Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 4.31.19

तौ व्यावहरतां तत्र महात्मानौ महाबलौ ।
अन्योन्यमभिगर्जन्तौ गोष्ठे गोवृषभाविव ॥ १९ ॥

tau vyāvaharatāṃ tatra mahātmānau mahābalau |
anyonyamabhigarjantau goṣṭhe govṛṣabhāviva || 19 ||

Note! The following is not a translation of the above verse, but merely an arbitrary extract of the English text.

...king had eight thousand cars, a thousand elephants and sixty thousand horses. And, O bull among the Bharatas, that force of Virata, O king, as it marched forth marking the footprints of the cattle...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (4.31.19). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Vya, Tatra, Mahatman, Mahabala, Mahabali, Anyonyam, Anyonya, Abhi, Garjat, Goshtha, Govrishabha, Iva,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 4.31.19). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “tau vyāvaharatāṃ tatra mahātmānau mahābalau
  • tau -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
  • vyāva -
  • vya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • aharatām -
  • hṛ (verb class 1)
    [imperfect active third dual]
  • tatra -
  • tatra (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tatra (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tatra (indeclinable)
  • mahātmānau -
  • mahātman (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • mahābalau -
  • mahābala (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    mahābali (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
  • Line 2: “anyonyamabhigarjantau goṣṭhe govṛṣabhāviva
  • anyonyam -
  • anyonyam (indeclinable)
    anyonya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    anyonya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    anyonyā (noun, feminine)
  • abhi -
  • abhi (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    abhi (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    abhi (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    abhi (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    abhī (noun, masculine)
    abhī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    abhī (noun, feminine)
  • garjantau -
  • garjat (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • goṣṭhe -
  • goṣṭha (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    goṣṭha (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    goṣṭhā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • govṛṣabhāvi -
  • govṛṣabha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • iva -
  • iva (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    iva (indeclinable)

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 4.31.19

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 4.31.19 in Kannada sript:
ತೌ ವ್ಯಾವಹರತಾಂ ತತ್ರ ಮಹಾತ್ಮಾನೌ ಮಹಾಬಲೌ ।
ಅನ್ಯೋನ್ಯಮಭಿಗರ್ಜನ್ತೌ ಗೋಷ್ಠೇ ಗೋವೃಷಭಾವಿವ ॥ ೧೯ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 4.31.19 in Bengali sript:
তৌ ব্যাবহরতাং তত্র মহাত্মানৌ মহাবলৌ ।
অন্যোন্যমভিগর্জন্তৌ গোষ্ঠে গোবৃষভাবিব ॥ ১৯ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 4.31.19 in Gujarati sript:
તૌ વ્યાવહરતાં તત્ર મહાત્માનૌ મહાબલૌ ।
અન્યોન્યમભિગર્જન્તૌ ગોષ્ઠે ગોવૃષભાવિવ ॥ ૧૯ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 4.31.19 in Malayalam sript:
തൌ വ്യാവഹരതാം തത്ര മഹാത്മാനൌ മഹാബലൌ ।
അന്യോന്യമഭിഗര്ജന്തൌ ഗോഷ്ഠേ ഗോവൃഷഭാവിവ ॥ ൧൯ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


Buy now!

Preview of verse 4.31.19 in Telugu sript:
తౌ వ్యావహరతాం తత్ర మహాత్మానౌ మహాబలౌ ।
అన్యోన్యమభిగర్జన్తౌ గోష్ఠే గోవృషభావివ ॥ ౧౯ ॥

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