to revolve regularly. It is in this region, O foremost of Brahmanas, that those illustrious and truth-speaking Munis called by the name of Dharma, guard the source...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (5.115.1). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Galava, Mahavirya, Mahipala, Kashi, Ishvara, Prabhu, Divodasa, Iti, Khyata, Khyat, Bhaimaseni, Naradhipa,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 5.115.1). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line1: “gālava uvāca
  • gālava* -
  • gālava (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • uvāca -
  • vac (verb class 2)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    vac (verb class 3)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
  • Line2: “mahāvīryo mahīpālaḥ kāśīnāmīśvaraḥ prabhuḥ
  • mahāvīryo* -
  • mahāvīrya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • mahīpālaḥ -
  • mahīpāla (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • kāśīnām -
  • kāśi (noun, feminine)
    [genitive plural]
    kāśi (noun, masculine)
    [genitive plural]
    kāśī (noun, feminine)
    [genitive plural]
  • īśvaraḥ -
  • īśvara (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • prabhuḥ -
  • prabhu (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    prabhu (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line3: “divodāsa iti khyāto bhaimasenirnarādhipaḥ
  • divodāsa* -
  • divodāsa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • iti -
  • iti (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    iti (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
  • khyāto* -
  • khyāta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    khyā -> khyāta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √khyā class 2 verb], [accusative plural from √khyā class 2 verb], [ablative single from √khyā class 2 verb], [genitive single from √khyā class 2 verb]
    khyā -> khyāt (participle, neuter)
    [ablative single from √khyā class 2 verb], [genitive single from √khyā class 2 verb]
    khyā (verb class 2)
    [present active third dual]
  • bhaimasenir -
  • bhaimaseni (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • narādhipaḥ -
  • narādhipa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 5.115.1

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 5.115.1 in Kannada sript:
ಗಾಲವ ಉವಾಚ ।
ಮಹಾವೀರ್ಯೋ ಮಹೀಪಾಲಃ ಕಾಶೀನಾಮೀಶ್ವರಃ ಪ್ರಭುಃ ।
ದಿವೋದಾಸ ಇತಿ ಖ್ಯಾತೋ ಭೈಮಸೇನಿರ್ನರಾಧಿಪಃ ॥ ೧ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 5.115.1 in Bengali sript:
গালব উবাচ ।
মহাবীর্যো মহীপালঃ কাশীনামীশ্বরঃ প্রভুঃ ।
দিবোদাস ইতি খ্যাতো ভৈমসেনির্নরাধিপঃ ॥ ১ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 5.115.1 in Gujarati sript:
ગાલવ ઉવાચ ।
મહાવીર્યો મહીપાલઃ કાશીનામીશ્વરઃ પ્રભુઃ ।
દિવોદાસ ઇતિ ખ્યાતો ભૈમસેનિર્નરાધિપઃ ॥ ૧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 5.115.1 in Malayalam sript:
ഗാലവ ഉവാച ।
മഹാവീര്യോ മഹീപാലഃ കാശീനാമീശ്വരഃ പ്രഭുഃ ।
ദിവോദാസ ഇതി ഖ്യാതോ ഭൈമസേനിര്നരാധിപഃ ॥ ൧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 5.115.1 in Telugu sript:
గాలవ ఉవాచ ।
మహావీర్యో మహీపాలః కాశీనామీశ్వరః ప్రభుః ।
దివోదాస ఇతి ఖ్యాతో భైమసేనిర్నరాధిపః ॥ ౧ ॥

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