Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 4.59.21

प्राजापत्यं तथैवैन्द्रमाग्नेयं च सुदारुणम् ।
कौबेरं वारुणं चैव याम्यं वायव्यमेव च ।
प्रयुञ्जानौ महात्मानौ समरे तौ विचेरतुः ॥ २१ ॥

prājāpatyaṃ tathaivaindramāgneyaṃ ca sudāruṇam |
kauberaṃ vāruṇaṃ caiva yāmyaṃ vāyavyameva ca |
prayuñjānau mahātmānau samare tau viceratuḥ || 21 ||

Note! The following is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...'Then while a great havoc was being made among the Kurus, Santanu’s son, Bhishma, and grandsire of the Bharatas rushed at Arjuna, taking up an excellent bow adorned with gold, and many arrows also...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (4.59.21). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Prajapatya, Tatha, Aindra, Agneya, Sudaruna, Kaubera, Varuna, Yamya, Vayavya, Eva, Pra, Yunjana, Mahatman, Samara, Vici,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 4.59.21). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “prājāpatyaṃ tathaivaindramāgneyaṃ ca sudāruṇam
  • prājāpatyam -
  • prājāpatya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    prājāpatya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    prājāpatyā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • tathai -
  • tathā (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tathā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tatha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    tatha (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    tathā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • aivai -
  • i (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active first dual]
  • aindram -
  • aindra (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    aindra (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • āgneyam -
  • āgneya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    āgneya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    āgneyā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • sudāruṇam -
  • sudāruṇa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    sudāruṇa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    sudāruṇā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • Line 2: “kauberaṃ vāruṇaṃ caiva yāmyaṃ vāyavyameva ca
  • kauberam -
  • kaubera (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    kaubera (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • vāruṇam -
  • vāruṇa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    vāruṇa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    vāruṇā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • cai -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • aiva -
  • i (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active first dual]
  • yāmyam -
  • yāmyā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    yāmya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    yāmya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • vāyavyam -
  • vāyavya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    vāyavya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    vāyavyā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • eva -
  • eva (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    eva (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    eva (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • Line 3: “prayuñ;jānau mahātmānau samare tau viceratuḥ
  • pra -
  • pra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    pra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • yuñjānau -
  • yuñjāna (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    yuj -> yuñjāna (participle, masculine)
    [nominative dual from √yuj class 7 verb], [vocative dual from √yuj class 7 verb], [accusative dual from √yuj class 7 verb]
  • mahātmānau -
  • mahātman (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • samare -
  • samara (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
  • tau -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
  • vicer -
  • vici (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • ra -
  • ra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • tuḥ -
  • tur (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    tur (noun, neuter)
    [adverb]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 4.59.21

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

Buy now!

Preview of verse 4.59.21 in Kannada sript:
ಪ್ರಾಜಾಪತ್ಯಂ ತಥೈವೈನ್ದ್ರಮಾಗ್ನೇಯಂ ಚ ಸುದಾರುಣಮ್ ।
ಕೌಬೇರಂ ವಾರುಣಂ ಚೈವ ಯಾಮ್ಯಂ ವಾಯವ್ಯಮೇವ ಚ ।
ಪ್ರಯುಞ್ಜಾನೌ ಮಹಾತ್ಮಾನೌ ಸಮರೇ ತೌ ವಿಚೇರತುಃ ॥ ೨೧ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

Buy now!
Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 4.59.21 in Bengali sript:
প্রাজাপত্যং তথৈবৈন্দ্রমাগ্নেযং চ সুদারুণম্ ।
কৌবেরং বারুণং চৈব যাম্যং বাযব্যমেব চ ।
প্রযুঞ্জানৌ মহাত্মানৌ সমরে তৌ বিচেরতুঃ ॥ ২১ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

Buy now!

Preview of verse 4.59.21 in Gujarati sript:
પ્રાજાપત્યં તથૈવૈન્દ્રમાગ્નેયં ચ સુદારુણમ્ ।
કૌબેરં વારુણં ચૈવ યામ્યં વાયવ્યમેવ ચ ।
પ્રયુઞ્જાનૌ મહાત્માનૌ સમરે તૌ વિચેરતુઃ ॥ ૨૧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

Buy now!

Preview of verse 4.59.21 in Malayalam sript:
പ്രാജാപത്യം തഥൈവൈന്ദ്രമാഗ്നേയം ച സുദാരുണമ് ।
കൌബേരം വാരുണം ചൈവ യാമ്യം വായവ്യമേവ ച ।
പ്രയുഞ്ജാനൌ മഹാത്മാനൌ സമരേ തൌ വിചേരതുഃ ॥ ൨൧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

Buy now!

Preview of verse 4.59.21 in Telugu sript:
ప్రాజాపత్యం తథైవైన్ద్రమాగ్నేయం చ సుదారుణమ్ ।
కౌబేరం వారుణం చైవ యామ్యం వాయవ్యమేవ చ ।
ప్రయుఞ్జానౌ మహాత్మానౌ సమరే తౌ విచేరతుః ॥ ౨౧ ॥

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