Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 4.59.9

ध्वजं चैवास्य कौन्तेयः शरैरभ्यहनद्दृढम् ।
शीघ्रकृद्रथवाहांश्च तथोभौ पार्ष्णिसारथी ॥ ९ ॥

dhvajaṃ caivāsya kaunteyaḥ śarairabhyahanaddṛḍham |
śīghrakṛdrathavāhāṃśca tathobhau pārṣṇisārathī || 9 ||

Note! The following is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...turbans, ear-rings and necklaces of gold, and the earth looked beautiful by being scattered all over with human trunks mangled by shafts, and arms having bows in their grasp and hands decked with...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (4.59.9). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Dhvaja, Idam, Kaunteya, Shara, Abhi, Dridha, Shighrakrit, Rathavaha, Tatha, Ubha, Parshnisarathi,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 4.59.9). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “dhvajaṃ caivāsya kaunteyaḥ śarairabhyahanaddṛḍham
  • dhvajam -
  • dhvaja (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    dhvajā (noun, feminine)
  • cai -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • aivā -
  • i (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active first dual]
  • asya -
  • as -> asya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √as]
    a (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    idam (pronoun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    idam (pronoun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
    as (verb class 4)
    [imperative active second single]
  • kaunteyaḥ -
  • kaunteya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • śarair -
  • śara (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    śara (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • abhya -
  • abhi (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    abhi (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    abhi (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    abhi (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    abhī (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [compound]
    abhī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    abhī (noun, feminine)
    [adverb], [compound]
    abhi (Preverb)
  • ahanad -
  • han (verb class 1)
    [imperfect active third single]
  • dṛḍham -
  • dṛḍha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    dṛḍha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    dṛḍhā (noun, feminine)
  • Line 2: “śīghrakṛdrathavāhāṃśca tathobhau pārṣṇisārathī
  • śīghrakṛd -
  • śīghrakṛt (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    śīghrakṛt (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • rathavāhāṃś -
  • rathavāha (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • tatho -
  • tatha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    tatha (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    tathā (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tathā (indeclinable)
    tathā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • ubhau -
  • ubha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • pārṣṇisārathī -
  • pārṣṇisārathi (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 4.59.9

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 4.59.9 in Kannada sript:
ಧ್ವಜಂ ಚೈವಾಸ್ಯ ಕೌನ್ತೇಯಃ ಶರೈರಭ್ಯಹನದ್ದೃಢಮ್ ।
ಶೀಘ್ರಕೃದ್ರಥವಾಹಾಂಶ್ಚ ತಥೋಭೌ ಪಾರ್ಷ್ಣಿಸಾರಥೀ ॥ ೯ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 4.59.9 in Bengali sript:
ধ্বজং চৈবাস্য কৌন্তেযঃ শরৈরভ্যহনদ্দৃঢম্ ।
শীঘ্রকৃদ্রথবাহাংশ্চ তথোভৌ পার্ষ্ণিসারথী ॥ ৯ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

Buy now!

Preview of verse 4.59.9 in Gujarati sript:
ધ્વજં ચૈવાસ્ય કૌન્તેયઃ શરૈરભ્યહનદ્દૃઢમ્ ।
શીઘ્રકૃદ્રથવાહાંશ્ચ તથોભૌ પાર્ષ્ણિસારથી ॥ ૯ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 4.59.9 in Malayalam sript:
ധ്വജം ചൈവാസ്യ കൌന്തേയഃ ശരൈരഭ്യഹനദ്ദൃഢമ് ।
ശീഘ്രകൃദ്രഥവാഹാംശ്ച തഥോഭൌ പാര്ഷ്ണിസാരഥീ ॥ ൯ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


Buy now!

Preview of verse 4.59.9 in Telugu sript:
ధ్వజం చైవాస్య కౌన్తేయః శరైరభ్యహనద్దృఢమ్ ।
శీఘ్రకృద్రథవాహాంశ్చ తథోభౌ పార్ష్ణిసారథీ ॥ ౯ ॥

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