Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 5.31.2

उत बालाय पाण्डित्यं पण्डितायोत बालताम् ।
ददाति सर्वमीशानः पुरस्ताच्छुक्रमुच्चरन् ॥ २ ॥

uta bālāya pāṇḍityaṃ paṇḍitāyota bālatām |
dadāti sarvamīśānaḥ purastācchukramuccaran || 2 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...king in the matter of his revenue or as his door-keepers, or as the leaders of his troops, or as the accountants of his income and outlay, or as officers constantly occupied in looking...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (5.31.2). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Uta, Bala, Panditya, Pandita, Balata, Sarvam, Sarva, Ishana,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 5.31.2). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “uta bālāya pāṇḍityaṃ paṇḍitāyota bālatām
  • uta -
  • uta (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    uta (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    -> uta (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √ class 1 verb]
    -> uta (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √ class 1 verb]
    u (verb class 2)
    [imperative active second plural]
  • bālāya -
  • bāla (noun, masculine)
    [dative single]
    bāla (noun, neuter)
    [dative single]
  • pāṇḍityam -
  • pāṇḍitya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • paṇḍitāyo -
  • paṇḍita (noun, masculine)
    [dative single]
    paṇḍita (noun, neuter)
    [dative single]
    paṇḍ -> paṇḍita (participle, masculine)
    [dative single from √paṇḍ class 1 verb], [dative single from √paṇḍ class 10 verb]
    paṇḍ -> paṇḍita (participle, neuter)
    [dative single from √paṇḍ class 1 verb], [dative single from √paṇḍ class 10 verb]
  • uta -
  • uta (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    uta (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    -> uta (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √ class 1 verb]
    -> uta (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √ class 1 verb]
    u (verb class 2)
    [imperative active second plural]
  • bālatām -
  • bālatā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • Line 2: “dadāti sarvamīśānaḥ purastācchukramuccaran
  • dadāti -
  • dadāti (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    (verb class 3)
    [present active third single]
  • sarvam -
  • sarvam (indeclinable)
    sarva (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    sarva (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • īśānaḥ -
  • īśāna (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    īś -> īśāna (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √īś class 2 verb]
  • Cannot analyse purastācchukramuccaran

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 5.31.2

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 5.31.2 in Kannada sript:
ಉತ ಬಾಲಾಯ ಪಾಣ್ಡಿತ್ಯಂ ಪಣ್ಡಿತಾಯೋತ ಬಾಲತಾಮ್ ।
ದದಾತಿ ಸರ್ವಮೀಶಾನಃ ಪುರಸ್ತಾಚ್ಛುಕ್ರಮುಚ್ಚರನ್ ॥ ೨ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 5.31.2 in Bengali sript:
উত বালায পাণ্ডিত্যং পণ্ডিতাযোত বালতাম্ ।
দদাতি সর্বমীশানঃ পুরস্তাচ্ছুক্রমুচ্চরন্ ॥ ২ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 5.31.2 in Gujarati sript:
ઉત બાલાય પાણ્ડિત્યં પણ્ડિતાયોત બાલતામ્ ।
દદાતિ સર્વમીશાનઃ પુરસ્તાચ્છુક્રમુચ્ચરન્ ॥ ૨ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 5.31.2 in Malayalam sript:
ഉത ബാലായ പാണ്ഡിത്യം പണ്ഡിതായോത ബാലതാമ് ।
ദദാതി സര്വമീശാനഃ പുരസ്താച്ഛുക്രമുച്ചരന് ॥ ൨ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


Buy now!

Preview of verse 5.31.2 in Telugu sript:
ఉత బాలాయ పాణ్డిత్యం పణ్డితాయోత బాలతామ్ ।
దదాతి సర్వమీశానః పురస్తాచ్ఛుక్రముచ్చరన్ ॥ ౨ ॥

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