Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 5.47.2

संजय उवाच ।
दुर्योधनो वाचमिमां शृणोतु यदब्रवीदर्जुनो योत्स्यमानः ।
युधिष्ठिरस्यानुमते महात्मा धनंजयः शृण्वतः केशवस्य ॥ २ ॥

saṃjaya uvāca |
duryodhano vācamimāṃ śṛṇotu yadabravīdarjuno yotsyamānaḥ |
yudhiṣṭhirasyānumate mahātmā dhanaṃjayaḥ śṛṇvataḥ keśavasya || 2 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...along with his desires. He, however, that can renounce desire, can certainly drive away all kinds of woe. Desire is, indeed, ignorance and darkness and hell in respect of all creatures...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (5.47.2). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Sanjaya, Duryodhana, Vac, Vaca, Iyam, Idam, Yat, Yad, Arjuna, Yotsyamana, Yudhishthira, Anumate, Anumata, Anumati, Mahatma, Dhananjaya, Shrinvat, Keshava,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 5.47.2). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “saṃjaya uvāca
  • sañjaya* -
  • sañjaya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • uvāca -
  • vac (verb class 2)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    vac (verb class 3)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
  • Line 2: “duryodhano vācamimāṃ śṛṇotu yadabravīdarjuno yotsyamānaḥ
  • duryodhano* -
  • duryodhana (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • vācam -
  • vācā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    vāca (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    vāc (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • imām -
  • iyam (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
    idam (pronoun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • śṛṇotu -
  • śru (verb class 5)
    [imperative active third single]
  • yad -
  • yat (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yat (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
    yad (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    yat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    i -> yat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √i class 2 verb], [vocative single from √i class 2 verb], [accusative single from √i class 2 verb]
    yat (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • abravīd -
  • brū (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active third single]
  • arjuno* -
  • arjuna (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • yotsyamānaḥ -
  • yudh -> yotsyamāna (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √yudh class 1 verb], [nominative single from √yudh class 4 verb]
  • Line 3: “yudhiṣṭhirasyānumate mahātmā dhanaṃjayaḥ śṛṇvataḥ keśavasya
  • yudhiṣṭhirasyā -
  • yudhiṣṭhira (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
  • anumate -
  • anumate (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    anumata (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    anumata (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    anumatā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    anumati (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
  • mahātmā* -
  • mahātmā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • dhanañjayaḥ -
  • dhanañjaya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • śṛṇvataḥ -
  • śru -> śṛṇvat (participle, masculine)
    [accusative plural from √śru class 5 verb], [ablative single from √śru class 5 verb], [genitive single from √śru class 5 verb]
    śru -> śṛṇvat (participle, neuter)
    [ablative single from √śru class 5 verb], [genitive single from √śru class 5 verb]
  • keśavasya -
  • keśava (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    keśava (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 5.47.2

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 5.47.2 in Kannada sript:
ಸಂಜಯ ಉವಾಚ ।
ದುರ್ಯೋಧನೋ ವಾಚಮಿಮಾಂ ಶೃಣೋತು ಯದಬ್ರವೀದರ್ಜುನೋ ಯೋತ್ಸ್ಯಮಾನಃ ।
ಯುಧಿಷ್ಠಿರಸ್ಯಾನುಮತೇ ಮಹಾತ್ಮಾ ಧನಂಜಯಃ ಶೃಣ್ವತಃ ಕೇಶವಸ್ಯ ॥ ೨ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 5.47.2 in Bengali sript:
সংজয উবাচ ।
দুর্যোধনো বাচমিমাং শৃণোতু যদব্রবীদর্জুনো যোত্স্যমানঃ ।
যুধিষ্ঠিরস্যানুমতে মহাত্মা ধনংজযঃ শৃণ্বতঃ কেশবস্য ॥ ২ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 5.47.2 in Gujarati sript:
સંજય ઉવાચ ।
દુર્યોધનો વાચમિમાં શૃણોતુ યદબ્રવીદર્જુનો યોત્સ્યમાનઃ ।
યુધિષ્ઠિરસ્યાનુમતે મહાત્મા ધનંજયઃ શૃણ્વતઃ કેશવસ્ય ॥ ૨ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 5.47.2 in Malayalam sript:
സംജയ ഉവാച ।
ദുര്യോധനോ വാചമിമാം ശൃണോതു യദബ്രവീദര്ജുനോ യോത്സ്യമാനഃ ।
യുധിഷ്ഠിരസ്യാനുമതേ മഹാത്മാ ധനംജയഃ ശൃണ്വതഃ കേശവസ്യ ॥ ൨ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 5.47.2 in Telugu sript:
సంజయ ఉవాచ ।
దుర్యోధనో వాచమిమాం శృణోతు యదబ్రవీదర్జునో యోత్స్యమానః ।
యుధిష్ఠిరస్యానుమతే మహాత్మా ధనంజయః శృణ్వతః కేశవస్య ॥ ౨ ॥

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