Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 4.43.19

अद्य दुर्योधनस्याहं शल्यं हृदि चिरस्थितम् ।
समूलमुद्धरिष्यामि बीभत्सुं पातयन्रथात् ॥ १९ ॥

adya duryodhanasyāhaṃ śalyaṃ hṛdi cirasthitam |
samūlamuddhariṣyāmi bībhatsuṃ pātayanrathāt || 19 ||

Note! The following is not a translation of the above verse, but merely an arbitrary extract of the English text.

...Dhritarashtra’s son. When man is there, even amongst all the gods and the Asuras, that will endure to stand in the teeth of the straight arrows shot from my bow? Let my flying arrows, winged and...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (4.43.19). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Adya, Duryodhana, Aha, Asmad, Shalya, Hrid, Cirasthita, Samulam, Samula, Bibhatsu, Patayat, Ratha,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 4.43.19). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “adya duryodhanasyāhaṃ śalyaṃ hṛdi cirasthitam
  • adya -
  • adya (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    adya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    adya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • duryodhanasyā -
  • duryodhana (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    duryodhana (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
  • aham -
  • aha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    asmad (pronoun, none)
    [nominative single]
  • śalyam -
  • śalya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    śalya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    śalyā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    śal -> śalya (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √śal class 10 verb]
    śal -> śalya (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √śal class 10 verb], [accusative single from √śal class 10 verb]
  • hṛdi -
  • hṛd (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
  • cirasthitam -
  • cirasthita (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    cirasthita (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    cirasthitā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • Line 2: “samūlamuddhariṣyāmi bībhatsuṃ pātayanrathāt
  • samūlam -
  • samūlam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    samūla (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    samūla (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    samūlā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • ud -
  • ud (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • dhariṣyāmi -
  • dhṛ (verb class 1)
    [future active first single]
    dhṝ (verb class 9)
    [future active first single]
  • bībhatsum -
  • bībhatsu (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
    bībhatsu (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • pātayan -
  • pat -> pātayat (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √pat], [vocative single from √pat]
  • rathāt -
  • ratha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 4.43.19

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

Buy now!

Preview of verse 4.43.19 in Kannada sript:
ಅದ್ಯ ದುರ್ಯೋಧನಸ್ಯಾಹಂ ಶಲ್ಯಂ ಹೃದಿ ಚಿರಸ್ಥಿತಮ್ ।
ಸಮೂಲಮುದ್ಧರಿಷ್ಯಾಮಿ ಬೀಭತ್ಸುಂ ಪಾತಯನ್ರಥಾತ್ ॥ ೧೯ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

Buy now!
Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

Buy now!

Preview of verse 4.43.19 in Bengali sript:
অদ্য দুর্যোধনস্যাহং শল্যং হৃদি চিরস্থিতম্ ।
সমূলমুদ্ধরিষ্যামি বীভত্সুং পাতযন্রথাত্ ॥ ১৯ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

Buy now!

Preview of verse 4.43.19 in Gujarati sript:
અદ્ય દુર્યોધનસ્યાહં શલ્યં હૃદિ ચિરસ્થિતમ્ ।
સમૂલમુદ્ધરિષ્યામિ બીભત્સું પાતયન્રથાત્ ॥ ૧૯ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

Buy now!

Preview of verse 4.43.19 in Malayalam sript:
അദ്യ ദുര്യോധനസ്യാഹം ശല്യം ഹൃദി ചിരസ്ഥിതമ് ।
സമൂലമുദ്ധരിഷ്യാമി ബീഭത്സും പാതയന്രഥാത് ॥ ൧൯ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

Buy now!

Preview of verse 4.43.19 in Telugu sript:
అద్య దుర్యోధనస్యాహం శల్యం హృది చిరస్థితమ్ ।
సమూలముద్ధరిష్యామి బీభత్సుం పాతయన్రథాత్ ॥ ౧౯ ॥

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: