Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 4.53.55

अथान्तरिक्षे नादोऽभूद्द्रोणं तत्र प्रशंसताम् ।
दुष्करं कृतवान्द्रोणो यदर्जुनमयोधयत् ॥ ५५ ॥

athāntarikṣe nādo'bhūddroṇaṃ tatra praśaṃsatām |
duṣkaraṃ kṛtavāndroṇo yadarjunamayodhayat || 55 ||

Note! The following is not a translation of the above verse, but merely an arbitrary extract of the English text.

...those excellent steeds red in hue mingling in battle with Arjuna’s steeds of swan-like whiteness endued with the speed of the mind, all the spectators were filled with wonder. And seeing on the field...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (4.53.55). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Atha, Antariksha, Nada, Drona, Tatra, Prashamsat, Dushkara, Kritavat, Yada, Yad, Riju, Nami, Dha, Yat,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 4.53.55). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “athāntarikṣe nādo'bhūddroṇaṃ tatra praśaṃsatām
  • athā -
  • athā (indeclinable)
    atha (indeclinable)
  • antarikṣe -
  • antarikṣa (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
  • nādo' -
  • nāda (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • abhūd -
  • bhū (verb class 1)
    [aorist active third single]
  • droṇam -
  • droṇa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    droṇa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    droṇā (noun, feminine)
  • tatra -
  • tatra (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tatra (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tatra (indeclinable)
  • praśaṃsatām -
  • praśaṃsat (noun, masculine)
    [genitive plural]
    praśaṃsat (noun, feminine)
    [genitive plural]
    praśaṃsat (noun, neuter)
    [genitive plural]
  • Line 2: “duṣkaraṃ kṛtavāndroṇo yadarjunamayodhayat
  • duṣkaram -
  • duṣkara (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    duṣkara (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    duṣkarā (noun, feminine)
  • kṛtavān -
  • kṛtavat (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    kṛ -> kṛtavat (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √kṛ class 1 verb], [nominative single from √kṛ class 2 verb], [nominative single from √kṛ class 5 verb], [nominative single from √kṛ class 8 verb]
  • droṇo* -
  • droṇa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • yadar -
  • yadā (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    yadā (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yadā (indeclinable)
    yad (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
  • ṛju -
  • ṛju (indeclinable)
    ṛju (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    ṛju (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    ṛju (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • namayo -
  • nami (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • dha -
  • dha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    dha (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • yat -
  • yat (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yat (noun, masculine)
    yad (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    yat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    i -> yat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √i class 2 verb], [vocative single from √i class 2 verb], [accusative single from √i class 2 verb]
    yat (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 4.53.55

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 4.53.55 in Kannada sript:
ಅಥಾನ್ತರಿಕ್ಷೇ ನಾದೋಽಭೂದ್ದ್ರೋಣಂ ತತ್ರ ಪ್ರಶಂಸತಾಮ್ ।
ದುಷ್ಕರಂ ಕೃತವಾನ್ದ್ರೋಣೋ ಯದರ್ಜುನಮಯೋಧಯತ್ ॥ ೫೫ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 4.53.55 in Bengali sript:
অথান্তরিক্ষে নাদোঽভূদ্দ্রোণং তত্র প্রশংসতাম্ ।
দুষ্করং কৃতবান্দ্রোণো যদর্জুনমযোধযত্ ॥ ৫৫ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 4.53.55 in Gujarati sript:
અથાન્તરિક્ષે નાદોઽભૂદ્દ્રોણં તત્ર પ્રશંસતામ્ ।
દુષ્કરં કૃતવાન્દ્રોણો યદર્જુનમયોધયત્ ॥ ૫૫ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 4.53.55 in Malayalam sript:
അഥാന്തരിക്ഷേ നാദോഽഭൂദ്ദ്രോണം തത്ര പ്രശംസതാമ് ।
ദുഷ്കരം കൃതവാന്ദ്രോണോ യദര്ജുനമയോധയത് ॥ ൫൫ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


Buy now!

Preview of verse 4.53.55 in Telugu sript:
అథాన్తరిక్షే నాదోఽభూద్ద్రోణం తత్ర ప్రశంసతామ్ ।
దుష్కరం కృతవాన్ద్రోణో యదర్జునమయోధయత్ ॥ ౫౫ ॥

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