Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 4.47.13

संप्रवृत्ते तु संग्रामे भावाभावौ जयाजयौ ।
अवश्यमेकं स्पृशतो दृष्टमेतदसंशयम् ॥ १३ ॥

saṃpravṛtte tu saṃgrāme bhāvābhāvau jayājayau |
avaśyamekaṃ spṛśato dṛṣṭametadasaṃśayam || 13 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...give back the Pandavas their kingdom. Let every preparation, therefore, for battle be made without delay.' "Bhishma said, 'Listen to what I regard as proper, if it pleases you. I should always...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (4.47.13). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Sampravritta, Sampravritti, Sangrama, Bhavabhava, Jayajaya, Avashyam, Eka, Sprishat, Drishta, Etad, Asamshayam, Asamshaya,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 4.47.13). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “saṃpravṛtte tu saṃgrāme bhāvābhāvau jayājayau
  • sampravṛtte -
  • sampravṛtta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    sampravṛtta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    sampravṛttā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    sampravṛtti (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
  • tu -
  • tu (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • saṅgrāme -
  • saṅgrāma (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    saṅgrāma (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
  • bhāvābhāvau -
  • bhāvābhāva (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • jayājayau -
  • jayājaya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • Line 2: “avaśyamekaṃ spṛśato dṛṣṭametadasaṃśayam
  • avaśyam -
  • avaśyam (indeclinable)
    avaśyā (noun, feminine)
  • ekam -
  • eka (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
    eka (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • spṛśato* -
  • spṛś -> spṛśat (participle, masculine)
    [accusative plural from √spṛś class 6 verb], [ablative single from √spṛś class 6 verb], [genitive single from √spṛś class 6 verb]
    spṛś -> spṛśat (participle, neuter)
    [ablative single from √spṛś class 6 verb], [genitive single from √spṛś class 6 verb]
    spṛś (verb class 6)
    [present active third dual]
  • dṛṣṭam -
  • dṛṣṭa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    dṛṣṭa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    dṛṣṭā (noun, feminine)
    dṛś -> dṛṣṭa (participle, masculine)
    [adverb from √dṛś]
    dṛś -> dṛṣṭa (participle, neuter)
    [adverb from √dṛś]
    dṛś -> dṛṣṭā (participle, feminine)
    [adverb from √dṛś]
    dṛś -> dṛṣṭa (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √dṛś class 1 verb]
    dṛś -> dṛṣṭa (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √dṛś class 1 verb], [accusative single from √dṛś class 1 verb]
  • etad -
  • etad (indeclinable)
    etad (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    etad (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • asaṃśayam -
  • asaṃśayam (indeclinable)
    asaṃśaya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 4.47.13

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 4.47.13 in Kannada sript:
ಸಂಪ್ರವೃತ್ತೇ ತು ಸಂಗ್ರಾಮೇ ಭಾವಾಭಾವೌ ಜಯಾಜಯೌ ।
ಅವಶ್ಯಮೇಕಂ ಸ್ಪೃಶತೋ ದೃಷ್ಟಮೇತದಸಂಶಯಮ್ ॥ ೧೩ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 4.47.13 in Bengali sript:
সংপ্রবৃত্তে তু সংগ্রামে ভাবাভাবৌ জযাজযৌ ।
অবশ্যমেকং স্পৃশতো দৃষ্টমেতদসংশযম্ ॥ ১৩ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 4.47.13 in Gujarati sript:
સંપ્રવૃત્તે તુ સંગ્રામે ભાવાભાવૌ જયાજયૌ ।
અવશ્યમેકં સ્પૃશતો દૃષ્ટમેતદસંશયમ્ ॥ ૧૩ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 4.47.13 in Malayalam sript:
സംപ്രവൃത്തേ തു സംഗ്രാമേ ഭാവാഭാവൌ ജയാജയൌ ।
അവശ്യമേകം സ്പൃശതോ ദൃഷ്ടമേതദസംശയമ് ॥ ൧൩ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


Buy now!

Preview of verse 4.47.13 in Telugu sript:
సంప్రవృత్తే తు సంగ్రామే భావాభావౌ జయాజయౌ ।
అవశ్యమేకం స్పృశతో దృష్టమేతదసంశయమ్ ॥ ౧౩ ॥

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