Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 5.48.43

यदाह भरतश्रेष्ठो भीष्मस्तत्क्रियतां नृप ।
न काममर्थलिप्सूनां वचनं कर्तुमर्हसि ॥ ४३ ॥

yadāha bharataśreṣṭho bhīṣmastatkriyatāṃ nṛpa |
na kāmamarthalipsūnāṃ vacanaṃ kartumarhasi || 43 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...must not harbour anger. Even this is the first step of Brahmacarya. (1) The practices of that disciple who acquires knowledge by observing the duties ordained for one of his class...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (5.48.43). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Yada, Yad, Aha, Bharatashreshtha, Bhishma, Tatkriya, Nripa, Kamam, Kama, Artha, Lipsu, Vacana, Kartu,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 5.48.43). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “yadāha bharataśreṣṭho bhīṣmastatkriyatāṃ nṛpa
  • yadā -
  • yadā (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    yadā (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yadā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    yad (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
  • aha -
  • aha (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • bharataśreṣṭho* -
  • bharataśreṣṭha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • bhīṣmas -
  • bhīṣma (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • tatkriya -
  • tatkriya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    tatkriya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • tām -
  • (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • nṛpa -
  • nṛpa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • Line 2: “na kāmamarthalipsūnāṃ vacanaṃ kartumarhasi
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • kāmam -
  • kāmam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    kāma (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    kāma (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    kāmā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • artha -
  • artha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    artha (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    arth (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • lipsūnām -
  • lipsu (noun, masculine)
    [genitive plural]
    lipsu (noun, neuter)
    [genitive plural]
    lipsu (noun, feminine)
    [genitive plural]
  • vacanam -
  • vacana (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    vacana (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    vacanā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • kartum -
  • kṛ -> kartum (infinitive)
    [infinitive from √kṛ]
    kṛ -> kartum (infinitive)
    [infinitive from √kṛ]
    kṛ -> kartum (infinitive)
    [infinitive from √kṛ]
    kṛ -> kartum (infinitive)
    [infinitive from √kṛ]
    kṛ -> kartum (infinitive)
    [infinitive from √kṛ]
    kṛ -> kartum (infinitive)
    [infinitive from √kṛ]
    kartu (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
    kartu (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • arhasi -
  • arh (verb class 1)
    [present active second single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 5.48.43

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

Buy now!

Preview of verse 5.48.43 in Kannada sript:
ಯದಾಹ ಭರತಶ್ರೇಷ್ಠೋ ಭೀಷ್ಮಸ್ತತ್ಕ್ರಿಯತಾಂ ನೃಪ ।
ನ ಕಾಮಮರ್ಥಲಿಪ್ಸೂನಾಂ ವಚನಂ ಕರ್ತುಮರ್ಹಸಿ ॥ ೪೩ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

Buy now!
Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

Buy now!

Preview of verse 5.48.43 in Bengali sript:
যদাহ ভরতশ্রেষ্ঠো ভীষ্মস্তত্ক্রিযতাং নৃপ ।
ন কামমর্থলিপ্সূনাং বচনং কর্তুমর্হসি ॥ ৪৩ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

Buy now!

Preview of verse 5.48.43 in Gujarati sript:
યદાહ ભરતશ્રેષ્ઠો ભીષ્મસ્તત્ક્રિયતાં નૃપ ।
ન કામમર્થલિપ્સૂનાં વચનં કર્તુમર્હસિ ॥ ૪૩ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

Buy now!

Preview of verse 5.48.43 in Malayalam sript:
യദാഹ ഭരതശ്രേഷ്ഠോ ഭീഷ്മസ്തത്ക്രിയതാം നൃപ ।
ന കാമമര്ഥലിപ്സൂനാം വചനം കര്തുമര്ഹസി ॥ ൪൩ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

Buy now!

Preview of verse 5.48.43 in Telugu sript:
యదాహ భరతశ్రేష్ఠో భీష్మస్తత్క్రియతాం నృప ।
న కామమర్థలిప్సూనాం వచనం కర్తుమర్హసి ॥ ౪౩ ॥

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: