Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 4.49.23

स पार्थमुक्तैर्विशिखैः प्रणुन्नो गजो गजेनेव जितस्तरस्वी ।
विहाय संग्रामशिरः प्रयातो वैकर्तनः पाण्डवबाणतप्तः ॥ २३ ॥

sa pārthamuktairviśikhaiḥ praṇunno gajo gajeneva jitastarasvī |
vihāya saṃgrāmaśiraḥ prayāto vaikartanaḥ pāṇḍavabāṇataptaḥ || 23 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...his car, and car-driver invisible by means of a frightful shower of countless arrows. And the warriors of the Bharatas headed by Bhishma, with their horses, elephants, and cars, pierced by Kiritin...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (4.49.23). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Partha, Ukta, Vishikha, Pranunna, Gaja, Iva, Jit, Jita, Tarasvin, Tarasvi, Vihaya, Viha, Sangramashiras, Prayatri, Prayata, Vaikartana, Pandava, Bana, Taptri, Tapta,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 4.49.23). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “sa pārthamuktairviśikhaiḥ praṇunno gajo gajeneva jitastarasvī
  • sa -
  • sa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • pārtham -
  • pārtha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    pārtha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • uktair -
  • ukta (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    ukta (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
    vac -> ukta (participle, masculine)
    [instrumental plural from √vac class 2 verb], [instrumental plural from √vac class 3 verb]
    vac -> ukta (participle, neuter)
    [instrumental plural from √vac class 2 verb], [instrumental plural from √vac class 3 verb]
  • viśikhaiḥ -
  • viśikha (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    viśikha (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • praṇunno* -
  • praṇunna (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • gajo* -
  • gaja (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • gajene -
  • gaja (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
  • iva -
  • iva (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    iva (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • jitas -
  • jit (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    jit (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    jita (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    ji -> jita (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √ji class 1 verb], [nominative single from √ji class 9 verb]
  • tarasvī -
  • tarasvī (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
    tarasvī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
    tarasvin (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “vihāya saṃgrāmaśiraḥ prayāto vaikartanaḥ pāṇḍavabāṇataptaḥ
  • vihāya -
  • vihāya (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    viha (noun, masculine)
    [dative single]
    viha (noun, neuter)
    [dative single]
  • saṅgrāmaśiraḥ -
  • saṅgrāmaśiras (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • prayāto* -
  • prayātṛ (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    prayāta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • vaikartanaḥ -
  • vaikartana (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • pāṇḍava -
  • pāṇḍava (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    pāṇḍava (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • bāṇa -
  • bāṇa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    bāṇa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • taptaḥ -
  • taptṛ (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    tapta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    tap -> tapta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √tap class 1 verb], [nominative single from √tap class 4 verb]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 4.49.23

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 4.49.23 in Kannada sript:
ಸ ಪಾರ್ಥಮುಕ್ತೈರ್ವಿಶಿಖೈಃ ಪ್ರಣುನ್ನೋ ಗಜೋ ಗಜೇನೇವ ಜಿತಸ್ತರಸ್ವೀ ।
ವಿಹಾಯ ಸಂಗ್ರಾಮಶಿರಃ ಪ್ರಯಾತೋ ವೈಕರ್ತನಃ ಪಾಣ್ಡವಬಾಣತಪ್ತಃ ॥ ೨೩ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 4.49.23 in Bengali sript:
স পার্থমুক্তৈর্বিশিখৈঃ প্রণুন্নো গজো গজেনেব জিতস্তরস্বী ।
বিহায সংগ্রামশিরঃ প্রযাতো বৈকর্তনঃ পাণ্ডববাণতপ্তঃ ॥ ২৩ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 4.49.23 in Gujarati sript:
સ પાર્થમુક્તૈર્વિશિખૈઃ પ્રણુન્નો ગજો ગજેનેવ જિતસ્તરસ્વી ।
વિહાય સંગ્રામશિરઃ પ્રયાતો વૈકર્તનઃ પાણ્ડવબાણતપ્તઃ ॥ ૨૩ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 4.49.23 in Malayalam sript:
സ പാര്ഥമുക്തൈര്വിശിഖൈഃ പ്രണുന്നോ ഗജോ ഗജേനേവ ജിതസ്തരസ്വീ ।
വിഹായ സംഗ്രാമശിരഃ പ്രയാതോ വൈകര്തനഃ പാണ്ഡവബാണതപ്തഃ ॥ ൨൩ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 4.49.23 in Telugu sript:
స పార్థముక్తైర్విశిఖైః ప్రణున్నో గజో గజేనేవ జితస్తరస్వీ ।
విహాయ సంగ్రామశిరః ప్రయాతో వైకర్తనః పాణ్డవబాణతప్తః ॥ ౨౩ ॥

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