Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 5.84.12

एकेनापि पतत्यह्ना योजनानि चतुर्दश ।
यानमश्वतरीयुक्तं दास्ये तस्मै तदप्यहम् ॥ १२ ॥

ekenāpi patatyahnā yojanāni caturdaśa |
yānamaśvatarīyuktaṃ dāsye tasmai tadapyaham || 12 ||

Note! The following is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...seen that the water artificially let in is dried up in consequence of providential drought. Beholding all this, the wise men of old have said that human affairs are set agoing in consequence...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (5.84.12). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Eka, Api, Patat, Ahan, Yojana, Caturdasha, Caturdashan, Yana, Ashvatari, Yuktam, Yukta, Dasya, Tad, Tat, Apya, Aha, Asmad,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 5.84.12). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “ekenāpi patatyahnā yojanāni caturdaśa
  • ekenā -
  • eka (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    eka (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • api -
  • api (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    ap (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
    api (Preverb)
  • patatya -
  • patat (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    patat (noun, neuter)
    [locative single], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    pat -> patat (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √pat class 1 verb]
    pat -> patat (participle, neuter)
    [locative single from √pat class 1 verb], [nominative dual from √pat class 1 verb], [vocative dual from √pat class 1 verb], [accusative dual from √pat class 1 verb]
    pat (verb class 1)
    [present active third single]
  • ahnā -
  • ahan (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • yojanāni -
  • yojana (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • caturdaśa -
  • caturdaśa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    caturdaśa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    caturdaśan (noun, masculine)
    caturdaśan (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • Line 2: “yānamaśvatarīyuktaṃ dāsye tasmai tadapyaham
  • yānam -
  • yāna (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    yāna (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    yānā (noun, feminine)
  • aśvatarī -
  • aśvatarī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
  • yuktam -
  • yuktam (indeclinable)
    yukta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    yukta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    yuktā (noun, feminine)
    yuj -> yukta (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √yuj class 7 verb]
    yuj -> yukta (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √yuj class 7 verb], [accusative single from √yuj class 7 verb]
  • dāsye -
  • dāsya (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    das -> dāsya (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √das]
    das -> dāsya (participle, neuter)
    [nominative dual from √das], [vocative dual from √das], [accusative dual from √das], [locative single from √das]
    das -> dāsyā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative dual from √das], [vocative single from √das], [vocative dual from √das], [accusative dual from √das]
    (verb class 1)
    [future middle first single]
    (verb class 3)
    [future middle first single]
    dās (verb class 1)
    [present passive first single]
    dās (verb class 5)
    [present passive first single]
    das (verb class 0)
    [present passive first single]
  • tasmai -
  • tad (noun, neuter)
    [dative single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [dative single]
  • tad -
  • tad (indeclinable)
    tad (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tat (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • apya -
  • apya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    api (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    ap (noun, neuter)
    [locative single], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • aham -
  • aha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    asmad (pronoun, none)
    [nominative single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 5.84.12

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 5.84.12 in Kannada sript:
ಏಕೇನಾಪಿ ಪತತ್ಯಹ್ನಾ ಯೋಜನಾನಿ ಚತುರ್ದಶ ।
ಯಾನಮಶ್ವತರೀಯುಕ್ತಂ ದಾಸ್ಯೇ ತಸ್ಮೈ ತದಪ್ಯಹಮ್ ॥ ೧೨ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 5.84.12 in Bengali sript:
একেনাপি পতত্যহ্না যোজনানি চতুর্দশ ।
যানমশ্বতরীযুক্তং দাস্যে তস্মৈ তদপ্যহম্ ॥ ১২ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

Buy now!

Preview of verse 5.84.12 in Gujarati sript:
એકેનાપિ પતત્યહ્ના યોજનાનિ ચતુર્દશ ।
યાનમશ્વતરીયુક્તં દાસ્યે તસ્મૈ તદપ્યહમ્ ॥ ૧૨ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 5.84.12 in Malayalam sript:
ഏകേനാപി പതത്യഹ്നാ യോജനാനി ചതുര്ദശ ।
യാനമശ്വതരീയുക്തം ദാസ്യേ തസ്മൈ തദപ്യഹമ് ॥ ൧൨ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


Buy now!

Preview of verse 5.84.12 in Telugu sript:
ఏకేనాపి పతత్యహ్నా యోజనాని చతుర్దశ ।
యానమశ్వతరీయుక్తం దాస్యే తస్మై తదప్యహమ్ ॥ ౧౨ ॥

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